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CHAIN CONSPIRACY

6th Cir Criminal 14.05
CONSPIRACY TO VIOLATE THE DRUG LAWS (21 U.S.C. § 846) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 3.09
MULTIPLE CONSPIRACIES--FACTORS IN DETERMINING (wpd/docx)


CHAIN OF CAUSATION

3rd Cir Civil 4.13
Section 1983 - Malicious Prosecution (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9.1
Section 1983 - Instruction for Garner-Type Deadly Force Cases - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
5th Cir Civil 10.1
42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Unlawful Arrest- Unlawful Search-Excessive Force) (rtf)


CHAIN OF COMMAND

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 10.1
Punitive Damages
3rd Cir Civil 7.4
Employment Discrimination - Retaliation - First Amendment (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1962C-2
RICO - 'Enterprise;' Association in Fact Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1959
VIOLENT CRIMES IN AID OF RACKETEERING
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1962 § 1962(a)
RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS
5th Cir Criminal 2.78
18 U.S.C. § 1959(a) - Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering (rtf)
9th Cir Civil 7.12
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-WILLFUL AND ARBITRARY FAILURE TO PAY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.10
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FIRST AMENDMENT-PUBLIC EMPLOYEES-SPEAKING AS A PRIVATE CITIZEN (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 7.1
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Acquiring an Interest in an Enterprise by Use of Income (docx)
11th Cir Civil 7.2
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Acquiring or Maintaining an Interest in or Control of an Enterprise (docx)
11th Cir Civil 7.3
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Conduct the Affairs of the Enterprise (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O75.1
RICO - Substantive Offense - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 (docx)


CHAIN OF CUSTODY

3rd Cir Criminal 4.12
Chain of Custody (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VII.C.
Chain of Custody


CHAIN OF LOGICAL INFERENCES

3rd Cir Criminal 2.23
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.29
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)


CHAIN-SHAPED CONSPIRACIES

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.371H
Conspiracy - Single or Multiple Conspiracies (docx/wpd)


CHALKBOARD DRAWINGS

6th Cir Criminal 7.12
SUMMARIES AND OTHER MATERIALS NOT ADMITTED IN EVIDENCE (wpd/docx)


CHALLENGES FOR CAUSE

3rd Cir Criminal 1.01
Preliminary Instructions to Jury Panel (docx/wpd)
A prospective juror may be CHALLENGEd FOR CAUSE if the voir dire examination shows that he or she might be prejudiced or otherwise unable to render a fair and impartial verdict in this case
6th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE, BURDEN OF PROOF, REASONABLE DOUBT (wpd/docx)


CHAMBER PIPES

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 863
DRUG PARAPHERNALIA


CHAMBER THE NEXT ROUND

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 921
DEFINITIONS


CHAMBERS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 930
POSSESSION OF FIREARMS AND DANGEROUS WEAPONS IN FEDERAL FACILITIES


CHANCE THAT THE DEFENDANT MIGHT ESCAPE FROM PRISON OR RECEIVE A PARDON OR COMMUTATION

8th Cir Criminal 12.8
NONSTATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)


CHANDRIS, INC. V. LATSIS

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
5th Cir Civil 4.1
Seaman Status (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.22
DEFINITION: 'SEAMAN' (docx)
9th Cir Civil 6.7
FELA-PLAINTIFF'S NEGLIGENCE-REDUCTION OF DAMAGES (45 U.S.C. § 53) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 7.1
SEAMAN STATUS (wpd)


CHANGE IN DEMEANOR

3rd Cir Civil 10.1.4
Elements of an FMLA Claim - Retaliation for Opposing Actions in Violation of FMLA (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 11.1.2
Equal Pay Act - Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.1.7
Elements of a Title VII Claim - Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.1.6
Elements of a Section 1981 Claim - Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 7.4
Employment Discrimination - Retaliation - First Amendment (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.1.5
Elements of an ADEA Claim - Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.1.7
Elements of an ADA Claim - Retaliation (docx)


CHANGE IN THE EMPLOYEE'S WORKING CONDITIONS

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 6.1
Constructive Discharge
3rd Cir Civil 5.1.1
Elements of a Title VII Claim- Disparate Treatment - Mixed-Motive (docx)


CHANNEL OF ANY NAVIGABLE WATER

4th Cir Criminal 33 U.S.C. § 1319
CLEAN WATER ACT
4th Cir Criminal 33 U.S.C. §§ 401, 403, 406
RIVERS and HARBORS ACT


CHAPMAN V. CALIFORNIA

5th Cir Criminal 2.102A
26 U.S.C. § 7206(1) - False Statements on Income Tax Return (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 2.02
DEFINITION OF THE CRIME (wpd/docx)


CHAPMAN V. UNITED STATES

1st Cir Criminal 4.21.841(a)(1)A
Possession With Intent to Distribute a Controlled Substance, 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)


CHAPTER 109A

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2241
AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ABUSE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2242
SEXUAL ABUSE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2243
SEXUAL ABUSE OF A MINOR OR WARD
6th Cir Criminal 16.11
TRAVELING WITH INTENT TO ENGAGE IN ILLICIT SEXUAL CONDUCT (18 U.S.C. § 2423(b)) (wpd/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.113
DETERMINATION OF INDIAN STATUS FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED WITHIN INDIAN COUNTRY (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 3.8.15
PRIOR CONVICTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR CHILD MOLESTATION
11th Cir Criminal O79.2
Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Crossing a State Line with the Intent to Engage in a Sexual Act with Child Under 12 - 18 U.S.C. § 2241 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O79.3
Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Sexual Act with a Child Under 12 - 18 U.S.C. § 2241 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O79.4
Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Sexual Act with Child Between 12 and 16 - 18 U.S.C. § 2241 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O80
Sexual Abuse of a Minor - 18 U.S.C. § 2243 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O81.1
Abusive Sexual Contact - 18 U.S.C. § 2244 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O81.2
Abusive Sexual Contact: Sexual Contact with Child Under 12 - 18 U.S.C. §§ 2244 and 2244 (docx)


CHAPTER 13 BANKRUPTCY CASES

11th Cir Criminal O2
Concealment of Property Belonging to the Estate of a Bankruptcy Debtor - 18 U.S.C. § 152 (docx)


CHAPTER 301 AND PART C OF SUBTITLE VI OF TITLE 49

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 511
ALTERING VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
[49 U.S.C. § 32101(7)] "Identification number" means a number or symbol that is inscribed or affixed for purposes of identification [under CHAPTER 301 AND PART C OF SUBTITLE VI OF TITLE 49]


