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EVADE AND DEFEAT TAXES

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7201
TAX EVASION (26 U.S.C. § 7201) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 9.8B
GOOD FAITH (TAX CASES) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.92
TAX EVASION (26 U.S.C. § 7201)


EVADING LEGAL PROCESS

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1512A2
Obstruction of Justice - Witness Tampering Through Physical Force or Threat of Physical Force (18 U.S.C. § 1512(a)(2)(A) or (B)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1512B
Obstruction of Justice - Witness Tampering Through Intimidation, Threats, or Corrupt Persuasion (18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1) and (2)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1512
TAMPERING WITH A WITNESS, VICTIM, OR INFORMANT
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(C)
WITNESS TAMPERING - EVADING LEGAL PROCESS - ELEMENTS


EVADING REPORTING REQUIREMENT

1st Cir Criminal 4.31.5322
Money Laundering-Illegal Structuring, 31 U.S.C. §§ 5322, 5324
3rd Cir Criminal 5.05
Willfully (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 6050I
CASH TRANSACTION REPORTS
4th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324
STRUCTURING CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS
4th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5332
BULK CASH SMUGGLING
5th Cir Criminal 2.103
31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1) -- Reports on Exporting and Importing Monetary Instruments (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.104
31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3) - Structuring Transactions to Evade Reporting Requirements (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.105
31 U.S.C. § 5332(a) - Bulk Cash Smuggling (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
STRUCTURING FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
STRUCTURING FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS - DEFINITIONS
9th Cir Criminal 9.44
FAILURE TO REPORT EXPORTING OR IMPORTING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS (31 U.S.C. §§ 5316(a)(1), 5324(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.45
BULK CASH SMUGGLING (31 U.S.C. § 5332(a)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.95
REPORTS ON EXPORTING AND IMPORTING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS (31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1))
10th Cir Criminal 2.96
STRUCTURING TRANSACTIONS TO EVADE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS (31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3))
11th Cir Criminal O112
Evading a Currency-Transaction Reporting Requirement (While Violating Another Law) by Structuring Transaction - 31 U.S.C. §§ 5322 and 5324 (docx)


EVANS V. NEWTON

3rd Cir Civil 4.4
Section 1983 - Action under Color of State Law (docx)
7th Cir Civil 7.03
GENERAL: 'UNDER COLOR OF LAW'


EVANS V. UNITED STATES

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1951
Interference with Commerce by Robbery or Extortion (Hobbs Act), 18 U.S.C. § 1951
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1951-6
Hobbs Act - Extortion Under Color of Official Right (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.201B1
Bribery of a Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1346
HONEST SERVICES
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY THREATS OR VIOLENCE (HOBBS ACT)
5th Cir Criminal 2.73B
18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act) - Extortion under Color of Official Right (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 17.01
Hobbs Act - Extortion by Force, Violence, or Fear (18 U.S.C. § 1951) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1951
COLOR OF OFFICIAL RIGHT - DEFINITION
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346
RECEIVING A BRIBE OR KICKBACK
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY MEANS OF EXTORTION (18 U.S.C. § 1951 (Hobbs Act)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.143
HOBBS ACT-EXTORTION OR ATTEMPTED EXTORTION UNDER COLOR OF OFFICIAL RIGHT (18 U.S.C. § 1951) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.71
EXTORTION UNDER COLOR OF OFFICIAL RIGHT (18 U.S.C. § 1951(a)) (Hobbs Act)
11th Cir Criminal O70.2
Interference with Commerce by Extortion - Hobbs Act: Racketeering (Color of Official Right) - 18 U.S.C. § 1951 (docx)


EVASION OF ASSESSMENT

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201
Tax Evasion - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7201) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
TAX EVASION
5th Cir Criminal 2.101
26 U.S.C. § 7201 - Tax Evasion (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX - ELEMENTS


EVASION OF PAYMENT

1st Cir Criminal 4.26.7201
Income Tax Evasion, 26 U.S.C. § 7201
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201
Tax Evasion - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7201) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-3
Tax Evasion - Affirmative Attempt to Evade or Defeat Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7203
Failure to File a Tax Return - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7203) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7203
FAILURE TO FILE RETURN
5th Cir Criminal 2.101
26 U.S.C. § 7201 - Tax Evasion (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 7201
ATTEMPT TO EVADE OR DEFEAT TAX - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7203
FAILURE TO FILE TAX RETURN (26 U.S.C. § 7203) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.92
TAX EVASION (26 U.S.C. § 7201)


