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TOBACCO

3rd Cir Civil 4.11.1
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Denial of Adequate Medical Care (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 15 U.S.C. § 1
TRUST IN RESTRAINT OF TRADE
4th Cir Criminal 15 U.S.C. § 2
MONOPOLIZING TRADE
4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 841
DISTRIBUTION OR POSSESSION WITH INTENT TO DISTRIBUTE
4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 863
DRUG PARAPHERNALIA
5th Cir Criminal 2.36A
18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(1) - Dealing in Explosive Materials Without License (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 11.3.6
OBVIOUSNESS
7th Cir Civil 11.3.6.1
OBVIOUSNESS - ADDITIONAL FACTORS INDICATING NONOBVIOUSNESS
7th Cir Civil 13.5.1
Affirmative defenses - Nominative Fair Use
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1951
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY MEANS OF EXTORTION (18 U.S.C. § 1951 (Hobbs Act)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1951A
INTERFERENCE WITH COMMERCE BY MEANS OF ROBBERY (18 U.S.C. § 1951) (Hobbs Act) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.924
MAKING A FALSE STATEMENT DURING A FIREARM PURCHASE (18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(1)(A)) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 15.23
DEFENSES-CONTINUOUS PRIOR USE WITHIN REMOTE GEOGRAPHIC AREA-AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE (15 U.S.C. § 1115(b)(5)) (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 10.4
Counterclaims for Cancellation of a Federal Trademark Registration (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.6
Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933 - 15 U.S.C. § 77l - (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.7
Sections 5 & 5 of the Securities Act of 1933 - 15 U.S.C. §§ 77e and 77e - Offer and Sale of Unregistered Securities - SEC Version (docx)


TOKEN DAMAGES

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages


TOKEN USE

11th Cir Civil 10.2
Trademark Infringement - Unregistered Trademark (docx)
11th Cir Civil 10.4
Counterclaims for Cancellation of a Federal Trademark Registration (docx)


TOLD HE OR SHE WAS FREE TO LEAVE

3rd Cir Civil 4.9
Section 1983 - Excessive Force (Including Some Types of Deadly Force) - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
9th Cir Civil 9.15
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-CONSENT (wpd)


TOLL THE LIMITATIONS PERIOD

3rd Cir Civil 4.12
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure (docx)


TOOK AN AFFIRMATIVE STEP TO CONCEAL THE CRIME

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 4
MISPRISION
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.4
MISPRISION OF A FELONY (18 U.S.C. § 4) (wpd/doc/docx)


TOOK DELIBERATE ACTION TO AVOID LEARNING THAT FACT

3rd Cir Criminal 5.06
Willful Blindness [Deliberate Ignorance] (docx/wpd)
7th Cir Criminal 4.10
KNOWINGLY - DEFINITION
8th Cir Criminal 7.4
DELIBERATE IGNORANCE/WILLFUL BLINDNESS (wpd/doc/docx)


TOOLS OF TECHNOLOGY

3rd Cir Civil 1.3
Preliminary Instructions - Conduct of the Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 1.03
Conduct of the Jury (docx/wpd)
5th Cir Civil 1.2
Preliminary Instructions to Jury (rtf)
5th Cir Criminal 1.01
Preliminary Instructions (rtf)
6th Cir Criminal 8.02
EXPERIMENTS, RESEARCH, INVESTIGATION AND OUTSIDE COMMUNICATIONS (wpd/docx)


TOOLS OF THE TRADE

4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 856
MAINTAINING DRUG-INVOLVED PREMISES
8th Cir Criminal 6.21.856A
ESTABLISHMENT OF MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS-MAINTAINING ANY PLACE FOR MANUFACTURING (21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1)) (wpd/doc/docx)


TOOLS USED IN MAKING, FORGING, ALTERING, OR COUNTERFEITING

7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2314
INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF TOOLS USED IN MAKING, FORGING, ALTERING, OR COUNTERFEITING ANY SECURITY OR TAX STAMPS - ELEMENTS