CHAPTER 705 OF TITLE 46

5th Cir Criminal 2.44
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1) - Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence (rtf)


CHAPTERS 109A, 110, OR 117

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2252A(g)
CHILD EXPLOITATION ENTERPRISE (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(g)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHARACTER AND QUALITY OF THE EVIDENCE

1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 1.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment


CHARACTER AND REPUTATION

1st Cir Criminal 2.19
Character Evidence
1st Cir Criminal 5.05
Entrapment
3rd Cir Civil 2.10
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Evidence Admitted for a Limited Purpose (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.17
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (FED. R. EVID. 404, 405 (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.04
Credibility of Witnesses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.23
Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (FED. R. EVID. 608(a)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.39
Defendant's Character Evidence (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.40
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.05
Entrapment (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VI.J.
Good Character
5th Cir Criminal 1.09
Character Evidence (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 6.03
ENTRAPMENT (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 7.09
CHARACTER AND REPUTATION OF DEFENDANT (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 3.07
CHARACTER EVIDENCE REGARDING WITNESS
7th Cir Criminal 3.08
CHARACTER EVIDENCE REGARDING DEFENDANT
8th Cir Civil 2.07
EXPLANATORY: CROSS-EXAMINATION OF PARTY'S CHARACTER WITNESS (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.2
CHARACTER AND REPUTATION, FOR TRUTHFULNESS, WITNESSES (INCLUDING THE DEFENDANT) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.5
CHARACTER OF VICTIM (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.7
CHARACTER OF WITNESS FOR TRUTHFULNESS (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 6.2
ENTRAPMENT (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.9.1
EVIDENCE OF REPUTATION FOR HONESTY
11th Cir Criminal B6.7
Impeachment of Witness Because of Bad Reputation for (or Opinion about) Truthfulness (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S12
Character Evidence (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S4.1
Similar Acts Evidence (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S4.2
Similar Acts Evidence - Identity (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal T1.1
Cautionary Instruction - Similar Acts Evidence (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal T1.2
Cautionary Instruction - Similar Acts Evidence - Identity (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.) (docx)


CHARACTER EVIDENCE REGARDING DEFENDANT

1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 7.1
Excessive Force-Punitive Damages
4th Cir Criminal VII.BB.
Rule 404(b) Evidence of Other Bad Acts
8th Cir Criminal 12.7
STATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (18 U.S.C. § 3592) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.8
NONSTATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.8
DEFENDANT'S PRIOR SIMILAR ACTS-WHERE INTRODUCED TO PROVE AN ISSUE OTHER THAN IDENTITY (FED. R. EVID. 404(B)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 17.22
COPYRIGHT-AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE-FAIR USE (17 U.S.C. § 107) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.4
CHARACTER OF DEFENDANT (wpd)


CHARACTER EVIDENCE REGARDING WITNESS

3rd Cir Criminal 4.23
Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (FED. R. EVID. 608(a)) (docx/wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.7
CHARACTER OF WITNESS FOR TRUTHFULNESS (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.13
IMPEACHMENT BY EVIDENCE OF UNTRUTHFUL CHARACTER
11th Cir Criminal B6.7
Impeachment of Witness Because of Bad Reputation for (or Opinion about) Truthfulness (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S12
Character Evidence (docx)


CHARACTER FOR TRUTHFULNESS OR UNTRUTHFULNESS

3rd Cir Civil 2.1
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Impeachment of Witness's Character for Truthfulness (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.18
Impeachment of Witness - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.19
Impeachment of Witness - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.24
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.25
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.04
Credibility of Witnesses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.23
Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (FED. R. EVID. 608(a)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.24
Impeachment of Witness - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.25
Impeachment of Witness - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.35
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.36
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
7th Cir Criminal 3.07
CHARACTER EVIDENCE REGARDING WITNESS
8th Cir Criminal 4.2
CHARACTER AND REPUTATION, FOR TRUTHFULNESS, WITNESSES (INCLUDING THE DEFENDANT) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.7
CHARACTER OF WITNESS FOR TRUTHFULNESS (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.8
IMPEACHMENT EVIDENCE-WITNESS (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.13
IMPEACHMENT BY EVIDENCE OF UNTRUTHFUL CHARACTER
11th Cir Criminal B6.7
Impeachment of Witness Because of Bad Reputation for (or Opinion about) Truthfulness (docx)


CHARACTER OF THE DEFENDANT

7th Cir Civil 12.7.1
DEFENSES - FAIR USE
9th Cir Criminal 4.4
CHARACTER OF DEFENDANT (wpd)


CHARACTER OF THE VICTIM

8th Cir Criminal 12.1
INTRODUCTION TO PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.2
CHARACTER AND REPUTATION, FOR TRUTHFULNESS, WITNESSES (INCLUDING THE DEFENDANT) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1962F
RICO-PATTERN OF RACKETEERING (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.5
CHARACTER OF VICTIM (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 6.8
SELF-DEFENSE (wpd)


CHARACTER TRAIT

3rd Cir Criminal 2.17
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (FED. R. EVID. 404, 405 (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.23
Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (FED. R. EVID. 608(a)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.39
Defendant's Character Evidence (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.40
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VI.J.
Good Character
8th Cir Civil 2.07
EXPLANATORY: CROSS-EXAMINATION OF PARTY'S CHARACTER WITNESS (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.9
MITIGATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.10
CROSS-EXAMINATION OF DEFENDANT'S CHARACTER WITNESS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.2
CHARACTER AND REPUTATION, FOR TRUTHFULNESS, WITNESSES (INCLUDING THE DEFENDANT) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.3
DEFENDANT'S CHARACTER 'STANDING ALONE' (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 17.3
COPYRIGHT-SUBJECT MATTER-GENERALLY (17 U.S.C. § 102) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.5
CHARACTER OF VICTIM (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal S12
Character Evidence (docx)


CHARACTER WITNESSES

3rd Cir Criminal 2.17
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (FED. R. EVID. 404, 405 (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.04
Credibility of Witnesses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.23
Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (FED. R. EVID. 608(a)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.39
Defendant's Character Evidence (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.40
Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VI.J.
Good Character
7th Cir Civil 2.10
CROSS-EXAMINATION OF CHARACTER WITNESS
8th Cir Civil 2.07
EXPLANATORY: CROSS-EXAMINATION OF PARTY'S CHARACTER WITNESS (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.10
CROSS-EXAMINATION OF DEFENDANT'S CHARACTER WITNESS (wpd/doc/docx)


