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DUAL CRIMINAL PURPOSE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME, OR POSSESSING A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME


DUAL INTENT

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.371(1)
Conspiracy, 18 U.S.C. § 371; 21 U.S.C. § 846


DUAL MOTIVE

3rd Cir Civil 7.4
Employment Discrimination - Retaliation - First Amendment (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1951-6
Hobbs Act - Extortion Under Color of Official Right (docx/wpd)


DUAL-ROLE WITNESS

4th Cir Criminal VII.K.
Expert Witness
4th Cir Criminal VIII.E.
Dual-Role Witness
6th Cir Criminal 7.03
OPINION TESTIMONY (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 7.03A
WITNESS TESTIFYING TO BOTH FACTS AND OPINIONS (wpd/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.15
DUAL ROLE TESTIMONY (wpd)


DUE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1503
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE
5th Cir Criminal 2.63A
18 U.S.C. § 1503(a) - Corruptly Obstructing Administration of Justice (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.63B
18 U.S.C. § 1503(a) - Obstructing Administration of Justice by Threats or Force (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.64
18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1) - Intimidation to Influence Testimony (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1512
DEFINITION OF CORRUPTLY
7th Cir Criminal 6.09(A)
VOLUNTARY INTOXICATION
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503A
CORRUPTLY ENDEAVORING TO INFLUENCE A JUROR (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503C
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.131
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE-OMNIBUS CLAUSE OF 18 U.S.C. § 1503 (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.62
CORRUPTLY OBSTRUCTING ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE (18 U.S.C. § 1503(a))
10th Cir Criminal 2.63
OBSTRUCTING ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE BY THREATS OR FORCE (18 U.S.C. § 1503(a))
11th Cir Criminal O58.1
Obstruction of Justice: Omnibus Clause - 18 U.S.C. § 1503 (docx)


DUE AND OWING

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-1
Tax Evasion - Tax Deficiency Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-3
Tax Evasion - Affirmative Attempt to Evade or Defeat Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
TAX EVASION
5th Cir Civil 12.6
Section 6672 Penalty (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7203
FAILURE TO FILE TAX RETURN (26 U.S.C. § 7203) (wpd/doc/docx)


DUE CAUTION

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1112
MANSLAUGHTER
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1112B
INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER, WITHIN SPECIAL MARITIME AND TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES (18 U.S.C. § 1112) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.54
VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
10th Cir Criminal 2.54.1
INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
11th Cir Criminal O46.1
Voluntary Manslaughter - 18 U.S.C. § 1112 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O46.2
Involuntary Manslaugther - 18 U.S.C. § 1112 (docx)


