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LOADED AND ACCESSIBLE

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.924
Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to, or Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of Drug Trafficking or Crime of Violence, 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)


LOADED FIREARM

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2113(a), (d)
Armed or Aggravated Bank Robbery, 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a), (d)
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.924
Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to, or Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of Drug Trafficking or Crime of Violence, 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
3rd Cir Civil 4.14
Section 1983 - State-created Danger (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9.1
Section 1983 - Instruction for Garner-Type Deadly Force Cases - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.2113D
Bank Robbery - Armed - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 2113(d)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.924A-1
'In Furtherance of' Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.21.841-5
Controlled Substances - Intent to (Manufacture) (Distribute) Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2113 § 2113(a)
BANK ROBBERY AND LARCENY
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME, OR POSSESSING A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME
4th Cir Criminal 49 U.S.C. § 46505
CARRYING A WEAPON ON AN AIRCRAFT
5th Cir Criminal 2.44
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1) - Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 12.02
FIREARMS - USING OR CARRYING A FIREARM DURING AND IN RELATION TO A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 12.03
FIREARMS - POSSESSING A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2113(d)
DEFINITION OF 'DANGEROUS WEAPON OR DEVICE'
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
DEFINITION OF 'IN FURTHERANCE OF'
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
POSSESSION OF A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2113B
BANK ROBBERY (18 U.S.C. § 2113(d)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.49.46505(b)
ATTEMPTING TO BOARD AIRCRAFT WITH CONCEALED WEAPON OR EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (49 U.S.C. § 46505) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 2.45.1
POSSESSION OF A FIREARM IN FURTHERANCE OF A DRUG TRAFFICKING CRIME OR CRIME OF VIOLENCE
10th Cir Criminal 2.77
BANK ROBBERY (18 U.S.C. § 2113) (Subsections (a) and (d) Alleged in the Same Count)
11th Cir Criminal O119
Attempting to Board Air Craft with Concealed Weapon or Explosive Device 49 U.S.C. § 46505(b) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.3
Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O35.4
Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime - 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O76.2
Bank Robbery - 18 U.S.C. § 2113 (a) and (d) (Subsections and Alleged in Separate Counts) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O76.3
Bank Robbery - 18 U.S.C. § 2113 (a) and (d) (Subsections and Alleged in the Same Count) (docx)


LOADED FIREARM ON AN AIRCRAFT

4th Cir Criminal 49 U.S.C. § 46505
CARRYING A WEAPON ON AN AIRCRAFT
8th Cir Criminal 6.49.46505(b)
ATTEMPTING TO BOARD AIRCRAFT WITH CONCEALED WEAPON OR EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (49 U.S.C. § 46505) (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Criminal O119
Attempting to Board Air Craft with Concealed Weapon or Explosive Device 49 U.S.C. § 46505(b) (docx)


LOAN APPLICATION

9th Cir Criminal 8.124
WIRE FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1343) (wpd)


LOAN INSURED BY THE SECRETARY OF EDUCATION

4th Cir Criminal 20 U.S.C. § 1097
STUDENT LOANS


LOAN LIMITS

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1005
FALSE ENTRY IN BANK RECORDS (18 U.S.C. § 1005) (THIRD PARAGRAPH) (wpd/doc/docx)


LOAN SHARKING

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 894
COLLECTION OF EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT BY EXTORTIONATE MEANS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1956J
SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)


LOANS TO THIRD PARTIES

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 656
EMBEZZLING FROM A BANK
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 657
EMBEZZLING FROM A CREDIT UNION
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.656
EMBEZZLEMENT AND MISAPPLICATION OF BANK FUNDS (18 U.S.C. § 656) (wpd/doc/docx)


LOCAL STATUTES

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1461
MAILING OBSCENE MATTER
A LOCAL STATUTE may ¨provide relevant evidence of the mores of the community whose ¨legislative body enacted the law, and is therefore admissible, but it ¨is not conclusive
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1462
IMPORTING OR TRANSPORTING OBSCENE MATTERS
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1464
BROADCASTING OBSCENE LANGUAGE
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1466
ENGAGING IN THE BUSINESS OF SELLING OR TRANSFERRING OBSCENE MATTER
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1466A
OBSCENE VISUAL REPRESENTATIONS OF SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1470
TRANSFERRING OBSCENE MATERIAL TO MINORS


