trialdex jury instructions

Tenth Circuit's § 841(a)(1) instruction now references Ruan

The Comment to Tenth Circuit Criminal Pattern Instruction 2.85.1 (DISTRIBUTION OF A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)) now ends with "For a case in which the defendant invokes § 841(a)(1)’s authorization exception, the government 'must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant knowingly or intentionally acted in an unauthorized manner.' Ruan v. United States, 142 S.Ct. 2370, 2382 (2022); United States v. Khan, 58 F.4th 1308, 1315-17 (10th Cir. 2023).

(07/19/23) (permalink)