DUE PROCESS

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 10.1
Punitive Damages
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 1.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 2.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment: Injury to an Inmate by a Corrections Officer
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 2.2
Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment: Liability of Corrections Officer for Injury by Other Inmates
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 3.1
Pretrial Detainees: Use of Excessive Force (Fourteenth Amendment)
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 7.1
Excessive Force-Punitive Damages
1st Cir Criminal 2.08
Caution as to Cooperating Witness/Accomplice/Paid Informant/Immunized Witness
1st Cir Criminal 2.22
Eyewitness Identification Instruction
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.371(1)
Conspiracy, 18 U.S.C. § 371; 21 U.S.C. § 846
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.1
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Denial of Adequate Medical Care (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.2
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Suicidal Action (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.3
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Attack (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.12
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.12.2
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Probable Cause (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.12.3
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Warrant Application (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.13
Section 1983 - Malicious Prosecution (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.15
Section 1983 - High-Speed Chase (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.16
Section 1983 - Duty to Protect Child in Foster Care (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.6.1
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Supervisory Officials (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.6.3
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.6.6
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - Custom (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.7.2
Section 1983 - Affirmative Defenses - Qualified Immunity (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.1
Section 1983 - Damages - Compensatory Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.2
Section 1983 - Damages - Nominal Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9
Section 1983 - Excessive Force (Including Some Types of Deadly Force) - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.2
Title VII Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.2
Section 1981 Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 7.0
Section 1983 Employment Discrimination (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.2
ADA Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.21
Fifth Amendment Privilege of Witness Other Than the Defendant (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.06
Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof; Reasonable Doubt (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.11
Lesser Included Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.15
Eyewitness Identification of the Defendant - See Note below (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.34
Silence in the Face of Accusation (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.01
Proof Of Required State of Mind - Intentionally, Knowingly, Willfully (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.03
Duress [Coercion] (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.05
Entrapment (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.06
Insanity (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2261
INTERSTATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2262
INTERSTATE VIOLATION OF PROTECTION ORDER
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 241
CONSPIRING AGAINST CIVIL RIGHTS
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 242
CIVIL RIGHTS - COLOR OF LAW
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(8)
POSSESSION OF FIREARM BY A PERSON SUBJECT TO A DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROTECTION ORDER
4th Cir Criminal VI.F.
Entrapment
5th Cir Civil 10.1
42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Unlawful Arrest- Unlawful Search-Excessive Force) (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 10.10
Fourteenth Amendment (Inadequate Medical Care or Conditions of Confinement - Pretrial Detainee) (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 10.11
Fourteenth Amendment (Medical Care - Pretrial Detainee/Episodic Acts) (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.05
Presumption of Innocence, Burden of Proof, Reasonable Doubt (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.36
Justification, Duress, or Coercion (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.11
18 U.S.C. § 241 - Conspiracy to Deprive Person of Civil Rights (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.12
18 U.S.C. § 242 - Deprivation of Civil Rights (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE, BURDEN OF PROOF, REASONABLE DOUBT (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 6.09
ENTRAPMENT BY ESTOPPEL (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 7.02C
WITNESS OTHER THAN THE DEFENDANT INVOKING THE FIFTH AMENDMENT (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 8.04
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil 1.06
WHAT IS NOT EVIDENCE
7th Cir Civil 7.10
FOURTH AMENDMENT:
7th Cir Civil 7.11
FOURTH AMENDMENT: MEDICAL CARE FOR ARRESTEE
7th Cir Civil 7.14
FAIR TRIAL: CONCEALMENT OF EXCULPATORY EVIDENCE / FABRICATION OF EVIDENCE
7th Cir Civil 7.16
EIGHTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS: FAILURE TO PROTECT - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Civil 7.21
DUE PROCESS: STATE-CREATED DANGER
8th Cir Civil 11.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (42 U.S.C. § 1981) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 12.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 13.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.40
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE - ARREST OR OTHER SEIZURE OF PERSON BEFORE CONFINEMENT - FOURTH AMENDMENT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE - PRETRIAL DETAINEES FIFTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.43
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: DENIAL OF MEDICAL CARE - CONVICTED PRISONERS AND PRETRIAL DETAINEES (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.44
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: FAILURE TO PROTECT FROM ATTACK - SPECIFIC ATTACK - CONVICTED PRISONERS - EIGHTH AMENDMENT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL - PRISONER CIVIL RIGHTS (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE - CIVIL RIGHTS (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.1
INTRODUCTION TO PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.9
MITIGATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.5
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGE; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE; BURDEN OF PROOF (SINGLE DEFENDANT, SINGLE COUNT) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.6
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE; BURDEN OF PROOF (SINGLE DEFENDANT, MULTIPLE COUNTS) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.7
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.8
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.8
EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503A
CORRUPTLY ENDEAVORING TO INFLUENCE A JUROR (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503B
INFLUENCING A JUROR BY THREATS (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503C
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2250
FAILURE TO REGISTER UNDER SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION AND NOTIFICATION ACT (SORNA) (18 U.S.C. § 2250(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.241
CONSPIRACY TO DEPRIVE A PERSON OF CIVIL RIGHTS (18 U.S.C. § 241) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.242
DEPRIVATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS (18 U.S.C. § 242) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.1
ENTRAPMENT (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 5.5
PUNITIVE DAMAGES (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 5.6
NOMINAL DAMAGES (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 7.12
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-WILLFUL AND ARBITRARY FAILURE TO PAY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.2
CAUSATION (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.20
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-GENERALLY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.26
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-EIGHTH AMENDMENT-CONVICTED PRISONER'S CLAIM OF EXCESSIVE FORCE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.29
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-PRETRIAL DETAINEE'S CLAIM OF EXCESSIVE FORCE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.32
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-DUE PROCESS-INTERFERENCE WITH PARENT/CHILD RELATIONSHIP (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.32A
Particular Rights-Fourteenth Amendment-Due Process-Civil Commitment (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.33
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-DUE PROCESS-DELIBERATE FABRICATION OF EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 3.14
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSE (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.34
INSANITY
10th Cir Criminal 2.91
POSSESSION OF AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d))
11th Cir Civil 4.1
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Free Speech on Matter of Public Concern (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.11
Americans with Disabilities Act - Disparate-Treatment Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.9
Civil Rights Act - 42 U.S.C. § 1981 - Race Discrimination in Employment - Discharge or Failure to Promote (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.4
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth or Fourteenth Amendment Claim - Private Person or Pretrial Detainee Alleging Excessive Force (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.8
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment Claim - Convicted Prisoner or Pretrial Detainee Alleging Deliberate Indifference to Serious Medical Need (docx)
11th Cir Criminal B2.1
The Duty to Follow Instructions And the Presumption of Innocence (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O117.1
Controlled Substances: Possession on Vessel of the United States or Subject to the Jurisdiction of the United States - 46 U.S.C. § 70503 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O7
Failure to Pay Child Support - 18 U.S.C. § 228 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O8
Deprivation of Civil Rights (Without Bodily Injury, Kidnapping, Sexual Assault, or Death) - 18 U.S.C. § 242 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O94
Failure to Appear: Bail Jumping - 18 U.S.C. § 3146 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S16
Duress and Coercion (Justification or Necessity) (docx)