CHARACTERISTICS OF A FIREARM

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(o)
Possession of Machineguns, 18 U.S.C. § 922(o)
essential CHARACTERISTICs of the FIREARM which made it a machine gun
1st Cir Criminal 4.26.5861(d)
Possession of an Unregistered Firearm, 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.00
General Introduction to Mental State Instructions (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.922G-4
Firearm Offenses - Knowing Possession Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
Possession of an Unregistered Firearm (26 U.S.C. § 5861) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861
NATIONAL FIREARMS ACT
5th Cir Criminal 2.100
26 U.S.C. § 5861(d) - Receiving or Possessing Unregistered Firearms (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
RECEIVING OR POSSESSING AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(h)
RECEIPT OR POSSESSION OF A FIREARM WITH AN OBLITERATED, REMOVED, CHANGED, OR ALTERED SERIAL NUMBER - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(j)
TRANSPORTING, DELIVERING OR RECEIVING AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.924C
FIREARMS-POSSESSION IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE/ DRUG TRAFFICKING OFFENSE (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
FIREARMS--POSSESSION OF UNREGISTERED FIREARMS (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 9.34
FIREARMS-POSSESSION OF UNREGISTERED FIREARM (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.91
POSSESSION OF AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d))
11th Cir Criminal O106.1
Possession of Unregistered Firearm 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O34.1
Dealing in Firearms without a License - 18 U.S.C. § 922(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O34.8
Possession of a Machine Gun - 18 U.S.C. § 922 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.2
Using or Carrying a Firearm During a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.3
Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.4
Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)


CHARACTERISTICS OF THE WEAPON

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(o)
Possession of Machineguns, 18 U.S.C. § 922(o)
knowledge of the CHARACTERISTICS that made the WEAPON a machinegun
1st Cir Criminal 4.26.5861(d)
Possession of an Unregistered Firearm, 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.00
General Introduction to Mental State Instructions (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
Possession of an Unregistered Firearm (26 U.S.C. § 5861) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861
NATIONAL FIREARMS ACT
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
RECEIVING OR POSSESSING AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(h)
RECEIPT OR POSSESSION OF A FIREARM WITH AN OBLITERATED, REMOVED, CHANGED, OR ALTERED SERIAL NUMBER - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 5861(j)
TRANSPORTING, DELIVERING OR RECEIVING AN UNREGISTERED FIREARM - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.924C
FIREARMS-POSSESSION IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE/ DRUG TRAFFICKING OFFENSE (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
FIREARMS--POSSESSION OF UNREGISTERED FIREARMS (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 7.3
KNOWINGLY [No instruction recommended.] (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O106.1
Possession of Unregistered Firearm 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.2
Using or Carrying a Firearm During a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.3
Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.4
Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)


CHARACTERISTICS THAT BROUGHT IT WITHIN THE STATUTORY DEFINITION OF A FIREARM

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(o)
Possession of Machineguns, 18 U.S.C. § 922(o)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.922G-4
Firearm Offenses - Knowing Possession Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
Possession of an Unregistered Firearm (26 U.S.C. § 5861) (docx/wpd)
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.5861
FIREARMS--POSSESSION OF UNREGISTERED FIREARMS (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHARGE AGAINST DEFENDANT IS NOT EVIDENCE

1st Cir Criminal 1.02
Nature of Indictment; Presumption of Innocence
3rd Cir Criminal 1.14
Separate Consideration - Single Defendant Charged with Multiple Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 1.16
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with the Same Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 1.17
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with Different Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.12
Separate Consideration - Single Defendant Charged with Multiple Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.14
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with the Same Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.15
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with Different Offenses (docx/wpd)
5th Cir Criminal 1.05
Presumption of Innocence, Burden of Proof, Reasonable Doubt (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.15
Accomplice-Co-Defendant-Plea Agreement (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 1.03
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE, BURDEN OF PROOF, REASONABLE DOUBT (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 3.06
IMPEACHMENT BY PRIOR CONVICTION
7th Cir Criminal 4.06
SEPARATE CONSIDERATION - ONE DEFENDANT CHARGED WITH MULTIPLE CRIMES
8th Cir Criminal 3.5
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGE; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE; BURDEN OF PROOF (SINGLE DEFENDANT, SINGLE COUNT) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.6
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE; BURDEN OF PROOF (SINGLE DEFENDANT, MULTIPLE COUNTS) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.7
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.8
DESCRIPTION OF CHARGES; INDICTMENT NOT EVIDENCE; PRESUMPTION (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 3.2
CHARGE AGAINST DEFENDANT NOT EVIDENCE-PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE-BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.1
PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE TRIAL
10th Cir Criminal 1.15
ACCOMPLICE-CO-DEFENDANT-PLEA AGREEMENT


CHARGED AS A SINGLE OFFENSE

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2314
INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2314) (FIRST PARAGRAPH) (wpd/doc/docx)
Separate transactions under $5,000 may be aggregated for the purpose of meeting the $5,000 limit of 18 U.S.C. § 2314 provided they are substantially related and CHARGED AS A SINGLE OFFENSE
10th Cir Criminal 2.82
INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2314) (First Paragraph)
10th Cir Criminal 2.83
SALE OR RECEIPT OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2315) (First Paragraph)


CHARGED AS SEPARATE COUNT IN INDICTMENT

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1028A
Aggravated Identity Theft, 18 U.S.C. § 1028A
The predicate offense need not be CHARGEd in a SEPARATE COUNT
3rd Cir Criminal 1.14
Separate Consideration - Single Defendant Charged with Multiple Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 1.16
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with the Same Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.12
Separate Consideration - Single Defendant Charged with Multiple Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.14
Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with the Same Offenses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1347
Health Care Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1347) (docx/wpd)
Of course, although the crime of health care fraud is complete upon the execution of a scheme, any scheme can be executed a number of times, and each execution may be CHARGEd as a SEPARATE COUNT
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924A
Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924B
Using or Carrying a Firearm During Any Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1031
MAJOR FRAUD AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
[A]ny scheme can be executed a number of times, and each execution may be CHARGEd as a SEPARATE COUNT
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1347
HEALTH CARE FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY THREATS OR VIOLENCE (HOBBS ACT)
4th Cir Criminal VIII.L.
Multiplicitous
An indictment is multiplicitous when it CHARGEs a single offense multiple times, in SEPARATE COUNTs, when, in law and fact, only one crime has been committed
5th Cir Criminal 2.78
18 U.S.C. § 1959(a) - Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.79
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) - Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1347
HEALTH CARE FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1347) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1962A
RICO-PARTICIPATION IN THE AFFAIRS THROUGH A PATTERN OF RACKETEERING ACTIVITY (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.155
RICO-RACKETEERING ACT-CHARGED AS SEPARATE COUNT IN INDICTMENT (18 U.S.C. § 1961(1)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.156
RICO-RACKETEERING ACT-NOT CHARGED AS SEPARATE COUNT IN INDICTMENT (18 U.S.C. § 1961(1)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.158
RICO-USING OR INVESTING INCOME FROM RACKETEERING ACTIVITY (18 U.S.C. § 1962(a)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.159
RICO-ACQUIRING INTEREST IN ENTERPRISE (18 U.S.C. § 1962(b)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.160
RICO-CONDUCTING AFFAIRS OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE OR UNION (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.161
CONDUCTING AFFAIRS OF ASSOCIATION-IN-FACT (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)) (wpd)