LOCATION OF BIRTH

3rd Cir Civil 6.2.1
Section 1981 Definitions - Race (docx)


LOCATION OF EMPLOYMENT

11th Cir Civil 4.13
Equal Pay Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 206(d)(1) and (3) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.18
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4311 - USERRA (docx)


LOCATION OF ITS FACILITY

3rd Cir Civil 9.1.3
Elements of an ADA Claim - Reasonable Accommodation (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1956
LAUNDERING OF MONETARY INSTRUMENTS
5th Cir Civil 11.10
Failure to Accommodate a Disability (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 4.09
UNDUE HARDSHIP DEFENSE
8th Cir Civil 9.43
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: CONSTRUCTIVE DISCHARGE (docx)
9th Cir Civil 12.8
ADA-UNDUE HARDSHIP (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.164
AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ABUSE (18 U.S.C. § 2241(a)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.33
THEFT FROM INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN SHIPMENT (18 U.S.C. § 659) (Paragraph One)
10th Cir Criminal 2.73.2
MONEY LAUNDERING 'STING' CONCEALING PURPORTED PROCEEDS OF ILLEGAL ACTIVITY (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(3)(B))
11th Cir Civil 4.12
Americans with Disabilities Act: - Reasonable Accommodation Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.20
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4312 - Reemployment (docx)


LOCATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL'S HOME

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2250
SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION AND NOTIFICATION ACT (SORNA)
The term "resides" means, with respect to an individual, the LOCATION OF the individual's HOME or other place where the individual habitually lives
5th Cir Criminal 2.83
18 U.S.C. § 2250 - Failure to Register as a Sex Offender (rtf)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2250
FAILURE TO REGISTER UNDER SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION AND NOTIFICATION ACT (SORNA) (18 U.S.C. § 2250(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)


LOCATION OF THE WORK

11th Cir Civil 9.15
Copyright - Ownership - Work Made for Hire (docx)


LOCKED CONTAINERS

9th Cir Civil 9.24
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-DETENTION DURING EXECUTION OF SEARCH WARRANT (wpd)


LOCKED DOORS

9th Cir Civil 9.24
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-DETENTION DURING EXECUTION OF SEARCH WARRANT (wpd)


LOCKETT V. OHIO

8th Cir Criminal 12.1
INTRODUCTION TO PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.10
MITIGATING FACTORS ENUMERATED (18 U.S.C. § 3592(a)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.7P
MULTIPLE KILLINGS OR ATTEMPTED KILLINGS (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(16); 18 U.S.C. § 3591(a)(2)(A)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.8
NONSTATUTORY AGGRAVATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.9
MITIGATING FACTORS (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 3.10
MITIGATING FACTORS
10th Cir Criminal 3.7
AGGRAVATING AND MITIGATING FACTORS GENERALLY


LOCOMOTIVE, BOILER, OR TENDER

4th Cir Criminal 29 U.S.C. § 186
PAYMENTS TO UNION OFFICIALS (TAFT-HARTLEY ACT)
8th Cir Civil 15.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: BOILER INSPECTION ACT VIOLATION (docx)


LOCOMOTIVES

4th Cir Criminal 29 U.S.C. § 186
PAYMENTS TO UNION OFFICIALS (TAFT-HARTLEY ACT)
7th Cir Civil 9.01
FEDERAL EMPLOYEE LIABILITY ACT AND SIMILAR STATUTES - Plaintiff's FELA Case
7th Cir Civil 9.07
Locomotive/Boiler Inspection Act; Federal Safety Appliance Act
8th Cir Civil 15.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: BOILER INSPECTION ACT VIOLATION (docx)