DUE PROCESS CLAUSE

1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 1.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 2.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment: Injury to an Inmate by a Corrections Officer
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 2.2
Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment: Liability of Corrections Officer for Injury by Other Inmates
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 3.1
Pretrial Detainees: Use of Excessive Force (Fourteenth Amendment)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.371(1)
Conspiracy, 18 U.S.C. § 371; 21 U.S.C. § 846
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.1
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Denial of Adequate Medical Care (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.2
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Suicidal Action (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.13
Section 1983 - Malicious Prosecution (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9
Section 1983 - Excessive Force (Including Some Types of Deadly Force) - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.06
Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof; Reasonable Doubt (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.03
Duress [Coercion] (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.05
Entrapment (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.06
Insanity (docx/wpd)
6th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE, BURDEN OF PROOF, REASONABLE DOUBT (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 6.09
ENTRAPMENT BY ESTOPPEL (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil 7.11
FOURTH AMENDMENT: MEDICAL CARE FOR ARRESTEE
7th Cir Civil 7.16
EIGHTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS: FAILURE TO PROTECT - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Civil 7.21
DUE PROCESS: STATE-CREATED DANGER
8th Cir Civil 4.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE - PRETRIAL DETAINEES FIFTH AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENTS (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.44
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: FAILURE TO PROTECT FROM ATTACK - SPECIFIC ATTACK - CONVICTED PRISONERS - EIGHTH AMENDMENT (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.8
EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503A
CORRUPTLY ENDEAVORING TO INFLUENCE A JUROR (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503B
INFLUENCING A JUROR BY THREATS (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503C
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.29
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-PRETRIAL DETAINEE'S CLAIM OF EXCESSIVE FORCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 3.14
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSE (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 5.4
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth or Fourteenth Amendment Claim - Private Person or Pretrial Detainee Alleging Excessive Force (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.8
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment Claim - Convicted Prisoner or Pretrial Detainee Alleging Deliberate Indifference to Serious Medical Need (docx)
11th Cir Criminal B2.1
The Duty to Follow Instructions And the Presumption of Innocence (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O117.1
Controlled Substances: Possession on Vessel of the United States or Subject to the Jurisdiction of the United States - 46 U.S.C. § 70503 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O7
Failure to Pay Child Support - 18 U.S.C. § 228 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O94
Failure to Appear: Bail Jumping - 18 U.S.C. § 3146 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S16
Duress and Coercion (Justification or Necessity) (docx)


DUE PROCESS LIMITS ON PUNITIVE DAMAGES

3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.2
Title VII Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.2
Section 1981 Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.2
ADA Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
9th Cir Civil 5.5
PUNITIVE DAMAGES (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.11
Americans with Disabilities Act - Disparate-Treatment Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.9
Civil Rights Act - 42 U.S.C. § 1981 - Race Discrimination in Employment - Discharge or Failure to Promote (docx)


DUELING

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 371
CONSPIRACY


DUNAWAY V. NEW YORK

3rd Cir Civil 4.12.2
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Probable Cause (docx)
7th Cir Civil 7.06
FOURTH AMENDMENT: TERRY (INVESTIGATORY) STOP


DUNBAR V. UNITED STATES

6th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE, BURDEN OF PROOF, REASONABLE DOUBT (wpd/docx)


DUNN V. UNITED STATES

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1623
FALSE DECLARATIONS BEFORE GRAND JURY OR COURT
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1623
FALSE DECLARATION BEFORE COURT OR GRAND JURY (18 U.S.C. § 1623) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.66
FALSE DECLARATION (PERJURY) BEFORE A COURT OR GRAND JURY


DUPLICATED OTHER INSTRUCTIONS

3rd Cir Criminal 8.01
Theory of Defense (docx/wpd)


DUPLICATIVE

3rd Cir Criminal 5.07
Good Faith Defense (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1341-4
Mail or Wire Fraud - 'Intent to Defraud' Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1344-1
Bank Fraud - 'Intent to Defraud' Defined for Prosecutions Under Section 1344(1) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
6th Cir Criminal 15.01
Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1) (producing an identification document, authentication feature, or false identification document)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 15.02
Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 15.05
Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Access Devices (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) (trafficking in or using one or more unauthorized access devices during a one-year period)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil 1.19
ADVERSE INFERENCE FROM MISSING WITNESS
8th Cir Criminal 12.7
STATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (18 U.S.C. § 3592) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7A
DEATH OR INJURY RESULTING IN DEATH DURING THE COMMISSION OF AN OFFENSE LISTED UNDER 18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(1) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7E
CREATION OF A GRAVE RISK OF DEATH TO ONE OR MORE PERSONS IN ADDITION TO THE VICTIM (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(5); 21 U.S.C. § 848(n)(5)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7F
COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE IN AN ESPECIALLY HEINOUS CRUEL OR DEPRAVED MANNER (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(6)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7K
VULNERABLE VICTIM (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(11); 21 U.S.C. § 848(n)(9)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7P
MULTIPLE KILLINGS OR ATTEMPTED KILLINGS (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(16); 18 U.S.C. § 3591(a)(2)(A)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.8
NONSTATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 7.11
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.56
MAIL FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1341)
10th Cir Criminal 3.6
INTENT REQUIREMENT
11th Cir Civil 10.7
Trademarks - Violation of 15 U.S.C. § 1125 - The Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (docx)
11th Cir Civil 11.4
Trade Secrets - Damages - Compensatory (docx)
11th Cir Civil 7.2
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Acquiring or Maintaining an Interest in or Control of an Enterprise (docx)