CHARGED ONLY AS THE PRINCIPAL

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2
AIDING AND ABETTING
It is of no consequence that in the indictment the defendant was CHARGED ONLY AS THE PRINCIPAL and not as an aider or abettor


CHARGED WITH THE CONTROL OR CUSTODY OF THE PROPERTY

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.152(1)
Bankruptcy - Fraudulent Concealment of Assets - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 152(1)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 152
BANKRUPTCY FRAUD
5th Cir Criminal 2.08A
18 U.S.C. § 152 (First Paragraph) - Bankruptcy: Concealment of Assets (Bankruptcy Proceeding Pending) (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 152(1)
CONCEALMENT OF PROPERTY - ELEMENTS
10th Cir Criminal 2.10
BANKRUPTCY FRAUD (PROPERTY CONCEALMENT)


CHARGES A SINGLE OFFENSE MULTIPLE TIMES

4th Cir Criminal VIII.L.
Multiplicitous


CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS

3rd Cir Criminal 5.06
Willful Blindness [Deliberate Ignorance] (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-2
Tax Evasion - Computation of Tax Deficiency (docx/wpd)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2325
DEFINITION OF TELEMARKETING APPLICABLE TO ENHANCED PENALTIES UNDER 18 U.S.C. § 2326


CHARMS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2320
TRAFFICKING IN COUNTERFEIT GOODS
5th Cir Criminal 2.90B
18 U.S.C. § 2320(a)(2) - Trafficking in Goods or Services Bearing a Counterfeit Mark Likely to Cause Confusion, Mistake, or Deception (rtf)


CHARTERED BY THE UNITED STATES

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1344
Bank Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (docx/wpd)


CHARTERERS

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
CHARTERERs and captains of fishing vessels
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)


CHARTS

3rd Cir Civil 2.7
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Charts and Summaries in Evidence (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 2.8
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Charts and Summaries Not Admitted in Evidence (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.10
Summaries - Underlying Evidence Admitted (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.11
Summaries - Underlying Evidence Not Admitted (FED. R. EVID. 1006) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VII.DD.
Summary Charts (Rule 1006)
5th Cir Civil 2.7
Charts and Summaries (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.43
Summaries and Charts not Received in Evidence (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.44
Summaries and Charts Received in Evidence (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 7.12
SUMMARIES AND OTHER MATERIALS NOT ADMITTED IN EVIDENCE (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 7.12A
SECONDARY-EVIDENCE SUMMARIES ADMITTED IN EVIDENCE (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil 1.23
SUMMARIES
7th Cir Criminal 3.16
SUMMARIES RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE
7th Cir Criminal 3.17
DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES/CHARTS NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE
8th Cir Civil 2.11
EXPLANATORY: DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED AS EVIDENCE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 2.12
EXPLANATORY: RULE 1006 SUMMARIES (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.11
DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.12
RULE 1006 SUMMARIES (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 2.14
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 2.15
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 2.16
EVIDENCE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.16
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.17
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.41
SUMMARIES AND CHARTS (Not Received in Evidence)


CHARTS AND SUMMARIES ARE NOT EVIDENCE

3rd Cir Civil 2.7
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Charts and Summaries in Evidence (docx)
5th Cir Civil 2.7
Charts and Summaries (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 1.23
SUMMARIES
10th Cir Criminal 1.41
SUMMARIES AND CHARTS (Not Received in Evidence)


CHARTS AND SUMMARIES IN PLACE OF THE UNDERLYING DOCUMENTS

3rd Cir Civil 2.7
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Charts and Summaries in Evidence (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.10
Summaries - Underlying Evidence Admitted (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.11
Summaries - Underlying Evidence Not Admitted (FED. R. EVID. 1006) (docx/wpd)
You may use those (CHARTS)(summaries) as evidence, even though the UNDERLYING documents and records have not been admitted into evidence
7th Cir Civil 1.23
SUMMARIES
7th Cir Criminal 3.16
SUMMARIES RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE
7th Cir Criminal 3.17
DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES/CHARTS NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE
8th Cir Civil 2.11
EXPLANATORY: DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED AS EVIDENCE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 2.12
EXPLANATORY: RULE 1006 SUMMARIES (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.11
DEMONSTRATIVE SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 4.12
RULE 1006 SUMMARIES (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 2.14
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.16
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.17
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.41
SUMMARIES AND CHARTS (Not Received in Evidence)


CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT ADMITTED OR RECEIVED INTO EVIDENCE

3rd Cir Civil 2.8
General Instructions For Use During Trial - Charts and Summaries Not Admitted in Evidence (docx)
5th Cir Criminal 1.43
Summaries and Charts not Received in Evidence (rtf)
9th Cir Civil 2.14
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT RECEIVED IN EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.16
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES NOT ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.17
CHARTS AND SUMMARIES ADMITTED INTO EVIDENCE (wpd)


CHATTELS

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.659A
Theft from Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. § 659) (First Paragraph) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.659B
Possession of Property Stolen from an Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. § 659) (Second Paragraph) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 659
THEFT FROM AN INTERSTATE SHIPMENT
5th Cir Criminal 2.24A
18 U.S.C. § 545 - Smuggling (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.24B
18 U.S.C. § 545 (Second Paragraph) - Illegal Importation of Merchandise (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.26
18 U.S.C. § 554 - Smuggling Goods From the United States (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 659
EMBEZZLEMENT OR THEFT OF GOODS FROM INTERSTATE SHIPMENT - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 659
POSSESSION OF GOODS STOLEN FROM INTERSTATE SHIPMENT - ELEMENTS
9th Cir Criminal 8.35A
SMUGGLING OR ATTEMPTING TO SMUGGLE GOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES (18 U.S.C. § 554) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.33
THEFT FROM INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN SHIPMENT (18 U.S.C. § 659) (Paragraph One)
11th Cir Criminal O23.1
Theft from an Interstate Shipment - 18 U.S.C. § 659 (First Paragraph) (docx)