TOP MANAGEMENT

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 10.1
Punitive Damages
5th Cir Civil 11.14
Title VII and ADA Damages (rtf)
11th Cir Civil 4.5
Title VII - Civil Rights Act - Discrimination - Discharge or Failure to Promote - Including 'Same Decision' Defense (docx)


TORPEDO STATION

4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 793
TRANSMITTING DEFENSE INFORMATION


TORRENT

9th Cir Civil 17.21
SECONDARY LIABILITY-CONTRIBUTORY INFRINGEMENT-ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 17.30
COPYRIGHT-AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE-LIMITATION ON LIABILITY FOR INFORMATION RESIDING ON SYSTEMS OR NETWORKS AT DIRECTION OF USERS (17 U.S.C. § 512(c)) (wpd)


TORT LAW

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 1.1
General Discrimination: Pretext
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 10.1
Punitive Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 2.1
Sexual Harassment-Quid Pro Quo
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 6.1
Excessive Force-Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.1341
Mail Fraud, 18 U.S.C. § 1341
3rd Cir Civil 11.3.7
Equal Pay Act Damages - Damages for Retaliation (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.11.2
Section 1983 - Conditions of Confinement - Convicted Prisoner - Failure to Protect from Suicidal Action (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.13
Section 1983 - Malicious Prosecution (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.4.2
Section 1983 - Action under Color of State Law - Determining When an Official Acted under Color of State Law (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.1
Section 1983 - Damages - Compensatory Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 5.10
Failure to Act (Omissions) (docx/wpd)
5th Cir Civil 13.4
Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act (15 U.S.C. § 1709) (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 13.2.1
Contributory Infringement
7th Cir Civil 9.04
Damages
9th Cir Civil 9.2
CAUSATION (wpd)
11th Cir Civil 5.13
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Damages (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.5
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth Amendment Claim - Malicious Prosecution (docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.9
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Eighth or Fourteenth Amendment Claim - Failure to Protect (docx)


TORT-LIKE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.4
Equal Pay Act Damages
3rd Cir Civil 7.5
Section 1983 - Employment - Damages (docx)


TORT-TYPE DAMAGES

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.1
Compensatory Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.2
ADEA Damages
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 9.4
Equal Pay Act Damages


TORTFEASOR'S WEALTH

3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)


TORTIOUS ACT OR CONDUCT

3rd Cir Civil 4.8.3
Section 1983 - Damages - Punitive Damages (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.00
Title VII Introductory Instruction (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030
COMPUTER CRIMES
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 2701
ACCESS TO STORED COMMUNICATIONS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)(A), (B), AND (C)
OBTAINING FINANCIAL INFORMATION BY UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS OF A COMPUTER - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030B
COMPUTER FRAUD [OBTAINING CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)) (wpd/doc/docx)
11th Cir Civil 5.3
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth Amendment Claim - Private Person Alleging Unlawful Arrest, Unlawful Search, or Unlawful Terry Stop (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O42.2
Computer Fraud: Obtaining Financial Information - 18 U.S.C. § 1030(A) and (B) (docx)


TORTURE

3rd Cir Civil 4.10
Section 1983 - Excessive Force - Convicted Prisoner (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1111
MURDER
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 3591
DEATH PENALTY
5th Cir Criminal 2.52A
18 U.S.C. § 1111 - Murder (First Degree) (rtf)
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1111
FIRST DEGREE MURDER - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 12.7F
COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE IN AN ESPECIALLY HEINOUS CRUEL OR DEPRAVED MANNER (18 U.S.C. § 3592(c)(6)) (wpd/doc/docx)
10th Cir Criminal 3.8.6
HEINOUS, CRUEL, OR DEPRAVED MANNER OF COMMITTING THE OFFENSE
11th Cir Criminal O45.3
Second-Degree Murder - 18 U.S.C. § 1111 (docx)