DUPLICATIVE AGGRAVATING FACTORS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
8th Cir Criminal 12.7
STATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (18 U.S.C. § 3592) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 3.6
INTENT REQUIREMENT


DUPLICATIVE FACTORS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
8th Cir Criminal 12.7
STATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (18 U.S.C. § 3592) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7A
DEATH OR INJURY RESULTING IN DEATH DURING THE COMMISSION OF AN OFFENSE LISTED UNDER 18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(1) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7E
CREATION OF A GRAVE RISK OF DEATH TO ONE OR MORE PERSONS IN ADDITION TO THE VICTIM (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(5); 21 U.S.C. § 848(n)(5)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7F
COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE IN AN ESPECIALLY HEINOUS CRUEL OR DEPRAVED MANNER (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(6)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7K
VULNERABLE VICTIM (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(11); 21 U.S.C. § 848(n)(9)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.8
NONSTATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 3.6
INTENT REQUIREMENT


DUPLICITOUS CHARGE

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.922G
Felon In Possession of Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)) (non-bifurcated proceeding) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1001
FALSE STATEMENT TO A FEDERAL AGENCY
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1027
FALSE STATEMENT, ERISA
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1621
PERJURY
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1623
FALSE DECLARATIONS BEFORE GRAND JURY OR COURT
4th Cir Criminal VII.GG.
Unanimity
4th Cir Criminal VIII.F.
Duplicitous
6th Cir Criminal 8.03B
UNANIMITY NOT REQUIRED - MEANS (wpd/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.50
FALSE IMPERSONATION OF FEDERAL OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE (18 U.S.C. § 912) (wpd)


DURA PHARMS., INC. V. BROUDO

9th Cir Civil 18.
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT-Introductory Comment (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 18.6
SECURITIES-JUSTIFIABLE RELIANCE GENERALLY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 18.8
SECURITIES-CAUSATION (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 18.9
SECURITIES-DAMAGES (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 6.5
Securities Exchange Act § 14 - 15 U.S.C. § 77n - Rule 14a-9 - 17 C.F.R. § 14a-9 - Solicitation of Proxies (docx)


DURATION OF A CONSPIRACY

6th Cir Criminal 3.12
DURATION OF A CONSPIRACY (wpd/docx)


DURATION OF POSSESSION

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(g)
Possession of a Firearm or Ammunition in or Affecting Commerce by a Convicted Felon, 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1), (4)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(k)
Possession of a Firearm With an Obliterated or Removed Serial Number, 18 U.S.C. § 922(k)


DURATION OF THE DETENTION

9th Cir Civil 9.24
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-DETENTION DURING EXECUTION OF SEARCH WARRANT (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 5.3
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth Amendment Claim - Private Person Alleging Unlawful Arrest, Unlawful Search, or Unlawful Terry Stop (docx)


DURATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PARTIES

9th Cir Civil 17.11
COPYRIGHT INTERESTS-WORK MADE FOR HIRE BY EMPLOYEE (17 U.S.C. § 201(b)) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 9.15
Copyright - Ownership - Work Made for Hire (docx)


DURESS

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.751
Escape from Custody, 18 U.S.C. § 751
1st Cir Criminal 5.04
Justification: Self-Defense, Duress, Necessity
3rd Cir Civil 8.3.3
ADEA Defenses - Waiver (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1951-6
Hobbs Act - Extortion Under Color of Official Right (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.371J-1
Conspiracy - Withdrawal Before the Commission of an Overt Act as a Defense to Conspiracy (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 7.05
Causing the Criminal Acts of Another (18 U.S.C. § 2(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.03
Duress [Coercion] (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.04
Justification [Necessity] (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.06
Insanity (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2261
INTERSTATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2261A
INTERSTATE STALKING
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2262
INTERSTATE VIOLATION OF PROTECTION ORDER
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 751
ESCAPE
4th Cir Criminal VI.E.
Duress or Justification
4th Cir Criminal VI.P.
Necessity
4th Cir Criminal VI.S.
Self-Defense
5th Cir Criminal 1.36
Justification, Duress, or Coercion (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.34
18 U.S.C. § 751(a) - Escape (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 1.01
INTRODUCTION (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 12.01
FIREARMS - Possession of Firearm or Ammunition by Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 6.05
COERCION/DURESS (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE/BURDEN OF PROOF
7th Cir Criminal 10.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE/BURDEN OF PROOF
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1111
SECOND DEGREE MURDER - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 6.01
SELF DEFENSE/DEFENSE OF OTHERS
7th Cir Criminal 6.08
COERCION/DURESS
8th Cir Criminal 12.10
MITIGATING FACTORS ENUMERATED (18 U.S.C. § 3592(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.22
SPECIAL VERDICT FORM (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.9
MITIGATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY MEANS OF EXTORTION (18 U.S.C. § 1951 (Hobbs Act)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.751
ESCAPE FROM CUSTODY (18 U.S.C. § 751(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.0
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: DEFENSES AND THEORIES OF DEFENSE (Introductory Comment) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.2
COERCION OR DURESS (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 6.5
DURESS, COERCION OR COMPULSION (LEGAL EXCUSE) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.36
COERCION OR DURESS
10th Cir Criminal 2.35
ESCAPE 18 U.S.C. § 751(a)
10th Cir Criminal 3.10.2
DURESS
11th Cir Criminal O94
Failure to Appear: Bail Jumping - 18 U.S.C. § 3146 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S16
Duress and Coercion (Justification or Necessity) (docx)