CHATWIN V. UNITED STATES

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1201
KIDNAPPING
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1201
KIDNAPPING (18 U.S.C. § 1201(A)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS & HELPERS LOCAL NO. 391 V. TERRY

3rd Cir Civil 7.5
Section 1983 - Employment - Damages (docx)
9th Cir Civil 13.1
EMPLOYEE CLAIM AGAINST UNION AND/OR EMPLOYER-LABOR MANAGEMENT RELATIONS ACT (LMRA) § 301 (29 U.S.C. § 185) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.17
Employee Claim against Employer and Union (Vaca v. Sipes) (docx)


CHEAT THE GOVERNMENT OUT OF PROPERTY OR MONEY

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 371
CONSPIRACY
11th Cir Criminal O13.6
Conspiracy to Defraud the United States - 18 U.S.C. § 371 (Second Clause) (docx)


CHECK KITING

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1341-4
Mail or Wire Fraud - 'Intent to Defraud' Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1341
MAIL FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1343
WIRE FRAUD
6th Cir Criminal 10.03A
BANK FRAUD - Scheme to Defraud a Bank (18 U.S.C. § 1344(1)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344
SCHEME - DEFINITION
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1344
BANK FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1347
HEALTH CARE FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1347) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.656
EMBEZZLEMENT AND MISAPPLICATION OF BANK FUNDS (18 U.S.C. § 656) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHECK-ROLLING

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1005
FALSE ENTRY IN BANK RECORDS (18 U.S.C. § 1005) (THIRD PARAGRAPH) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHECKPOINT SEARCHES

5th Cir Criminal 2.74
18 U.S.C. § 1952(a) - Interstate and Foreign Travel or Transportation in Aid of Racketeering Enterprises (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 6.49.46505(b)
ATTEMPTING TO BOARD AIRCRAFT WITH CONCEALED WEAPON OR EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (49 U.S.C. § 46505) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.19
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PROPERTY-EXCEPTIONS TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT (wpd)


CHEEK V. UNITED STATES

1st Cir Criminal
AFTERWORD: HOW TO DRAFT A CHARGE
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)
1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
1st Cir Criminal 5.02
Mental State That Is Inconsistent with the Requisite Culpable State of Mind
3rd Cir Criminal 5.05
Willfully (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.07
Good Faith Defense (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.371J-1
Conspiracy - Withdrawal Before the Commission of an Overt Act as a Defense to Conspiracy (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-4
Tax Evasion - Willfully Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 228
FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT
4th Cir Criminal 22 U.S.C. § 2778
CONTROL OF ARMS EXPORTS AND IMPORTS
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 6050I
CASH TRANSACTION REPORTS
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7202
FAILURE TO COLLECT OR PAY TAX
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7203
FAILURE TO FILE RETURN
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7206
FILING FALSE TAX RETURN
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7212(a)
INTERFERING WITH ADMINISTRATION OF TAX LAWS
4th Cir Criminal 42 U.S.C. § 1973i
VOTING FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal V.FF.
Willfulness - Specific Intent
4th Cir Criminal VI.K.
Good Faith
5th Cir Criminal 1.38
'Willfully'-To Act (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.101
26 U.S.C. § 7201 - Tax Evasion (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.102A
26 U.S.C. § 7206(1) - False Statements on Income Tax Return (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 2.07
SPECIFIC INTENT (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7212
GOOD FAITH
7th Cir Criminal 6.11
GOOD FAITH: TAX AND OTHER TECHNICAL STATUTE CASES
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1956A
MONEY LAUNDERING-FINANCIAL TRANSACTION TO PROMOTE SPECIFIED UNLAWFUL ACTIVITY (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(i)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.228
FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATION (18 U.S.C. § 228) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7202
FAILURE TO COLLECT, ACCOUNT TRUTHFULLY FOR, OR PAY OVER EMPLOYMENT TAXES (26 U.S.C. § 7202) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 7.2
WILLFULLY (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.8B
GOOD FAITH (TAX CASES) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 9.42
WILLFULLY-DEFINED (26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206, 7207) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.38
WILLFULLY-TO ACT
10th Cir Criminal 2.92
TAX EVASION (26 U.S.C. § 7201)
10th Cir Criminal 2.93
FALSE STATEMENTS ON INCOME TAX RETURN (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1))
11th Cir Criminal B9.1A
On or About; Knowingly; Willfully - Generally (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O107.1
Tax Evasion: General Charge - 26 U.S.C. § 7201 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal S18
Good-Faith Reliance upon Advice of Counsel (docx)


CHEFF V. SCHNACKENBERG

7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 401
CRIMINAL CONTEMPT


CHEFS

8th Cir Civil 16.62
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: LEARNED PROFESSIONAL EXEMPTION (docx)


CHEMICAL & ALKALI WORKERS V. PITTSBURGH PLATE GLASS CO.

3rd Cir Civil 5.1.1
Elements of a Title VII Claim- Disparate Treatment - Mixed-Motive (docx)


CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

8th Cir Civil 16.62
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: LEARNED PROFESSIONAL EXEMPTION (docx)


CHEMICAL COMPOUND

5th Cir Criminal 2.36A
18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(1) - Dealing in Explosive Materials Without License (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.36B
18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(2) - False Statements in Connection with Explosive Materials (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.36C
18 U.S.C. § 842(d) - Unlawful Distribution of Explosive Materials (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.36D
18 U.S.C. § 842(i)(1) - Possession of Explosives by a Prohibited Person (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.844
ARSON OF PROPERTY USED IN OR AFFECTING INTERSTATE COMMERCE (NO PERSONAL INJURY INVOLVED) (18 U.S.C. § 844(i)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHEMICAL MACE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 229
CHEMICAL WEAPONS


CHEMICAL REACTANTS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 229
CHEMICAL WEAPONS


CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 841
DISTRIBUTION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.841D
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES - POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE (21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32), 813, and 841(a)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.85.2
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUES POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))


CHEMICAL STRUCTURE THAT IS SUBSTANTIALLY SIMILAR

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 841
DISTRIBUTION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.841D
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES - POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE (21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32), 813, and 841(a)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.85.2
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUES POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))


CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS

1st Cir Criminal 4.21.841(a)(1)C
Manufacture of a Controlled Substance, 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 802(15)
6th Cir Criminal 14.03
MANUFACTURE OF A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)) (wpd/docx)