EVASION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

1st Cir Criminal 4.31.5322
Money Laundering-Illegal Structuring, 31 U.S.C. §§ 5322, 5324
3rd Cir Criminal 5.05
Willfully (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 26 U.S.C. § 6050I
CASH TRANSACTION REPORTS
4th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324
STRUCTURING CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS
4th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5332
BULK CASH SMUGGLING
5th Cir Criminal 2.103
31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1) -- Reports on Exporting and Importing Monetary Instruments (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.104
31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3) - Structuring Transactions to Evade Reporting Requirements (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.105
31 U.S.C. § 5332(a) - Bulk Cash Smuggling (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
STRUCTURING FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
STRUCTURING FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS - DEFINITIONS
9th Cir Criminal 9.44
FAILURE TO REPORT EXPORTING OR IMPORTING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS (31 U.S.C. §§ 5316(a)(1), 5324(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 9.45
BULK CASH SMUGGLING (31 U.S.C. § 5332(a)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.95
REPORTS ON EXPORTING AND IMPORTING MONETARY INSTRUMENTS (31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1))
10th Cir Criminal 2.96
STRUCTURING TRANSACTIONS TO EVADE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS (31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3))
11th Cir Criminal O112
Evading a Currency-Transaction Reporting Requirement (While Violating Another Law) by Structuring Transaction - 31 U.S.C. §§ 5322 and 5324 (docx)


EVASIVE

3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7203
Failure to File a Tax Return - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7203) (docx/wpd)
5th Cir Criminal 2.69
18 U.S.C. § 1623 - False Declaration Before Grand Jury or Court (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.841D
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES - POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE (21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32), 813, and 841(a)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.22
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-TERRY FRISK (wpd)


EVEN A SINGLE DECISION

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.4
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - Statute, Ordinance or Regulation (docx)
EVEN A SINGLE DECISION by such a body unquestionably constitutes an act of official government policy


EVERY POSSIBLE DOUBT

1st Cir Criminal 3.02
Presumption of Innocence; Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
10th Cir Criminal 1.5
PROOF-REASONABLE DOUBT PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE-BURDEN OF


EVERYDAY EXPERIENCE

3rd Cir Civil 1.5
Preliminary Instructions - Evidence (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 1.08
Evidence (What is; is Not) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 3.02
Evidence (docx/wpd)
6th Cir Criminal 1.05
CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 1.07
CREDIBILITY OF WITNESSES (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 10.07
CONSIDERING THE EVIDENCE
7th Cir Criminal 2.02
CONSIDERING THE EVIDENCE


EVERYDAY MEANING

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.875
Interstate Communications-Threats, 18 U.S.C. § 875(c)
5th Cir Criminal 2.47
18 U.S.C. § 1014 - False Statement to a Bank (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7G
PROCUREMENT OF COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE BY PAYMENT OF SOMETHING OF PECUNIARY VALUE (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(7); 21 U.S.C. §§ 848(n)(6) AND (7)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7H
COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE FOR PECUNIARY GAIN (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(8); 21 (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7K
VULNERABLE VICTIM (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(11); 21 U.S.C. § 848(n)(9)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1001B
FALSE STATEMENT TO A FEDERAL AGENCY (18 U.S.C. § 1001) (wpd/doc/docx)


EVIDENCE ADMITTED AGAINST ONLY ONE DEFENDANT OR PARTY

3rd Cir Criminal 2.11
Limited Admissibility: Evidence Admitted for a Limited Purpose (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.12
Limited Admissibility: Evidence Admitted Against Only One Defendant (docx/wpd)
8th Cir Civil 2.08
EXPLANATORY: EVIDENCE ADMITTED AGAINST ONLY ONE PARTY (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 2.14
EVIDENCE ADMITTED AGAINST ONLY ONE DEFENDANT (wpd/doc/docx)


EVIDENCE GAINED AFTER GOVERNMENT CONTACT

9th Cir Criminal 6.2
ENTRAPMENT (wpd)


EVIDENCE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT

9th Cir Civil 2.16
EVIDENCE IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT (wpd)


EVIDENCE IN THE RECORD

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2252
Possession of Child Pornography, 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)
1st Cir Criminal 5.05
Entrapment
3rd Cir Criminal 9.05
Deadlocked Jury - Return for Deliberations (docx/wpd)
7th Cir Civil 11.3.6.1
OBVIOUSNESS - ADDITIONAL FACTORS INDICATING NONOBVIOUSNESS
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.841D
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES - POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ANALOGUE (21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32), 813, and 841(a)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.107
MURDER-FIRST DEGREE (18 U.S.C. § 1111) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.108
MURDER-SECOND DEGREE (18 U.S.C. § 1111) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.109
MANSLAUGHTER-VOLUNTARY (18 U.S.C. § 1112) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.110
MANSLAUGHTER-INVOLUNTARY (18 U.S.C. § 1112) (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal S8
Deliberate Ignorance as Proof of Knowledge (docx)


