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Federal Criminal Jury Instructions Tables of Contents

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Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 1.
Preliminary Instructions Before Opening Statements

1.01 Preliminary Instructions to Jury Panel
1.02 Role of the Jury
1.03 Conduct of the Jury
1.04 Bench (Side-Bar) Conferences
1.05 Note Taking by Jurors
1.06 Questions by Jurors of Witnesses
1.07 Description of Trial Proceedings
1.08 Evidence (What is)
1.09 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
1.10 Credibility of Witnesses
1.11 Nature of the Indictment
1.12 Elements of the Offense(s) Charged
1.13 Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof; Reasonable Doubt
1.14 Separate Consideration – Single Defendant Charged With Multiple Offenses
1.15 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Single Offense
1.16 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Same Offense
1.17 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Different Offenses
1.18 Pro Se Defendant
1.19 Corporate Criminal Responsibility

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 2.
Instructions For Use During Trial

2.01 Recesses
2.02 Stipulated Testimony
2.03 Stipulation of Fact
2.04 Judicial Notice (F.R.E. 201)
2.05 Audio/Video Recordings - Consensual
2.06 Audio/Video Recordings - Non-consensual (Wiretaps)
2.07 Audio/Video Recordings - Transcripts
2.08 Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language
2.09 Opinion Evidence (Expert Witnesses)
2.10 Opinion Evidence (Lay Witnesses) (F.R.E. 701)
2.11 Limited Admissibility: Evidence Admitted for a Limited Purpose
2.12 Limited Admissibility: Evidence Admitted Against Only One Defendant
2.13 Prior Conviction of Defendant Charged with Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C.A. § 922(g))
2.14 Stricken Testimony, Disregard
2.15 Prior Consistent Statements (F.R.E. 801(d)(1)(B))
2.16 Impeachment of Witness – Prior Inconsistent Statement for Credibility Only
2.17 Impeachment of Defendant's Character Witness (F.R.E. 404, 405)
2.18 Impeachment of Witness – Prior Bad Acts (F.R.E. 608(b))
2.19 Impeachment of Witness – Prior Conviction (F.R.E. 609)
2.20 Impeachment of Witness – Violation of Sequestration Order

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.

2.21 Fifth Amendment Privilege of Witness Other Than the Defendant
2.22 Witness Who Has Pleaded Guilty to the Same or Related Charges
2.23 Defendant's Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (F.R.E. 404(b))
2.24 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (F.R.E. 608(b))
2.25 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (F.R.E. 609)
2.26 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Inconsistent Statement Taken in Violation of Miranda
2.27 Prior Statement of Defendant – Single Defendant on Trial
2.28 Prior Statement of a Defendant – Multi-Defendant Trial
2.29 Photographs, Inflammatory
2.30 Photograph of Defendant ("Mug Shots")
2.31 Dismissal During Trial of Some Charges Against Single Defendant
2.32 Disposition During Trial of All Charges Against One or More Co-Defendant(s)
2.33 Previous Proceeding (Trial) of Defendant
2.34 Disruptive Defendant
2.35 Discharge of Defense Counsel During Trial
2.36 Prejudicial Publicity During Trial
2.37 Instructions Prior to Closing Arguments

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 3.
Final Instructions: General

3.01 Role of Jury
3.02 Evidence
3.03 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
3.04 Credibility of Witnesses
3.05 Not All Evidence, Not All Witnesses Needed
3.06 Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof; Reasonable Doubt
3.07 Nature of Indictment
3.08 On or About
3.09 Venue
3.10 Elements of Offense(s) Charged
3.11 Lesser Included Offenses
3.12 Separate Consideration – Single Defendant Charged With Multiple Offenses
3.13 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Single Offense
3.14 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Same Offense
3.15 Separate Consideration – Multiple Defendants Charged With Different Offenses
3.16 Election Of Foreperson; Unanimous Verdict; Do Not Consider Punishment; Duty To Deliberate; Communication With Court
3.17 Verdict Form
3.18 Special Verdict Form; Special Interrogatories

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 4.
Final Instructions: Consideration of Particular Kinds of Evidence

4.01 Stipulated Testimony
4.02 Stipulation of Fact
4.03 Judicial Notice (F.R.E. 201)
4.04 Audio/Video Recordings - Consensual
4.05 Audio/Video Recordings - Non-consensual
4.06 Audio/Video Recordings - Transcripts
4.07 Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language
4.08 Opinion Evidence (Expert Witnesses)
4.09 Opinion Evidence (Lay Witnesses) (F.R.E. 701)
4.10 Summaries – Not Admitted
4.11 Summaries – Admitted (F.R.E 1006)
4.12 Chain of Custody
4.13 Fingerprints, Handwriting, and DNA Evidence
4.14 Specific Investigation Techniques Not Required
4.15 Eyewitness Identification of the Defendant
4.16 Missing Witness
4.17 Child Witness
4.18 Credibility of Witnesses – Law Enforcement Officer
4.19 Credibility of Witnesses - Witness Who Has Pleaded Guilty to Same or Related Offense, Accomplices, Immunized Witnesses, Cooperating Witnesses
4.20 Credibility of Witnesses - Testimony of Informer

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.