CHEMICAL SYSTEM

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 229
CHEMICAL WEAPONS


CHEMICAL WASTE

4th Cir Criminal 33 U.S.C. § 1319
CLEAN WATER ACT
4th Cir Criminal 42 U.S.C. § 6928
RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA)- HAZARDOUS WASTE
8th Cir Criminal 6.33.1311(A)
Knowing Discharge of Pollutant in Violation of the Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. § 1311) (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O113
Knowing Discharge of a Pollutant in Violation of the Clean Water Act - 33 U.S.C. § 1311, 33 U.S.C. § 1319(A) (docx)


CHEMICAL WEAPONS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 229
CHEMICAL WEAPONS
11th Cir Criminal O84
Transportation of Explosive, Biological, Chemical or Radioactive or Nuclear Materials - 18 U.S.C. § 2283 (docx)


CHEMOTHERAPY

8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)


CHESAPEAKE & OHIO R. CO. V. KELLY

8th Cir Civil 15.71
DAMAGES: DEATH OF EMPLOYEE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 15.72
DAMAGES: PRESENT VALUE OF FUTURE LOSS (docx)


CHESAPEAKE & OHIO RY. CO. V. SCHWALB

5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)


CHEVRON DEFERENCE

3rd Cir Civil 10.1.2
Elements of an FMLA Claim - Discrimination - Mixed-Motive (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.00
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)


CHEVRON U.S.A., INC. V. NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL, INC.

8th Cir Civil 16.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)


CHEVRON U.S.A., INC., V. ECHAZABAL

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 1.1
General Discrimination: Pretext
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 1.2
General Discrimination: Mixed Motive
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 3.2
Reasonable Accommodation
3rd Cir Civil 9.1.1
Elements of an ADA Claim- Disparate Treatment - Mixed-Motive (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.1.2
Elements of an ADA Claim - Disparate Treatment - Pretext (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.1.3
Elements of an ADA Claim - Reasonable Accommodation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.3.1
ADA Defenses - Direct Threat (docx)
7th Cir Civil 4.10
DIRECT THREAT DEFENSE
8th Cir Civil 9.00
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.61
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: 'DIRECT THREAT' - STATUTORY DEFENSE (docx)
9th Cir Civil 12.
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT-Introductory Comment (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 12.10
ADA-DEFENSES-BUSINESS NECESSITY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 12.11
ADA-DEFENSES-DIRECT THREAT (wpd)


CHIARELLA V. UNITED STATES

4th Cir Criminal 15 U.S.C. § 77q
SECURITIES FRAUD
9th Cir Civil 18.1
SECURITIES-DEFINITION OF RECURRING TERMS (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.9
SECURITIES FRAUD (15 U.S.C. §§ 78j(b), 78ff; 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 6.1
Securities Exchange Act 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Device, Scheme, or Artifice to Defraud (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.1
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. §§ 10 and 20A - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - Private-Plaintiff Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 10 - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - SEC Version (docx)


CHICAGO STOCK EXCHANGE

8th Cir Criminal 6.15.77q(a) AND 78j(b)
SECURITIES FRAUD (15 U.S.C. § 77Q(a), 15 U.S.C. § 78J(b), AND 17 C.F.R. (wpd/doc/docx)


CHICANERY

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1031
MAJOR FRAUD AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1341
MAIL FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1343
WIRE FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344
BANK FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1347
HEALTH CARE FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1348
SECURITIES AND COMMODITIES FRAUD


CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION

10th Cir Criminal 3.8.14
HIGH PUBLIC OFFICIALS


CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1350
CERTIFYING FALSE FINANCIAL REPORTS (SARBANES-OXLEY ACT)
10th Cir Criminal 3.8.14
HIGH PUBLIC OFFICIALS


CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICERS

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1350
CERTIFYING FALSE FINANCIAL REPORTS (SARBANES-OXLEY ACT)


CHIEF OF STATE

8th Cir Criminal 12.7N
COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE AGAINST A HIGH PUBLIC OFFICIAL (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(14)) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 3.8.14
HIGH PUBLIC OFFICIALS


CHILD ABUSE

3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.16
Section 1983 - Duty to Protect Child in Foster Care (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1111
MURDER
5th Cir Criminal 2.52A
18 U.S.C. § 1111 - Murder (First Degree) (rtf)
11th Cir Criminal O45.2
First Degree Murder: Felony Murder - 18 U.S.C. § 1111 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O45.3
Second-Degree Murder - 18 U.S.C. § 1111 (docx)


CHILD ADVOCACY UNITS

3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)


CHILD CARE

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.922(g)(9)
Possession of a Firearm By a Person Previously Convicted of a Misdemeanor Crime Of Domestic Violence, 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9)
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.3
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Attack (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.19
Interference With FMLA Leave (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 14.27
DEFINITION: 'QUALIFYING EXIGENCY' (docx)


CHILD CARE WORKERS

3rd Cir Civil 4.11.3
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Attack (docx)


CHILD COMPETENCY

3rd Cir Criminal 4.17
Child Witness (docx/wpd)
A CHILD is not rendered inCOMPETENt to testify merely because of age
6th Cir Criminal 7.10
AGE OF WITNESS (wpd/docx)


CHILD CUSTODY

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2261
INTERSTATE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2262
INTERSTATE VIOLATION OF PROTECTION ORDER


CHILD EXPLOITATION

6th Cir Criminal 16.00
CHILD EXPLOITATION OFFENSES (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2252A(g)
CHILD EXPLOITATION ENTERPRISE (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(g)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHILD EXPLOITATION ENTERPRISE

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2252A(g)
CHILD EXPLOITATION ENTERPRISE (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(g)) (wpd/doc/docx)


CHILD MOLESTING

3rd Cir Criminal 2.23
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.29
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
7th Cir Criminal 3.11
EVIDENCE OF OTHER ACTS BY DEFENDANT
8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7O
DEFENDANT'S PREVIOUS CONVICTION FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT, CHILD MOLESTATION (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(15)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.8
DEFENDANT'S PRIOR SIMILAR ACTS-WHERE INTRODUCED TO PROVE AN ISSUE OTHER THAN IDENTITY (FED. R. EVID. 404(B)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.8A
DEFENDANT'S PRIOR SIMILAR ACTS IN SEXUAL ASSAULT AND CHILD MOLESTATION CASES (FED. R. EVID. 413 AND 414) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.9
DEFENDANT'S PRIOR SIMILAR ACTS- WHERE INTRODUCED TO PROVE IDENTITY (FED. R. EVID. 404(B)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 2.12
SIMILAR ACTS IN SEXUAL ASSAULT AND CHILD MOLESTATION CASES (Fed. R. Evid. 413 and 414) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.3
OTHER CRIMES, WRONGS OR ACTS OF DEFENDANT (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 3.8.15
PRIOR CONVICTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR CHILD MOLESTATION


CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2252
Possession of Child Pornography, 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2422(b)
Coercion and Enticement, 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)
3rd Cir Civil 4.12.3
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Warrant Application (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 7.01
Attempt (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.05
Entrapment (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1466A
OBSCENE VISUAL REPRESENTATIONS OF SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251A
SELLING OR BUYING CHILDREN FOR SEX
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MINORS
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A
CHILD PORNOGRAPHY
4th Cir Criminal VIII.S.
Unlawfully
5th Cir Criminal 2.84
18 U.S.C. § 2251(a) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Producing Child Pornography (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85A
18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(2) - Sexual Exploitation and Other Abuses of Children-Receiving and Distributing Material Involving Sexual Exploitation of Minors (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85B
18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Possession of Child Pornography (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85C
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1) - (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Transporting or Shipping of Child Pornography (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85D
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Receiving or Distributing Child Pornogrophy (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85E
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(B) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Receiving or Distributing Material that Contains Child Pornography (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.85F
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B) - Sexual Exploitation of Children-Possessing or Accessing Child Pornography (Visual Depiction of an Actual Minor) (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 16.00
CHILD EXPLOITATION OFFENSES (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.04
MATERIAL INVOLVING THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MINORS: TRANSPORTING OR SHIPPING A VISUAL DEPICTION (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(1)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.05
MATERIAL INVOLVING THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MINORS: RECEIVING, DISTRIBUTING, OR REPRODUCING FOR DISTRIBUTION A VISUAL DEPICTION (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(2)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.06
MATERIAL INVOLVING THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF MINORS: POSSESSING A VISUAL DEPICTION (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.07
RECEIVING OR DISTRIBUTING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.08
POSSESSING OR ACCESSING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 16.09
COERCION AND ENTICEMENT: PERSUADING A MINOR TO ENGAGE IN PROSTITUTION OR UNLAWFUL SEXUAL ACTIVITY (18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)
SELLING OF CHILDREN - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251(d)
PUBLISHING OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2251A(b)
PURCHASING OR OBTAINING CHILDREN
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1)
MAILING, TRANSPORTING OR SHIPPING MATERIAL CONTAINING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A)
RECEIPT OR DISTRIBUTION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(B)
RECEIPT OR DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIAL CONTAINING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(3)(A)
REPRODUCTION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY FOR DISTRIBUTION - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(4)(A)
SALE OR POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO SELL OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY IN U.S. TERRITORY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(4)(B)
SALE OR POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO SELL OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(A)
POSSESSION OF OR ACCESS WITH INTENT TO VIEW CHILD PORNOGRAPHY IN U.S. TERRITORY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)
POSSESSION OF OR ACCESS WITH INTENT TO VIEW CHILD PORNOGRAPHY IN INTERSTATE COMMERCE - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(7)
PRODUCTION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE AND DISTRIBUTION OF ADAPTED CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(d)
AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE TO CHARGE UNDER 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2256(8)
CHILD PORNOGRAPHY - DEFINED
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2256(9) - 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(C)
AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE TO CHARGES UNDER 18 U.S.C. §§ 2252A(A)(1), (A)(2), (A)(3)(A), (A)(4) OR (A)(5)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 2252A(a)(6)(A), (B) AND (C)
PROVIDING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY TO A MINOR - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2251(a)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF A CHILD BY A PERSON OTHER THAN PARENT OR GUARDIAN (18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2251(b)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF A CHILD BY A PARENT OR GUARDIAN (18 U.S.C. § 2251(b)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2251(c)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF A CHILD OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES (18 U.S.C. § 2251(c)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2251(d)(1)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF A CHILD-NOTICE OR ADVERTISEMENT TO ACQUIRE (18 U.S.C. § 2251(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2251(d)(2)
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF A CHILD-NOTICE OR ADVERTISEMENTS TO FURNISH (18 U.S.C. § 2251(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2252
RECEIPT, POSSESSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIAL CONTAINING CHILD PORNOGRAPHY (18 U.S.C. §§ 2252A(a)(2)(A) AND (B) AND (a)(5)(B)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2252A(g)
CHILD EXPLOITATION ENTERPRISE (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(g)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.181
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD (18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.182
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD-PERMITTING OR ASSISTING BY PARENT OR GUARDIAN (18 U.S.C. § 2251(b)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.183
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD-NOTICE OR ADVERTISEMENT SEEKING OR OFFERING (18 U.S.C. § 2251(d)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.184
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD-TRANSPORTATION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(1)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.185
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILD-POSSESSION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.193A
ENGAGING IN ILLICIT SEXUAL CONDUCT ABROAD (18 U.S.C. § 2423(c)) (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal O82
Sexual Exploitation of Children - Producing Child Pornography - 18 U.S.C. § 2251 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O83.3A
Child Pornography - Transporting or Shipping (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) - 18 U.S.C. § 2252A (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O83.3B
Child Pornography - Transporting or Shipping (Computer or Digital Image that Appears Indistinguishable from Actual Minor but may not be of an Actual Person) - 18 U.S.C. § 2252A (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O83.4A
Child Pornography - Receiving, Possessing, Distributing (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) - 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(A) and (B) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O83.4B
Child Pornography - Receiving, Possessing, Distributing (Computer or Digital Image that Appears Indistinguishable from Actual Minor but may not be of an Actual Person) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(A) and (B) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O92.1
Inducement of Juvenile to Travel to Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity - 18 U.S.C. § 2422 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O92.3
Attempted Coercion and Enticement of a Minor to Engage in Sexual Activity - 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal T6
Forfeiture Proceedings (To be given before supplemental evidentiary proceedings or supplemental arguments of counsel) (docx)


CHILD PORNOGRAPHY PREVENTION ACT OF 1996

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1466A
OBSCENE VISUAL REPRESENTATIONS OF SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN
the Supreme Court struck down provisions of the CHILD PORNOGRAPHY PREVENTION ACT of 1996 as unconstitutionally overbroad
6th Cir Criminal 16.00
CHILD EXPLOITATION OFFENSES (wpd/docx)
In Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, 535 U.S. 234 (2002), the Court held that the CHILD PORNOGRAPHY PREVENTION ACT of 1996 was overbroad and unconstitutional under the First Amendment


CHILD PROTECTION CASEWORKERS

3rd Cir Civil 4.7.2
Section 1983 - Affirmative Defenses - Qualified Immunity (docx)