LODGING

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 2.1
Maintenance and Cure
5th Cir Civil 11.24
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (29 U.S.C. §§ 201, et seq.) (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 4.10
Maintenance and Cure Claims and Their Relationship to Jones Act and Unseaworthiness Claims-Punitive Damages for Willful Withholding of Maintenance and Cure (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 16.03
EXPLANATORY: MINIMUM WAGE CREDIT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.60
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: EXECUTIVE EMPLOYEE EXEMPTION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.61
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: ADMINISTRATIVE EMPLOYEE EXEMPTION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.62
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: LEARNED PROFESSIONAL EXEMPTION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.63
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: CREATIVE PROFESSIONAL EXEMPTION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 16.64
ELEMENTS OF DEFENSE: COMPUTER EMPLOYEE EXEMPTION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.27
DEFINITION: 'MAINTENANCE' AND 'CURE' (docx)
9th Cir Civil 10.6
CIVIL RIGHTS-TITLE VII-HOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT CAUSED BY SUPERVISOR-CLAIM BASED ON VICARIOUS LIABILITY-TANGIBLE EMPLOYMENT ACTION-AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 7.11
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.14
Fair Labor Standards Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 201 et seq. (docx)
11th Cir Civil 8.2
Jones Act - Unseaworthiness - Maintenance and Cure (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O91.1
Providing Material Support to Terrorists - 18 U.S.C. § 2339A (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O91.2
Providing Material Support or Resources to Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations - 18 U.S.C. § 2339B (docx)


LOEFFLER V. FRANK

3rd Cir Civil 5.4.3
Title VII Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)


LOGAN V. UNITED STATES

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.922A
False Statement in Purchase of a Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6)) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.922G-2
Proof of Prior Conviction (docx/wpd)


LOGISTICAL CONSTRAINTS UNRELATED TO MEDICAL JUDGMENT

3rd Cir Civil 4.11.1
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Denial of Adequate Medical Care (docx)


LOGOS

11th Cir Civil 10.1
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.2
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark - ANNOTATIONS AND COMMENTS (docx)


LONG ENOUGH FOR THE KILLER

5th Cir Criminal 2.52A
18 U.S.C. § 1111 - Murder (First Degree) (rtf)
It must be LONG ENOUGH FOR THE KILLER, after forming the intent to kill, to be fully conscious of that intent
10th Cir Criminal 2.52
FIRST DEGREE MURDER (18 U.S.C. § 1111)


LONG TERM LOSS OR IMPAIRMENT OF A FUNCTION OF A BODILY MEMBER OR ORGAN

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119A
CARJACKING (NO SERIOUS BODILY INJURY OR DEATH) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119B
CARJACKING (SERIOUS BODILY INJURY) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(2)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119C
CARJACKING (DEATH RESULTING) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(3)) (wpd/doc/docx)


LONG-DISTANCE TELEPHONE ACCESS CODES

5th Cir Criminal 2.49A
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) - Use of Unauthorized Access Device (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.49B
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3) - Possession of Counterfeit or Unauthorized Access Devices (rtf)


LONG-STANDING BUSINESS OR PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP

9th Cir Civil 18.6
SECURITIES-JUSTIFIABLE RELIANCE GENERALLY (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 6.1
Securities Exchange Act 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Device, Scheme, or Artifice to Defraud (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5 - Misrepresentation or Omission of Material Facts (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.4
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5 - Fraudulent Practice or Course of Dealing (docx)


LONG-STANDING CONDITION THAT HAD BECOME AN ACCEPTABLE STANDARD AND PRACTICE

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.6
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - Custom (docx)


LONG-TERM ASSOCIATION THAT EXISTS FOR CRIMINAL PURPOSES

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1962C-6
RICO - 'Through a Pattern of Racketeering Activity' Defined (docx/wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.74.5
RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS ACT-'SECTION A'-Third Element-Derivation of Income Through a Pattern of Racketeering Activity
10th Cir Criminal 2.75.4
RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS ACT-'SECTION B'-Third Element-Engaging in a Pattern of Racketeering Activity
10th Cir Criminal 2.76.5
RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS ACT-'SECTION C'-Fourth Element-Engaging in a Pattern of Racketeering Activity