DURESS AS A DEFENSE TO MURDER

9th Cir Criminal 6.5
DURESS, COERCION OR COMPULSION (LEGAL EXCUSE) (wpd)
DURESS is not a defense to MURDER, nor will it mitigate MURDER to manslaughter


DURING AND IN RELATION TO

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1028A
Aggravated Identity Theft, 18 U.S.C. § 1028A
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.924
Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to, or Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of Drug Trafficking or Crime of Violence, 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924A
Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924A-1
'In Furtherance of' Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924B
Using or Carrying a Firearm During Any Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 7.02
Accomplice Liability: Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(a)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1028A
AGGRAVATED IDENTITY THEFT
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME, OR POSSESSING A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(j)
CAUSING DEATH THROUGH USE OR POSSESSION OF A FIREARM
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(o)
CONSPIRING TO VIOLATE § 924(c)
4th Cir Criminal 8 U.S.C. § 1324
BRINGING IN OR HARBORING ALIENS
5th Cir Criminal 2.44
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1) - Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 12.00
FIREARMS OFFENSES (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 12.02
FIREARMS - USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING AND IN RELATION TO A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 12.03
FIREARMS - POSSESSING A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 12.04
AIDING AND ABETTING USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING AND IN RELATION TO A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. §§ 924(c)(1)(A)(i) and 2) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 14.06
DISTRIBUTION OF A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE IN OR NEAR SCHOOLS OR COLLEGES (21 U.S.C. § 860(a)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 15.03
Fraud and Related activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(6) (possessing an identification document or authentication feature which was stolen or produced without lawful authorit (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 4.01
AIDING AND ABETTING (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1)
AGGRAVATED IDENTITY THEFT - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
DEFINITION OF 'USE'
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING AND IN RELATION TO A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
POSSESSION OF A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME - ACCOUNTABILITY THEORY ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING AND IN RELATION TO A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME - ACCOUNTABILITY THEORY ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1028A
AGGRAVATED IDENTITY THEFT (18 U.S.C. § 1028A(A)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.924C
FIREARMS-POSSESSION IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE/ DRUG TRAFFICKING OFFENSE (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 5.1
AIDING AND ABETTING (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.71
FIREARMS-USING, CARRYING, OR BRANDISHING IN COMMISSION OF CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.72
FIREARMS-POSSESSION IN FURTHERANCE OF CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.83
FRAUD IN CONNECTION WITH IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTS-AGGRAVATED IDENTITY THEFT (18 U.S.C. § 1028A) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.45
COMMISSION OF A DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME USING/CARRYING A FIREARM DURING OR CRIME OF VIOLENCE
10th Cir Criminal 2.45.1
POSSESSION OF A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME OR CRIME OF VIOLENCE
10th Cir Criminal 2.52
FIRST DEGREE MURDER (18 U.S.C. § 1111)
11th Cir Criminal O35.2
Using or Carrying a Firearm During a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.3
Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.4
Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.6
Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying a Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.7
Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.9
Discharge of Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O40.3
Aggravated Identity Theft - 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1) (docx)


DURING ANY ONE-YEAR PERIOD

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1029
CREDIT CARD FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030
COMPUTER CRIMES
5th Cir Criminal 2.49A
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) - Use of Unauthorized Access Device (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 15.05
Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Access Devices (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) (trafficking in or using one or more unauthorized access devices during a one-year period)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(5)
FRAUDULENT TRANSACTIONS WITH ANOTHER'S ACCESS DEVICE - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A)
TRANSMISSION OF PROGRAM TO INTENTIONALLY CAUSE DAMAGE TO A COMPUTER - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(B)
RECKLESSLY CAUSING DAMAGE BY ACCESSING A PROTECTED COMPUTER - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030C
COMPUTER FRAUD [ACCESSING A NONPUBLIC COMPUTER] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(3)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030D
CRIMINAL INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030E
COMPUTER FRAUD [TRANSMISSION OF PROGRAM TO CAUSE DAMAGE TO A COMPUTER] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030E(a)
SPECIAL VERDICT FORM (INTERROGATORIES TO FOLLOW FINDING OF GUILT) (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030F
COMPUTER FRAUD [CAUSING DAMAGE TO A COMPUTER] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(B) AND (C)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030F(a)
SPECIAL VERDICT FORM (INTERROGATORIES TO FOLLOW FINDING OF GUILT) (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(B) AND (C)) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.50.2
USE OF UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS DEVICE (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2))
11th Cir Criminal O41.2
Fraudulent Use of Unauthorized Credit Cards or Other Access Devices - 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) (docx)


DURING ITS MOVEMENT OR WHILE AT ANCHOR

5th Cir Civil 4.1
Seaman Status (rtf)