CHILD SUPPORT

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 228
FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.228
FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATION (18 U.S.C. § 228) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 7.2
WILLFULLY (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.6
INTOXICATION; DRUG USE (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O7
Failure to Pay Child Support - 18 U.S.C. § 228 (docx)


CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)


CHILD VICTIMS' AND CHILD WITNESSES' RIGHTS ACT

6th Cir Criminal 7.10
AGE OF WITNESS (wpd/docx)


CHILD WELFARE WORKERS

3rd Cir Civil 4.16
Section 1983 - Duty to Protect Child in Foster Care (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.7.1
Section 1983 - Affirmative Defenses - Conduct Not Covered by Absolute Immunity (docx)


CHILD WHO LIVES OR RESIDES IN ANOTHER STATE

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.228(a)(1), (3)
Willful Failure to Pay Child Support, 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(1), (3)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 228
FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT
11th Cir Criminal O7
Failure to Pay Child Support - 18 U.S.C. § 228 (docx)


CHILD WITNESSES

3rd Cir Criminal 3.04
Credibility of Witnesses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.17
Child Witness (docx/wpd)
6th Cir Criminal 7.10
AGE OF WITNESS (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Civil 3.03
EXPLANATORY: CREDIBILITY OF WITNESSES (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 1.5
CREDIBILITY OF WITNESSES (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 3.4
CREDIBILITY OF WITNESSES (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.12
CHILD WITNESS (wpd)


CHILD'S ATTORNEY

3rd Cir Criminal 4.17
Child Witness (docx/wpd)


CHILDBIRTH

3rd Cir Civil 5.00
Title VII Introductory Instruction (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)


CHILDHOOD ABUSE

8th Cir Criminal 12.9
MITIGATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)


CHILDREN ARE NOT TO BE INCLUDED FOR THESE PURPOSES AS PART OF THE COMMUNITY

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1470
Transfer of Obscene Materials to Minors, 18 U.S.C. § 1470


CHILL FREE SPEECH

3rd Cir Civil 4.4
Section 1983 - Action under Color of State Law (docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.11
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FIRST AMENDMENT-'CITIZEN' PLAINTIFF (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.9
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FIRST AMENDMENT-PUBLIC EMPLOYEES-SPEECH (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.1
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Free Speech on Matter of Public Concern (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.2
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Political Disloyalty or Key Employee (docx)


CHILL PROTECTED ACTIVITY

9th Cir Civil 9.11
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FIRST AMENDMENT-'CITIZEN' PLAINTIFF (wpd)


CHILLERS

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 863
DRUG PARAPHERNALIA


CHILLUMS

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 863
DRUG PARAPHERNALIA


CHIMEL V. CALIFORNIA

9th Cir Civil 9.13
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST (wpd)


CHIROPRACTORS

8th Cir Civil 14.23
DEFINITION: 'HEALTH CARE PROVIDER' (docx)


CHOICE BY POLICYMAKING OFFICIAL

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.5
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - Choice by Policymaking Official (docx)


CHOICE NOT TO TESTIFY OR PRESENT EVIDENCE

3rd Cir Criminal 3.04
Credibility of Witnesses (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.27
Defendant's Choice not to Testify or Present Evidence (docx/wpd)


CHOICE OF EVILS

3rd Cir Criminal 8.03
Duress [Coercion] (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 751
ESCAPE
4th Cir Criminal VI.P.
Necessity
6th Cir Criminal 6.07
JUSTIFICATION (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.2
COERCION OR DURESS (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 6.6
NECESSITY (LEGAL EXCUSE) (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal S16
Duress and Coercion (Justification or Necessity) (docx)


CHOICE TO WALK AWAY

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 3.2
Reasonable Accommodation
permission to WALK AWAY from any stressful conflict
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.02(a)
Aid and Abet, 18 U.S.C. § 2(a)
"Advance knowledge" means knowledge at a time the defendant can opt to WALK AWAY
3rd Cir Civil 4.12
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure (docx)
[W]henever a police officer accosts an individual and restrains his freedom to WALK AWAY, he has 'seized' that person
5th Cir Criminal 2.04
18 U.S.C. § 2 - Aiding and Abetting (Agency) (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.44
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1) - Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence (rtf)
"Advance knowledge" means "knowledge at a time the accomplice can do something with it - most notably, opt to WALK AWAY
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
DEFINITION OF 'ADVANCE KNOWLEDGE'
8th Cir Criminal 5.1
AIDING AND ABETTING (18 U.S.C. § 2(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 5.1
AIDING AND ABETTING (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal O35.6
Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying a Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.7
Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.9
Discharge of Firearm - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (docx)


CHOOSE BETWEEN EFFECTIVE ACCOMMODATIONS

8th Cir Civil 9.00
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.42
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION (Specific Accommodation Identified) (docx)


CHOREOGRAPHIC WORK

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2319
COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT (17 U.S.C. § 506)
9th Cir Civil 17.1
PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTION-COPYRIGHT (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 17.2
COPYRIGHT-DEFINED (17 U.S.C. § 106) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 17.3
COPYRIGHT-SUBJECT MATTER-GENERALLY (17 U.S.C. § 102) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 1.6.1
COPYRIGHT - - Preliminary Instructions (docx)
11th Cir Civil 1.6.2
Overview of Copyrights (docx)


CHOSEN TO RETIRE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages


CHRISTENSEN V. HARRIS COUNTY

8th Cir Civil 16.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)


CHRISTIAN SCIENCE

8th Cir Civil 14.23
DEFINITION: 'HEALTH CARE PROVIDER' (docx)


CHRONIC HEALTH CONDITION

3rd Cir Civil 10.2.1
FMLA Definitions - Serious Health Condition (docx)
7th Cir Civil 10.6
Definition of 'Serious Health Condition'
8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 14.22
DEFINITION: 'SERIOUS HEALTH CONDITION' (alternate) (docx)


CHRONOLOGICALLY AND SUBSTANTIVELY INDEPENDENT

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1031
MAJOR FRAUD AGAINST THE UNITED STATES
When an act is CHRONOLOGICALLY and substantively independent from the other acts charged as the scheme, it constitutes an execution
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344
BANK FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1347
HEALTH CARE FRAUD


CHURCH OR SYNOGOGUE

3rd Cir Civil 5.00
Title VII Introductory Instruction (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.844
ARSON OF PROPERTY USED IN OR AFFECTING INTERSTATE COMMERCE (NO PERSONAL INJURY INVOLVED) (18 U.S.C. § 844(i)) (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O9
Damage to Religious Property - 18 U.S.C. § 247 (docx)


CHURNING

9th Cir Civil 18.
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT-Introductory Comment (wpd)
 
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