EVIDENCE OF LIMITED PERSONAL MEANS

3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)


EVIDENCE OF OTHER CRIMES

3rd Cir Criminal 2.23
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.24
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 2.25
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.29
Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (FED. R. EVID. 404(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.35
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (FED. R. EVID. 608(b)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.36
Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (FED. R. EVID. 609) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VII.BB.
Rule 404(b) Evidence of Other Bad Acts
6th Cir Criminal 7.05A
IMPEACHMENT OF DEFENDANT BY PRIOR CONVICTION (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 7.13
OTHER ACTS OF DEFENDANT (wpd/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 4.3
OTHER CRIMES, WRONGS OR ACTS OF DEFENDANT (wpd)


EVIDENCE OF THE DEFENDANT'S PRIOR GUILTY PLEA

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2252
Possession of Child Pornography, 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)


EVIDENCE OF WEALTH

3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)


EVIDENCE SUFFICIENT TO SUPPORT A FINDING THAT THE ITEM IS WHAT THE PROPONENT CLAIMS IT IS

3rd Cir Criminal 4.12
Chain of Custody (docx/wpd)


EVIDENTIARY BASIS FOR AN INSTRUCTION

5th Cir Criminal 1.28
Entrapment (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 6.09
ENTRAPMENT BY ESTOPPEL (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1111
INTRODUCTORY COMMENTS TO HOMICIDE INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)


EVIDENTIARY FOUNDATION

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 8.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 5.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 4.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 5.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Criminal 2.13
Spoliation
3rd Cir Criminal 8.01
Theory of Defense (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 8.06
Insanity (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal VIII.C.
Defendant's Request
8th Cir Criminal 9.5
THEORY OF DEFENSE (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal S17
Good-Faith Defense (docx)


EVIDENTIARY LINKAGE

3rd Cir Criminal 2.28
Prior Statement of a Defendant - Multi-Defendant Trial (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 4.33
Prior Statement of Non-testifying Defendant in Multi-Defendant Trial (docx/wpd)
8th Cir Criminal 2.15
STATEMENT OF ONE DEFENDANT IN MULTI-DEFENDANT TRIAL (wpd/doc/docx)


EVIDENTIARY USE

3rd Cir Criminal 4.34
Silence in the Face of Accusation (docx/wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.7
SECTION 1983 CLAIM AGAINST LOCAL GOVERNING BODY DEFENDANTS BASED ON RATIFICATION-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)


EVIL MOTIVE OR INTENT

1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 1.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 2.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Eighth Amendment: Injury to an Inmate by a Corrections Officer
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 7.1
Excessive Force-Punitive Damages
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.05
Willfully (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7201-4
Tax Evasion - Willfully Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 401
CONTEMPT OF COURT
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 641
THEFT OF GOVERNMENT PROPERTY
4th Cir Criminal V.FF.
Willfulness - Specific Intent
5th Cir Civil 10.1
42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Unlawful Arrest- Unlawful Search-Excessive Force) (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 10.7A
Eighth Amendment (Excessive Force) (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.38
'Willfully'-To Act (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.12
18 U.S.C. § 242 - Deprivation of Civil Rights (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 2.05
WILLFULLY (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Civil 7.28
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE
8th Cir Civil 12.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 13.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 4.72
DAMAGES: PUNITIVE - CIVIL RIGHTS (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.26.7203
FAILURE TO FILE TAX RETURN (26 U.S.C. § 7203) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 5.5
PUNITIVE DAMAGES (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.73
FALSE STATEMENT TO GOVERNMENT AGENCY (18 U.S.C. § 1001) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.64
CORRUPTLY INFLUENCING A JUROR (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
11th Cir Civil 4.1
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Free Speech on Matter of Public Concern (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.2
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Political Disloyalty or Key Employee (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.3
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Supervisor Harassment (Separate Liability for Public Body and Individual Supervisors) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.4
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Co-worker Harassment (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.13
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Damages (docx)


EVIL PURPOSE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2511
WIRETAPPING
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 35(b)
CONVEYING FALSE INFORMATION (BOMB HOAX ACT)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 36
DRIVE-BY SHOOTING
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1503A
CORRUPTLY ENDEAVORING TO INFLUENCE A JUROR (18 U.S.C. § 1503) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.62
CORRUPTLY OBSTRUCTING ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE (18 U.S.C. § 1503(a))
10th Cir Criminal 2.63
OBSTRUCTING ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE BY THREATS OR FORCE (18 U.S.C. § 1503(a))


EVOLVING STANDARDS OF DECENCY

9th Cir Civil 9.26
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-EIGHTH AMENDMENT-CONVICTED PRISONER'S CLAIM OF EXCESSIVE FORCE (wpd)
 
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