DUTIES AS JURORS

1st Cir Criminal 1.01
Duties of the Jury
3rd Cir Civil 3.1
General Instructions For Use At End of Trial - Deliberations (docx)
6th Cir Criminal 1.02
JURORS' DUTIES (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil
SAMPLE PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS
7th Cir Criminal 10.01
FUNCTIONS OF COURT AND JURY
8th Cir Civil 1.03
EXPLANATORY: GENERAL; NATURE OF CASE; BURDEN OF PROOF; DUTY OF JURY; CAUTIONARY (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 1.1
GENERAL: NATURE OF CASE; NATURE OF INDICTMENT; BURDEN OF PROOF; (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 1.1
DUTY OF JURY (wpd)


DUTIES MUST CONTRIBUTE TO THE FUNCTION OF THE VESSEL

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
5th Cir Civil 4.1
Seaman Status (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
9th Cir Civil 7.1
SEAMAN STATUS (wpd)


DUTIES OF THE JURY

1st Cir Criminal 1.01
Duties of the Jury
8th Cir Civil 1.03
EXPLANATORY: GENERAL; NATURE OF CASE; BURDEN OF PROOF; DUTY OF JURY; CAUTIONARY (docx)
8th Cir Civil 2.01
EXPLANATORY: DUTIES OF JURY; RECESSES (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 1.1
GENERAL: NATURE OF CASE; NATURE OF INDICTMENT; BURDEN OF PROOF; (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.1
DUTIES OF JURY-RECESSES (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.2
DUTY OF JURY (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 1.2
DUTY OF JURY (COURT READS AND PROVIDES WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS AT THE BEGINNING OF TRIAL) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 1.3
DUTY OF JURY (COURT READS INSTRUCTIONS AT THE BEGINNING OF TRIAL BUT DOES NOT PROVIDE WRITTEN COPIES) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 1.4
DUTY OF JURY (COURT READS AND PROVIDES WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS AT END OF CASE) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 1.1
DUTY OF JURY (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 3.1
DUTIES OF JURY TO FIND FACTS AND FOLLOW LAW (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 7.1
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal P1
Preliminary Instructions - Criminal Cases (docx)


DUTY OF CARE

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688


DUTY OF CONFIDENTIALITY

4th Cir Criminal 15 U.S.C. § 77q
SECURITIES FRAUD
11th Cir Civil 6.3.1
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. §§ 10 and 20A - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - Private-Plaintiff Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 10 - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - SEC Version (docx)


DUTY OF EVERY PERSON TO OBEY THE LAW

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-4
Tax Evasion - Willfully Defined (docx/wpd)
8th Cir Criminal 9.8B
GOOD FAITH (TAX CASES) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.21
CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD THE UNITED STATES (18 U.S.C. § 371 'Defraud Clause') (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.42
WILLFULLY-DEFINED (26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206, 7207) (wpd)


DUTY OF FAIR REPRESENTATION

9th Cir Civil 13.1
EMPLOYEE CLAIM AGAINST UNION AND/OR EMPLOYER-LABOR MANAGEMENT RELATIONS ACT (LMRA) § 301 (29 U.S.C. § 185) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 13.2
LMRA § 301-Damages (29 U.S.C. § 185) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.17
Employee Claim against Employer and Union (Vaca v. Sipes) (docx)


DUTY OF LOYALTY

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1346
HONEST SERVICES
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030I
COMPUTER FRAUD- SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.123
MAIL FRAUD-SCHEME TO DEFRAUD-DEPRIVATION OF INTANGIBLE RIGHT OF HONEST SERVICES (18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 and 1346) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.1
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. §§ 10 and 20A - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - Private-Plaintiff Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 10 - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - SEC Version (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O50.3
Mail Fraud: Depriving Another of an Intangible Right of Honest Services 18 U.S.C. §§ [1341] and 1346 Private Employee (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O50.4
Mail Fraud: Depriving Another of an Intangible Right of Honest Services 18 U.S.C. §§ [1341] and 1346 Independent Contractor or Other Private Sector Contractual Relationship Besides Employer/Employee (docx)


DUTY OF SEAWORTHINESS

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)


DUTY OF THE JURY

1st Cir Criminal 3.01
Duty of the Jury to Find Facts and Follow Law
5th Cir Criminal 1.01
Preliminary Instructions (rtf)


DUTY TO ACCEPT AND APPLY THE LAW AS GIVEN

6th Cir Criminal 1.02
JURORS' DUTIES (wpd/docx)


DUTY TO ACT

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 2.3
Sexual Harassment-Hostile Environment Created by Co-workers, Customers, Etc.
3rd Cir Criminal 5.10
Failure to Act (Omissions) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 7.02
Accomplice Liability: Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(a)) (docx/wpd)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346
DEFINITION OF HONEST SERVICES
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.01
EXPLANATORY: NEGLIGENCE CLAIM UNDER THE JONES ACT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.21
DEFINITION: JONES ACT--'NEGLIGENCE' (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.40
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: NEGLIGENCE CLAIM UNDER THE JONES ACT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.60
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: JONES ACT--CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE (COMPARATIVE FAULT) (docx)
9th Cir Civil 10.7
CIVIL RIGHTS-TITLE VII-HOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT CAUSED BY NON-IMMEDIATE SUPERVISOR OR BY CO-WORKER-CLAIM BASED ON NEGLIGENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 13.1
EMPLOYEE CLAIM AGAINST UNION AND/OR EMPLOYER-LABOR MANAGEMENT RELATIONS ACT (LMRA) § 301 (29 U.S.C. § 185) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 1.1
DUTY OF JURY (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 3.1
DUTIES OF JURY TO FIND FACTS AND FOLLOW LAW (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 7.1
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd)


