trialdex ™ jury instructions

 

by the Author

Law of Confessions (Thomson Reuters), originally published in 1984 and updated every year, is the leading treatise on the admissibility of confessions.
Federal Crimes (Thomson Reuters), discussing elements and defenses of the most commonly charged federal crimes, will be published in late 2024.

recent blog posts

May 2024
Revised Ninth Circuit criminal instructions
Revised civil and criminal instructions from the Eleventh Circuit
Revised criminal instructions from the Third Circuit
April 2024
Fifth Circuit adds civil trademark instructions
Revised Ninth Circuit Model Instructions
March 2024
2024 revision of the unofficial "Ruschky" Fourth Circuit criminal instructions

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federal pattern instructions
The First Circuit no longer has official pattern instructions (a 1997 set of criminal instructions is no longer posted). Unofficial civil (2011-12; "no longer updated") and criminal (12/8/23) instructions are posted on the Maine District Court Web site.
There is an unofficial set of Second Circuit civil instructions posted on the District of Vermont Web site. A set of criminal instructions is "under construction."
The Third Circuit has official civil (12/2023) and criminal (4/2024) model jury instructions.
The Fourth Circuit does not have official pattern instructions. However, a set of unofficial criminal instructions and annotations (Feb. 1, 2024) is posted on the District of South Carolina Web site. Former U.S. Magistrate Judge Carl Horn's Federal Criminal Jury Instructions for the Fourth Circuit (2016) are also widely used, but are not freely available on the Internet.
The Fifth Circuit has official civil (June 2020) and criminal (2019) pattern jury instructions.
The Sixth Circuit has official criminal (03/24/2023) (but not civil) pattern jury instructions.
The Seventh Circuit has official civil (08/2017) (chapter 11 in 2021) and criminal (2023) pattern jury instructions.
The Eighth Circuit has official civil and criminal (July 2023) (including death penalty) model instructions.
The Ninth Circuit has official civil and criminal (December 2023) model instructions.
The Tenth Circuit has official criminal (last update 7/14/2023) (but not civil) pattern jury instructions.
The Eleventh Circuit has official civil and criminal (updated 4/2024) pattern jury instructions.
The District of Columbia does not have official pattern jury instructions. LexisNexis sells Standardized Civil ("blue book") and Criminal ("red book") Jury Instructions for the District of Columbia.
The Federal Judicial Conference subcommittee drafted a set of jury instructions in 1982. These instructions were revised in 1987, but have not been revised since then. The subcommittee that drafted them no longer exists, and there are no plans for a new edition. The 1987 revised version is posted on the Federal Judicial Center Web site for "historical interest."


state pattern instructions
Alabama pattern civil instructions can be accessed on Westlaw. Criminal instructions are freely available on the Alabama Supreme Court and State Law Library Web site.
Alaska civil and criminal pattern jury instructions are freely available on the Alaska Court System Web site.
Arizona civil jury instructions are freely available on the Arizona Civil Jury Instructions Committee page, and criminal instructions are freely available on the Criminal Jury Instructions Committee page.
Arkansas civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the Arkansas Judiciary Web site.
California civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the California Judicial Branch Web site.
Colorado civil jury instructions are freely available on the Pattern Civil Jury Instructions Committee page and criminal jury instructions are freely available on the Model Criminal Jury Instructions Committee page of the Colorado Judicial Branch. That latter page also includes a link to the Colorado Criminal Reporter's Online Update, an informal publication that compiles notes about case law developments that may show up later in the state's annual updates of its criminal instructions.
Connecticut civil and criminal pattern instructions are freely available on State of Connecticut Judicial Branch Web site.
Delaware civil and criminal pattern jury instructions are freely available on the Delaware Superior Court Web site.
Florida civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the Florida Standard Jury Instructions Web site.
Georgia makes you pay for access to their Suggested Pattern Jury Instructions. They are also available on Westlaw (civil) (criminal) and LexisNexis.
Hawaii civil and criminal Standard Jury Instructions are freely available on the Circuit Court Standard Jury Instructions page on the Hawaii State Judiciary Web site.
Idaho civil and criminal jury instructions are freely available on the Idaho Supreme Court Web site.
Illinois civil and criminal Pattern Jury Instructions are freely available on the Illinois Courts Web site.
Indiana Pattern Jury Instructions are available on Westlaw (civil) (criminal) and LexisNexis.
Iowa civil and criminal jury instructions can be dowloaded for free by Iowa State Bar members.
Kansas instructions require a bar member login (civil) (criminal). They may also be accessed on Westlaw (civil) (criminal) and LexisNexis.
Kentucky civil and criminal instructions can be accessed on LexisNexis.
Louisiana jury instructions are available on Westlaw (civil) (criminal).
Maine civil and criminal are available on LexisNexis.
Maryland civil and criminal instructions are available on LexisNexis.
Massachusetts Superior Court (general jurisdiction) civil and criminal instructions and District Court (less serious felonies and misdemeanors, and civil cases up to $50,000) criminal instructions are posted on the Internet.
Michigan civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the Michigan Courts Web site.
Mississippi civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the State of Mississippi Judiciary Web site.
Missouri civil and criminal jury instructions are a "member benefit of the Missouri Bar." The civil instructions are also available on Westlaw
Minnesota civil and criminal instructions are available on Westlaw.
Montana criminal instructions are posted on the Criminal Jury Instructions Commission page of the Montana Judicial Branch Web site. The State Bar of Montana sells civil instructions.
Nebraska civil and criminal instructions may be accessed on westlaw.
Nevada civil instructions are published by the Nevada State Bar.
New Hampshire civil instructions are posted for sale on LexisNexis. Draft criminal instructions are freely available on the New Hampshire Bar Association Web page.
New Jersey civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the New Jersey Courts site.
New Mexico Uniform civil and criminal jury instructions are freely available on the New Mexico Compilation Commission Web site.
New York civil instructions are on Westlaw. Criminal instructions are freely available on the New York Courts Web site.
North Carolina civil and criminal instructions are freely available on the UNC School of Government Web site.
North Dakota civil and criminal instructions are freely available on fastcase.
Ohio civil and criminal instructions are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Oklahoma civil, criminal, and juvenile instructions are freely available on the Oklahoma State Courts Network Web site.
Oregon civil and criminal instructions are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Pennsylvania civil and criminal instructions are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Rhode Island model civil instructions are on LexisNexis.
South Carolina civil and criminal instructions are on westlaw and LexisNexis.
South Dakota pattern jury instructions appear to be out of print.
Tennessee pattern civil and criminal instructions are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Texas civil and Criminal Jury Charges are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Utah civil and criminal Model Jury Instructions are freely available on the Utah Courts Web site.
Vermont criminal jury instructions are freely available on the Vermont Bar Association Web site. The civil instructions were removed in 2021, but are available on LexisNexis.
Virginia civil and criminal Model Jury Instructions are on Westlaw and LexisNexis.
Washington pattern civil and criminal jury instructions are freely available on a Web page maintained by Thomson Reuters under contract with the Washington Supreme Court Committee on Jury Instructions.
West Virginia "Instructions for Virginia and West Virginia" are on LexisNexis. There is a set of criminal instructions authored by the West Virginia Public Defender Services and posted on the Public Defender Web site.
Wisconsin civil, criminal, and "children" jury instructions, created and edited by the Wisconsin Jury Instructions Committees of the Wisconsin Judicial Conference, are free to view on the Wisconsin State Law Library Web site.

Wyoming civil, criminal, and juvenile instructions are free to view on the Wyoming State Bar Web site.