LONG-TERM IMPACT

3rd Cir Civil 9.2.1
ADA Definitions - Disability (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.10
Failure to Accommodate a Disability (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 11.8
Discrimination Based on Disability (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 4.04
DEFINITION OF 'DISABILITY'
8th Cir Civil 9.22
DEFINITION: SUBSTANTIALLY LIMITS (docx)


LONG-TERM INCAPACITATING CONDITIONS

8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)


LONGER-THAN-NEEDED INVESTIGATION TO INCREASE THE DRUG QUANTITIES

3rd Cir Criminal 8.05
Entrapment (docx/wpd)


LONGEVITY

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1962C-2
RICO - 'Enterprise;' Association in Fact Defined (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1962 § 1962(a)
RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS
5th Cir Criminal 2.78
18 U.S.C. § 1959(a) - Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering (rtf)
9th Cir Civil 7.12
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-WILLFUL AND ARBITRARY FAILURE TO PAY (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 7.1
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Acquiring an Interest in an Enterprise by Use of Income (docx)
11th Cir Civil 7.2
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Acquiring or Maintaining an Interest in or Control of an Enterprise (docx)
11th Cir Civil 7.3
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 - Conduct the Affairs of the Enterprise (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O75.1
RICO - Substantive Offense - 18 U.S.C. § 1962 (docx)


LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT (LHWCA)

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.05
EXPLANATORY: LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT § 905(b)--TURN-OVER CLAIM--NEGLIGENCE STANDARD (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.23
DEFINITION: JONES ACT--'VESSEL' (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.24
DEFINITION: 'MARITIME EMPLOYMENT' (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.25
DEFINITION: LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT 'COVERED PLACE OF INJURY' (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.26
DEFINITION: 'NAVIGABLE WATERS' (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.42
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT § 905(b)--TURN-OVER CLAIM--ELEMENTS OF CLAIM (docx)
8th Cir Civil 19.80
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - VERDICT (docx)
9th Cir Civil 6.7
FELA-PLAINTIFF'S NEGLIGENCE-REDUCTION OF DAMAGES (45 U.S.C. § 53) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 7.1
SEAMAN STATUS (wpd)


LONGSHOREMAN

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.24
DEFINITION: 'MARITIME EMPLOYMENT' (docx)


LONGSHORING OPERATIONS

8th Cir Civil 17.24
DEFINITION: 'MARITIME EMPLOYMENT' (docx)


LORANCE V. AT&T TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

3rd Cir Civil 5.3.2
Title VII Defenses - Bona Fide Seniority System (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.3.2
Section 1981 Defenses - Bona Fide Seniority System (docx)
9th Cir Civil 10.15
CIVIL RIGHTS-TITLE VII-DEFENSE-BONA FIDE SENIORITY SYSTEM (wpd)


LORILLARD V. PONS

3rd Cir Civil 8.0
ADEA Introductory Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.2.
ADEA Damages - Back Pay (docx)
8th Cir Civil 6.00
AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT CASES - OVERVIEW (docx)
9th Cir Civil 11.
AGE DISCRIMINATION-Introductory Comment (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 11.13
AGE DISCRIMINATION-DAMAGES-BACK PAY-MITIGATION (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 11.14
AGE DISCRIMINATION-DAMAGES-WILLFUL DISCRIMINATION-LIQUIDATED DAMAGES (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.10
Age Discrimination in Employment Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 621-634 (docx)


LOS ANGELES COUNTY V. HUMPHRIES

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.3
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - General Instruction (docx)


LOS ANGELES COUNTY V. RETTELE

3rd Cir Civil 4.12
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure (docx)


LOSING NORMAL SELF-CONTROL

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1112
MANSLAUGHTER
5th Cir Criminal 2.53
18 U.S.C. § 1112 - Voluntary Manslaughter (rtf)
10th Cir Criminal 2.54
VOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
11th Cir Criminal O46.1
Voluntary Manslaughter - 18 U.S.C. § 1112 (docx)


LOSS IN SALES

9th Cir Civil 15.27
TRADEMARK DAMAGES-PLAINTIFF'S ACTUAL DAMAGES (15 U.S.C. § 1117(a)) (wpd)