DUTY TO CONSULT

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 11.1
Charge to a Hung Jury
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 6.1
Charge to a Hung Jury
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 5.1
Charge to a Hung Jury
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 8.1
Charge to a Hung Jury
3rd Cir Civil 3.1
General Instructions For Use At End of Trial - Deliberations (docx)
4th Cir Criminal VII.B.
'Allen' Charge
4th Cir Criminal VII.J.
Deliberations
5th Cir Civil 2.18
Civil Allen Charge (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.24
Duty to Deliberate (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 8.04
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Civil 3.07
EXPLANATORY: 'ALLEN' CHARGE TO BE GIVEN AFTER EXTENDED DELIBERATION (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 10.2
DUTY TO DELIBERATE ('ALLEN' CHARGE) (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Civil 2.8
Civil Allen Charge (docx)


DUTY TO DELIBERATE

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.982
Money Laundering-Forfeiture, 18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(1)
1st Cir Criminal 4.21.853
Drugs-Forfeiture, 21 U.S.C. § 853
3rd Cir Criminal 3.16
Election of Foreperson; Unanimous Verdict; Do Not Consider Punishment; Duty to Deliberate; Communication with Court (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 9.05
Deadlocked Jury - Return for Deliberations (docx/wpd)
5th Cir Civil 3.7
Duty to Deliberate; Notes (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.24
Duty to Deliberate (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 8.04
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 9.05
QUESTIONABLE UNANIMITY AFTER POLLING (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Civil 3.06
EXPLANATORY: ELECTION OF FOREPERSON; DUTY TO DELIBERATE; COMMUNICATIONS WITH COURT; CAUTIONARY; UNANIMOUS VERDICT; VERDICT FORM (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 10.2
DUTY TO DELIBERATE ('ALLEN' CHARGE) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.12
ELECTION OF FOREPERSON; DUTY TO DELIBERATE; PUNISHMENT NOT A FACTOR; (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.853
CRIMINAL FORFEITURE OF PROPERTY (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 3.1
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 1.1
DUTY OF JURY (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 3.1
DUTIES OF JURY TO FIND FACTS AND FOLLOW LAW (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 6.
SPECIFIC DEFENSES-Introductory Comment (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 7.1
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.23
DUTY TO DELIBERATE-VERDICT FORM
11th Cir Civil 3.8.1
Duty to Deliberate When Only the Plaintiff Claims Damages (docx)
11th Cir Civil 3.8.2
Duty to Deliberate When Both Plaintiff and Defendant Claim Damages or When Damages are not an Issue (docx)
11th Cir Criminal B11
Duty to Deliberate (docx)
11th Cir Criminal T6
Forfeiture Proceedings (To be given before supplemental evidentiary proceedings or supplemental arguments of counsel) (docx)


DUTY TO DISCLOSE

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1341
Mail Fraud, 18 U.S.C. § 1341
3rd Cir Criminal 5.10
Failure to Act (Omissions) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.02
Alibi (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 15 U.S.C. § 77q
SECURITIES FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1001
FALSE STATEMENT TO A FEDERAL AGENCY
5th Cir Criminal 2.45
18 U.S.C. §§ 1001(a)(2) and (a)(3) - False Statements to Federal Agencies and Agents (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 13.01
CONCEALING A MATERIAL FACT IN A MATTER WITHIN THE JURISDICTION OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT (18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 8.03B
UNANIMITY NOT REQUIRED - MEANS (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 152(2) & (3)
FALSE OATH, FALSE DECLARATION UNDER PENALTY OF PERJURY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343
DEFINITION OF MATERIAL
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343
PROOF OF SCHEME
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343
DEFINITION OF SCHEME TO DEFRAUD
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1001A
CONCEALING A MATERIAL FACT FROM A GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY (18 U.S.C. (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1344
BANK FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 18.1
SECURITIES-DEFINITION OF RECURRING TERMS (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 18.7
SECURITIES-JUSTIFIABLE RELIANCE-FRAUD-ON-THE-MARKET CASE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.121
MAIL FRAUD-SCHEME TO DEFRAUD OR TO OBTAIN MONEY OR PROPERTY BY FALSE PROMISES (18 U.S.C. § 1341) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.124
WIRE FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1343) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.9
SECURITIES FRAUD (15 U.S.C. §§ 78j(b), 78ff; 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.46
CONCEALMENT OF A MATERIAL FACT (18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1))
11th Cir Civil 6.1
Securities Exchange Act 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Device, Scheme, or Artifice to Defraud (docx)