TOTAL MIX OF AVAILABLE INFORMATION

11th Cir Civil 6.1
Securities Exchange Act 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Device, Scheme, or Artifice to Defraud (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 78j - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5 - Misrepresentation or Omission of Material Facts (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.1
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. §§ 10 and 20A - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - Private-Plaintiff Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.3.2
Securities Exchange Act - 15 U.S.C. § 10 - Rule 10b-5 - 17 C.F.R. §§ 240.10b-5 - Insider Trading - SEC Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.5
Securities Exchange Act § 14 - 15 U.S.C. § 77n - Rule 14a-9 - 17 C.F.R. § 14a-9 - Solicitation of Proxies (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.8
Section 17 of the Securities Act of 1933 - 15 U.S.C. § 77q - Fraud In the Offer and Sale of a Security Through A Device, Scheme, or Artifice to Defraud - SEC Version (docx)
11th Cir Civil 6.9
Section 17 of the Securities Act of 1933 - 15 U.S.C. § 77q - Misrepresentation or Omission in the Offer or Sale of a Security - SEC Version (docx)


TOTAL OFFSET METHOD

3rd Cir Civil 5.4.4
Title VII Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 6.4.4
Section 1981 Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 9.4.4
ADA Damages - Front Pay - For Advisory or Stipulated Jury (docx)


TOTAL VALUE

7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2)
TRAFFICKING OR USE OF UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS DEVICES - ELEMENTS
7th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(5)
FRAUDULENT TRANSACTIONS WITH ANOTHER'S ACCESS DEVICE - ELEMENTS
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.1030C
COMPUTER FRAUD [ACCESSING A NONPUBLIC COMPUTER] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(3)) (wpd/doc/docx)
8th Cir Criminal 6.18.2314
INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2314) (FIRST PARAGRAPH) (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Criminal 8.99
COMPUTER FRAUD-USE OF PROTECTED COMPUTER (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(4)) (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 2.50.2
USE OF UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS DEVICE (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2))
10th Cir Criminal 2.82
INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2314) (First Paragraph)
10th Cir Criminal 2.83
SALE OR RECEIPT OF STOLEN PROPERTY (18 U.S.C. § 2315) (First Paragraph)