LOSS OF A POTENTIAL BENEFIT

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1951
Interference with Commerce by Robbery or Extortion (Hobbs Act), 18 U.S.C. § 1951
But the loss feared must be a particular economic loss, not merely the LOSS OF A POTENTIAL BENEFIT


LOSS OF BUSINESS

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 4.1
Equal Pay Act
11th Cir Civil 4.13
Equal Pay Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 206(d)(1) and (3) (docx)


LOSS OF CONSORTIUM

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
7th Cir Civil 7.26
DAMAGES: COMPENSATORY


LOSS OF EARNING POWER

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 1.1
Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. §§ 51-60
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 2.1
Federal Safety Appliance Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20301-20306; Boiler Inspection Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20701-20703
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages


LOSS OF ENJOYMENT OF LIFE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 1.1
Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. §§ 51-60
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 2.1
Federal Safety Appliance Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20301-20306; Boiler Inspection Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20701-20703
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.1
Title VII Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.1
Section 1981 Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.1
ADA Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 15.3
Injury/Pain/Disability/Disfigurement/Loss of Capacity for Enjoyment of Life (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 7.26
DAMAGES: COMPENSATORY
8th Cir Civil 5.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
9th Cir Civil 5.2
MEASURES OF TYPES OF DAMAGES (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)


LOSS OF LOYALTY AND FIDELITY OF THE EMPLOYEE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1346
HONEST SERVICES


LOSS OF SERVICES

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
7th Cir Civil 9.06
Damages (Death Case)


LOSS OF SOCIETY OR COMPANIONSHIP

1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
5th Cir Civil 4.11
Section 905(b) Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Claim (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 15.71
DAMAGES: DEATH OF EMPLOYEE (docx)


LOSS OR IMPAIRMENT OF A MENTAL FUNCTION

8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119A
CARJACKING (NO SERIOUS BODILY INJURY OR DEATH) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119B
CARJACKING (SERIOUS BODILY INJURY) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(2)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2119C
CARJACKING (DEATH RESULTING) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(3)) (wpd/doc/docx)


LOSS TO THE GOVERNMENT

3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7206
False Income Tax Return - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1)) (docx/wpd)
The existence of a tax deficiency or LOSS TO THE GOVERNMENT is not an element of the offense
3rd Cir Criminal 6.26.7206-3
False Income Tax Return - Return Was Materially False (docx/wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.93
FALSE STATEMENTS ON INCOME TAX RETURN (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1))


LOSSES THAT WILL OCCUR IN THE FUTURE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.4
Equal Pay Act Damages
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 1.1
Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. §§ 51-60
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 2.1
Federal Safety Appliance Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20301-20306; Boiler Inspection Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20701-20703
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.1
Title VII Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.4
Title VII Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.1
Section 1981 Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.4
Section 1981 Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 7.5
Section 1983 - Employment - Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.4.
ADEA Damages - Front Pay (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.1
ADA Damages - Compensatory Damages - General Instruction (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.4
ADA Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1341
MAIL FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1343
WIRE FRAUD
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1348
SECURITIES AND COMMODITIES FRAUD
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 15.3
Injury/Pain/Disability/Disfigurement/Loss of Capacity for Enjoyment of Life (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 4.8
Damages (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 13.6.3
Actual Damages
7th Cir Civil 3.10
COMPENSATORY DAMAGES
7th Cir Civil 7.26
DAMAGES: COMPENSATORY
7th Cir Civil 7.27
COMPENSATORY DAMAGES IN PRISONER CASES
7th Cir Civil 9.04
Damages
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1951
EXTORTION - DEFINITION
8th Cir Civil 15.70
DAMAGES: INJURY TO EMPLOYEE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 15.72
DAMAGES: PRESENT VALUE OF FUTURE LOSS (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.71
DAMAGES: DEATH OF EMPLOYEE (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
9th Cir Civil 11.13
AGE DISCRIMINATION-DAMAGES-BACK PAY-MITIGATION (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 17.35
COPYRIGHT-DAMAGES-STATUTORY DAMAGES (17 U.S.C. § 504(c)) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 5.2
MEASURES OF TYPES OF DAMAGES (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 5.12
INTENT TO DEFRAUD (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.127
BANK FRAUD-SCHEME TO DEFRAUD BY FALSE PROMISES (18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 8.128
ATTEMPTED BANK FRAUD-SCHEME TO DEFRAUD BY FALSE PROMISES (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.11
Americans with Disabilities Act - Disparate-Treatment Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.13
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Damages (docx)