DUTY TO FILE A REPORT

5th Cir Criminal 2.103
31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1) -- Reports on Exporting and Importing Monetary Instruments (rtf)
10th Cir Criminal 2.95
REPORTS ON EXPORTING AND IMPORTING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS (31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1))


DUTY TO FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS

5th Cir Criminal 1.04
Duty to Follow Instructions (rtf)
10th Cir Criminal 1.4
DUTY TO FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS
11th Cir Civil 3.2
The Duty to Follow Instructions - No Corporate Party Involved (docx)
11th Cir Civil 3.2.2
The Duty to Follow Instructions - Corporate Party Involved (docx)
11th Cir Civil 3.2.3
The Duty to Follow Instructions - Government Entity or Agency Involved (docx)
11th Cir Criminal B2.1
The Duty to Follow Instructions And the Presumption of Innocence (docx)
11th Cir Criminal B2.2
The Duty to Follow Instructions and the Presumption Of Innocence When a Defendant Does Not Testify (docx)


DUTY TO INTERVENE

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.2
Section 1983 -Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Failure to Intervene (docx)
5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)


DUTY TO INVESTIGATE

3rd Cir Civil 4.12.3
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Warrant Application (docx)
11th Cir Civil 8.2
Jones Act - Unseaworthiness - Maintenance and Cure (docx)


DUTY TO MAINTAIN SAFE CONDITIONS

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688


DUTY TO MAINTAIN SECRECY

11th Cir Civil 11.1
Trade Secrets - Misappropriation of a Trade Secret (docx)


DUTY TO MITIGATE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages
3rd Cir Civil 10.4.1
FMLA Damages - Back Pay - No Claim of Willful Violation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 10.4.2
FMLA Damages - Back Pay - Willful Violation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.1.5
Elements of a Title VII Claim - Harassment - Hostile Work Environment - No Tangible Employment Action (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.3
Title VII Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.3
Section 1981 Damages - Back Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.2.
ADEA Damages - Back Pay (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.3
ADA Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
7th Cir Civil 9.05
Mitigation of Damages
8th Cir Civil 17.74
DAMAGES: DUTY TO MINIMIZE DAMAGES (docx)
9th Cir Civil 11.13
AGE DISCRIMINATION-DAMAGES-BACK PAY-MITIGATION (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.1
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Free Speech on Matter of Public Concern (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.10
Age Discrimination in Employment Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 621-634 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.11
Americans with Disabilities Act - Disparate-Treatment Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.12
Americans with Disabilities Act: - Reasonable Accommodation Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.15
Family and Medical Leave Act - Retaliation Claims - 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.16
Family and Medical Leave Act - Interference Claims - (NEW) - 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.17
Employee Claim against Employer and Union (Vaca v. Sipes) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.18
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4311 - USERRA (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.19
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4311(b) - USERRA Retaliation (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.2
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Political Disloyalty or Key Employee (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.3
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Supervisor Harassment (Separate Liability for Public Body and Individual Supervisors) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.4
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Co-worker Harassment (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.6
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment by Supervisor - No Tangible Employment Action Taken (with Affirmative Defense by Employer) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.7
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment by Co-Worker or Third Party - No Tangible Employment Action Taken (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.8
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment - Unwelcome Sexual Advances - Tangible Employment Action Taken (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.9
Civil Rights Act - 42 U.S.C. § 1981 - Race Discrimination in Employment - Discharge or Failure to Promote (docx)


DUTY TO OBEY THE LAW

3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-4
Tax Evasion - Willfully Defined (docx/wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.21
CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD THE UNITED STATES (18 U.S.C. § 371 'Defraud Clause') (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.42
WILLFULLY-DEFINED (26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206, 7207) (wpd)


DUTY TO PAY THE TAX

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
TAX EVASION
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7202
FAILURE TO COLLECT, ACCOUNT TRUTHFULLY FOR, OR PAY OVER EMPLOYMENT TAXES (26 U.S.C. § 7202) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 7.2
WILLFULLY (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O107.1
Tax Evasion: General Charge - 26 U.S.C. § 7201 (docx)


DUTY TO PROTECT CHILD IN FOSTER CARE

3rd Cir Civil 4.16
Section 1983 - Duty to Protect Child in Foster Care (docx)


DUTY TO PROTECT INMATES

3rd Cir Civil 4.11.3
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Attack (docx)


DUTY TO PROVIDE A SEAWORTHY SHIP

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
9th Cir Civil 7.5
UNSEAWORTHINESS CLAIM-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 8.1
Jones Act - Negligence and Unseaworthiness - General Instruction (Comparative Negligence Defense) (docx)


DUTY TO SPEAK

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1920
FALSE STATEMENTS OR FRAUD TO OBTAIN FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION


DUTY TO SUPPLY AN ADEQUATE AND COMPETENT CREW

5th Cir Civil 4.5
Unseaworthiness (rtf)


DUTY TO UPDATE

11th Cir Civil 6.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5 - Misrepresentation or Omission of Material Facts (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.9
Section 17 of the Securities Act of 1933 - 15 U.S.C. § 77q - Misrepresentation or Omission in the Offer or Sale of a Security - SEC Version (docx)


DUTY TO WARN

5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)
 
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