TOTALITY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 2.2
Sexual Harassment-Hostile Environment Created by Supervisors or Defendant Itself
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 2.3
Sexual Harassment-Hostile Environment Created by Co-workers, Customers, Etc.
1st Cir Civil (excessive force) 1.1
Excessive Force in Violation of the Fourth Amendment
3rd Cir Civil 4.12.1
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Terry Stop and Frisk (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.12.2
Section 1983 - Unlawful Seizure - Arrest - Probable Cause (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.4.2
Section 1983 - Action under Color of State Law - Determining When an Official Acted under Color of State Law (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9
Section 1983 - Excessive Force (Including Some Types of Deadly Force) - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 4.9.1
Section 1983 - Instruction for Garner-Type Deadly Force Cases - Stop, Arrest, or other 'Seizure' (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.1.4
Elements of a Title VII Action - Harassment - Hostile Work Environment - Tangible Employment Action (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 5.3.1
Title VII Defenses - Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (docx)
3rd Cir Civil 8.3.3
ADEA Defenses - Waiver (docx)
3rd Cir Criminal 7.02
Accomplice Liability: Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(a)) (docx/wpd)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 371
CONSPIRACY
4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 841
DISTRIBUTION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES BY PHYSICIAN
4th Cir Criminal 21 U.S.C. § 846
CONSPIRACY
4th Cir Criminal VII.E.
Confession
4th Cir Criminal VII.O.
Identification
5th Cir Civil 4.1
Seaman Status (rtf)
7th Cir Civil 3.04
HARASSMENT BY CO-EMPLOYEE OR THIRD PARTY
7th Cir Civil 7.10
FOURTH AMENDMENT:
8th Cir Civil 3.07
EXPLANATORY: 'ALLEN' CHARGE TO BE GIVEN AFTER EXTENDED DELIBERATION (docx)
8th Cir Civil 8.41
ELEMENTS OF CLAIM: HARASSMENT (docx)
8th Cir Criminal 5.6B
CONSPIRACY: SINGLE/MULTIPLE CONSPIRACIES (wpd/doc/docx)
9th Cir Civil 10.5
CIVIL RIGHTS-TITLE VII-HOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT-HARASSMENT BECAUSE OF PROTECTED CHARACTERISTICS-ELEMENTS (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.12
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-GENERALLY (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.13
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.15
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-CONSENT (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.16
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-EXIGENT CIRCUMSTANCES (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.17
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-EMERGENCY AID (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.21
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-TERRY STOP (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.22
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEARCH-EXCEPTION TO WARRANT REQUIREMENT-TERRY FRISK (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.23
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-PROBABLE CAUSE ARREST (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.24
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-DETENTION DURING EXECUTION OF SEARCH WARRANT (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 9.25
PARTICULAR RIGHTS-FOURTH AMENDMENT-UNREASONABLE SEIZURE OF PERSON-EXCESSIVE (DEADLY AND NONDEADLY) FORCE (wpd)
9th Cir Criminal 4.11
EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION (wpd)
10th Cir Criminal 1.25
VOLUNTARINESS OF STATEMENT BY DEFENDANT (Single Defendants)
11th Cir Civil 5.3
Civil Rights - 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Claims - Fourth Amendment Claim - Private Person Alleging Unlawful Arrest, Unlawful Search, or Unlawful Terry Stop (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O34.1
Dealing in Firearms without a License - 18 U.S.C. § 922(A) (docx)


TOTALITY OF THE EVIDENCE

1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 1.1
General Discrimination: Pretext
1st Cir Civil (employment discrimination) 1.2
General Discrimination: Mixed Motive
1st Cir Criminal 4.18.371(1)
Conspiracy, 18 U.S.C. § 371; 21 U.S.C. § 846


TOUSSIE V. UNITED STATES

4th Cir Criminal VI.T.
Statute of Limitations (18 U.S.C. § 3282)


TOWN OF NEWTON V. RUMERY

3rd Cir Civil 4.7.3
Section 1983 - Affirmative Defenses - Release-Dismissal Agreement (docx)


TOXIC CHEMICALS

3rd Cir Civil 11.1.1
Basic Elements of an Equal Pay Act Claim (docx)
4th Cir Criminal 18 U.S.C. § 229
CHEMICAL WEAPONS
11th Cir Criminal O84
Transportation of Explosive, Biological, Chemical or Radioactive or Nuclear Materials - 18 U.S.C. § 2283 (docx)


TOXINS

9th Cir Civil 12.
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT-Introductory Comment (wpd)
9th Cir Civil 12.11
ADA-DEFENSES-DIRECT THREAT (wpd)
11th Cir Criminal O84
Transportation of Explosive, Biological, Chemical or Radioactive or Nuclear Materials - 18 U.S.C. § 2283 (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O90
Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction Against Person or Property in the United States - 18 U.S.C. § 2332a (docx)


TOY GUN

1st Cir Criminal 4.18.2113(a), (d)
Armed or Aggravated Bank Robbery, 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a), (d)
11th Cir Criminal O76.2
Bank Robbery - 18 U.S.C. § 2113 (a) and (d) (Subsections and Alleged in Separate Counts) (docx)
11th Cir Criminal O76.3
Bank Robbery - 18 U.S.C. § 2113 (a) and (d) (Subsections and Alleged in the Same Count) (docx)


TOYOTA MOTOR MFG. V. WILLIAMS

3rd Cir Civil 9.2.1
ADA Definitions - Disability (docx)
9th Cir Civil 12.
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT-Introductory Comment (wpd)
 
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