LOST BENEFITS

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.4
Equal Pay Act Damages
8th Cir Civil 11.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (42 U.S.C. § 1981) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 12.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: (SEX) DISCRIMINATION (Determining Factor) (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 13.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 6.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)


LOST BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1951
Interference with Commerce by Robbery or Extortion (Hobbs Act), 18 U.S.C. § 1951
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY MEANS OF EXTORTION (18 U.S.C. § 1951 (Hobbs Act)) (wpd/doc/docx)


LOST OPPORTUNITY

3rd Cir Civil 11.3.1
Equal Pay Act Damages - General Compensatory Damages (docx)


LOST OR DESTROYED EVIDENCE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 8.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 5.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 4.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 5.1
Spoliation
1st Cir Criminal 2.13
Spoliation
7th Cir Civil 1.19
ADVERSE INFERENCE FROM MISSING WITNESS
7th Cir Civil 1.20
SPOLIATION/DESTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(B)
WITNESS TAMPERING - ALTERING OR DESTROYING EVIDENCE - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 4.9
INFLUENCING WITNESS, ETC. (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1512
TAMPERING WITH A WITNESS (18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.13
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 2.12
SIMILAR ACTS IN SEXUAL ASSAULT AND CHILD MOLESTATION CASES (Fed. R. Evid. 413 and 414) (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.19
LOST OR DESTROYED EVIDENCE (wpd)


LOST REVENUE

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030
COMPUTER CRIMES
7th Cir Civil 12.8.4
DAMAGES - STATUTORY DAMAGES
7th Cir Civil 13.6.3
Actual Damages
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(11)
DEFINITION OF 'LOSS'
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030I
COMPUTER FRAUD- SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Civil 9.31
Copyright - Damages - Actual Damages (docx)
11th Cir Civil 9.32
Copyright - Damages - Statutory Damages (docx)


LOST ROYALTIES

7th Cir Civil 13.6.3
Actual Damages
11th Cir Civil 10.1
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.2
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark - ANNOTATIONS AND COMMENTS (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.5
Trademark Dilution (docx)


LOST SALES

7th Cir Civil 11.4.3.1
LOST PROFITS - PANDUIT TEST
7th Cir Civil 11.4.3.4
LOST PROFITS - COLLATERAL SALES
7th Cir Civil 13.6.3
Actual Damages
11th Cir Civil 10.1
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.2
Trademark Infringement - Registered Trademark - ANNOTATIONS AND COMMENTS (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.5
Trademark Dilution (docx)


LOST WAGES

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination)
INTRODUCTORY NOTES
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.4
Equal Pay Act Damages
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 1.1
Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. App. § 688
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 2.1
Maintenance and Cure
1st Cir Civil (maritime employee) 3.1
Unseaworthiness
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 1.1
Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. §§ 51-60
1st Cir Civil (railroad employee) 2.1
Federal Safety Appliance Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20301-20306; Boiler Inspection Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 20701-20703
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages
3rd Cir Civil 10.4.1
FMLA Damages - Back Pay - No Claim of Willful Violation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 10.4.2
FMLA Damages - Back Pay - Willful Violation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 10.4.3
FMLA Damages - Other Monetary Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 11.1.2
Equal Pay Act - Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 11.3.7
Equal Pay Act Damages - Damages for Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.4.3
Title VII Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.3
Section 1981 Damages - Back Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 7.5
Section 1983 - Employment - Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.2.
ADEA Damages - Back Pay (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.3.
ADEA Damages - Liquidated Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.4.5
ADEA Damages - Nominal Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.3
ADA Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 11.22
FMLA Damages-Lost Wages (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 11.25
FLSA Damages (rtf)
5th Cir Civil 4.10
Maintenance and Cure Claims and Their Relationship to Jones Act and Unseaworthiness Claims-Punitive Damages for Willful Withholding of Maintenance and Cure (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 10.10
Damages: Mitigation
7th Cir Civil 10.11
Damages: Where No Lost Wages or Benefits
7th Cir Civil 10.9
Damages: Lost Wages or Benefits
7th Cir Civil 3.10
COMPENSATORY DAMAGES
7th Cir Civil 3.11
BACK PAY
7th Cir Civil 3.12
MITIGATION
8th Cir Civil 10.80
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - GENERAL VERDICT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 11.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (42 U.S.C. § 1981) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 11.71
DAMAGES: NOMINAL (42 U.S.C. § 1981) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 12.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: (SEX) DISCRIMINATION (Determining Factor) (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 12.71
DAMAGES: NOMINAL (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 13.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 13.71
DAMAGES: NOMINAL (42 U.S.C. § 1983) (docx)
8th Cir Civil 14.00
EMPLOYMENT - FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
8th Cir Civil 14.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.06
EXPLANATORY: MAINTENANCE AND CURE--SUPPLEMENTAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.73
DAMAGES: PRESENT VALUE OF FUTURE DAMAGES (docx)
8th Cir Civil 18.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.71
DAMAGES: NOMINAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.80
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - VERDICT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.81
GENERAL VERDICT FORM (docx)
8th Cir Civil 6.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 8.80
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - VERDICT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 8.81
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - VERDICT (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.70
DAMAGES: ACTUAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.71
DAMAGES: NOMINAL (docx)
8th Cir Civil 9.80
GENERAL VERDICT FORM - VERDICT (docx)
9th Cir Civil 13.2
LMRA § 301-Damages (29 U.S.C. § 185) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 6.7
FELA-PLAINTIFF'S NEGLIGENCE-REDUCTION OF DAMAGES (45 U.S.C. § 53) (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 7.11
MAINTENANCE AND CURE-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 4.1
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Free Speech on Matter of Public Concern (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.10
Age Discrimination in Employment Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 621-634 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.11
Americans with Disabilities Act - Disparate-Treatment Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.12
Americans with Disabilities Act: - Reasonable Accommodation Claim - 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101-12117 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.14
Fair Labor Standards Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 201 et seq. (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.15
Family and Medical Leave Act - Retaliation Claims - 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.16
Family and Medical Leave Act - Interference Claims - (NEW) - 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654 (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.17
Employee Claim against Employer and Union (Vaca v. Sipes) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.18
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4311 - USERRA (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.19
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4311(b) - USERRA Retaliation (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.2
Public Employee - First Amendment Claim - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Political Disloyalty or Key Employee (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.20
USERRA - 38 U.S.C. § 4312 - Reemployment (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.23
Miscellaneous Issues - Constructive Discharge (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.3
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Supervisor Harassment (Separate Liability for Public Body and Individual Supervisors) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.4
Public Employee - Equal-Protection Claim - Race/Sex Discrimination - Hostile Work Environment - Co-worker Harassment (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.6
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment by Supervisor - No Tangible Employment Action Taken (with Affirmative Defense by Employer) (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.7
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment by Co-Worker or Third Party - No Tangible Employment Action Taken (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.8
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Workplace Harassment - Unwelcome Sexual Advances - Tangible Employment Action Taken (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.9
Civil Rights Act - 42 U.S.C. § 1981 - Race Discrimination in Employment - Discharge or Failure to Promote (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.13
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Damages (docx)
11th Cir Civil 8.1
Jones Act - Negligence and Unseaworthiness - General Instruction (Comparative Negligence Defense) (docx)


LOTTERIES

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1511
OBSTRUCTION OF STATE OR LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1955
ILLEGAL GAMBLING BUSINESS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1956J
SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS (wpd/doc/docx)


LOUGHRIN V. UNITED STATES

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1341
Mail Fraud, 18 U.S.C. § 1341
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1344
Bank Fraud, 18 U.S.C. § 1344(1), (2)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1344
Bank Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1344-1
Bank Fraud - 'Intent to Defraud' Defined for Prosecutions Under Section 1344(1) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344
BANK FRAUD
5th Cir Criminal 2.58A
18 U.S.C. § 1344(1) - Bank Fraud (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 2.58B
18 U.S.C. § 1344(2) - Bank Fraud (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 10.00
FRAUD OFFENSES (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 10.03A
BANK FRAUD - Scheme to Defraud a Bank (18 U.S.C. § 1344(1)) (wpd/docx)
6th Cir Criminal 10.03B
BANK FRAUD - Scheme to Obtain Bank Property by Means of False or Fraudulent Representations (18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)) (wpd/docx)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344
SCHEME - DEFINITION
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344(1)
SCHEME TO DEFRAUD A FINANCIAL INSTITUTION- ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)
OBTAINING BANK PROPERTY BY FALSE OR FRAUDULENT PRETENSES - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)
SCHEME - DEFINITION
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1347(1)
HEALTH CARE FRAUD - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1344
BANK FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.127
BANK FRAUD-SCHEME TO DEFRAUD BY FALSE PROMISES (18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.58
BANK FRAUD (18 U.S.C. § 1344)
11th Cir Criminal O52
Bank Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1344 (docx)


LOW-LEVEL SUPERVISOR

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 2.3
Sexual Harassment-Hostile Environment Created by Co-workers, Customers, Etc.


LOW-VISION DEVICES

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 3.1
Disability Discrimination
3rd Cir Civil 9.2.1
ADA Definitions - Disability (docx)
5th Cir Civil 11.7
Cat's Paw Theory of Employer Liability (rtf)
8th Cir Civil 9.00
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT - OVERVIEW (docx)
9th Cir Civil 12.2
ADA-PHYSICAL OR MENTAL IMPAIRMENT (wpd)


LOWENFIELD V. PHELPS

6th Cir Criminal 8.04
DUTY TO DELIBERATE (wpd/docx)
8th Cir Civil 3.07
EXPLANATORY: 'ALLEN' CHARGE TO BE GIVEN AFTER EXTENDED DELIBERATION (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 10.2
DUTY TO DELIBERATE ('ALLEN' CHARGE) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.21
CONCLUDING INSTRUCTION (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 12.6
FINDING OF REQUISITE MENTAL STATE[S] (18 U.S.C. § 3591) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 1.42
MODIFIED ALLEN INSTRUCTION


LOWER LEVEL EMPLOYEE

3rd Cir Civil 4.6.6
Section 1983 - Liability in Connection with the Actions of Another - Municipalities - Custom (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.2.2
ADA Definitions - Qualified Individual (docx)
7th Cir Criminal 5.01
RESPONSIBILITY


LOWER RUNG PARTICIPANTS

7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) & (d)
CONDUCT - DEFINITION
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1962E
'CONDUCT/PARTICIPATION' DEFINED (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.160
RICO-CONDUCTING AFFAIRS OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE OR UNION (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)) (wpd)


LOWER WAGE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 4.1
Equal Pay Act
3rd Cir Civil 11.1.1
Basic Elements of an Equal Pay Act Claim (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 11.3.7
Equal Pay Act Damages - Damages for Retaliation (docx)
8th Cir Civil 7.40
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM (docx)
11th Cir Civil 4.13
Equal Pay Act - 29 U.S.C. §§ 206(d)(1) and (3) (docx)


LOWER-PAYING JOB OR POSITION

3rd Cir Civil 5.4.3
Title VII Damages - Back Pay- For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
8th Cir Civil 5.21
DEFINITION: MOTIVATING FACTOR (docx)
9th Cir Civil 11.13
AGE DISCRIMINATION-DAMAGES-BACK PAY-MITIGATION (wpd)


LOWER-RUNG PARTICIPANTS

3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1962C-4
RICO - 'Employed by or Associated with Any Enterprise' Defined (docx/wpd)
3rd Cir Criminal 6.18.1962C-5
RICO - 'Conduct or Participate, Directly or Indirectly, in the Conduct of Such Enterprise's Affairs' Defined (docx/wpd)


LOZMAN V. CITY OF RIVIERA BEACH, FLA.

8th Cir Civil 17.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME (docx)
8th Cir Civil 17.23
DEFINITION: JONES ACT--'VESSEL' (docx)
 
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