4.21 Credibility of Witnesses - Testimony of Addict or Substance Abuser
4.22 Impeachment of Witness – Prior Inconsistent Statement for Credibility Only
4.23 Impeachment - Bad Character for Truthfulness (F.R.E. 608(a))
4.24 Impeachment of Witness - Prior Bad Acts (F.R.E. 608(b))
4.25 Impeachment of Witness - Prior Conviction (F.R.E. 609)
4.26 False in One, False in All (Falsus in Uno, Falsus in Omnibus)
4.27 Defendant’s Choice not to Testify or Present Evidence
4.28 Defendant’s Testimony
4.29 Defendant’s Prior Bad Acts or Crimes (F.R.E. 404(b))
4.30 Consciousness of Guilt (Flight, Concealment, Use of an Alias, etc.)
4.31 Consciousness of Guilt (False Exculpatory Statements)
4.32 Prior Statement of Defendant – Single Defendant on Trial
4.33 Prior Statement of Non-testifying Defendant in Multi-Defendant Trial
4.34 Silence in the Face of Accusation
4.35 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Bad Acts (F.R.E. 608(b))
4.36 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Conviction (F.R.E. 609)
4.37 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Inconsistent Statement Taken in Violation of Miranda
4.38 Impeachment of Defendant - Prior Inconsistent Statement Not Taken in Violation of Miranda
4.39 Defendant's Character Evidence
4.40 Impeachment of Defendant’s Character Witness

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 5.
Final Instructions: Consideration of Mental State

5.01 Proof of Required Mental State
5.02 Knowingly
5.03 Intentionally
5.04 Motive Explained
5.05 Willfully
5.06 Willful Blindness
5.07 Good Faith Defense
5.08 Recklessly
5.09 Negligently
5.10 Failure to Act (Omissions)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 6.
Final Instructions: Elements Of Offenses

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Bankruptcy Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 152(1))
6.18.152(1) Bankruptcy - Fraudulent Concealment of Assets - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. §152(1))

Bribery of Public Officials and Witnesses (18 U.S.C. § 201)
6.18.201B1 Bribery of a Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)))
6.18.201B1-1 Bribery of a Public Official - "Public Official" Defined
6.18.201B1-2 Bribery of a Public Official - "Official Act" Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.201B1-3 Bribery of a Public Official - "Corruptly" Defined
6.18.201B2 Receiving Bribe by Public Official (18 U.S.C. §201(b)(2))
6.18.201B2-1 Receiving Bribe by Public Official - "Corruptly" Defined
6.18.201B3 Bribery of a Witness (18 U.S.C. §201(b)(3)
6.18.201B4 Soliciting Bribe by Witness (18 U.S.C. §201(b)(4))
6.18.201C1A Illegal Gratuity to a Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A))
6.18.201C1B Receiving Illegal Gratuity by a Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Conspiracy
6.18.371A Conspiracy to Commit an Offense Against the United States – Basic Elements
6.18.371B Conspiracy to Defraud the United States – Basic Elements
6.18.371C Conspiracy – Existence of an Agreement
6.18.371D Conspiracy – Membership in the Agreement
6.18.371E Conspiracy – Mental States
6.18.371F Conspiracy – Overt Acts
6.18.371G Conspiracy – Success Immaterial
6.18.371H Conspiracy – Single or Multiple Conspiracies
6.18.371I Conspiracy – Duration
6.18.371J Conspiracy – Withdrawal Before the Commission of an Overt Act as a Defense to Conspiracy
6.18.371K Conspiracy – Withdrawal as Defense to Conspiracy Based on Statute of Limitations
6.18.371L Conspiracy – Acts and Statements of Co-Conspirators

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Misapplication of Bank Funds
6.18.656 Misapplication of Bank Funds (18 U.S.C. § 656)
6.18.656-1 Misapplication of Bank Funds - Intent to Defraud Defined

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Theft from Interstate Shipment and related offenses
6.18.659A Theft From Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. §659) (First Paragraph)
6.18.659B Possession of Property Stolen from an Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. §659) (Second Paragraph)
6.18.659B-1 Possession of Property Stolen from an Interstate Shipment - Inference of Knowledge from Possession of Recently Stolen Property

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Theft, Solicitation and Bribery involving Federal Funds and/or Federal Agent (18 U.S.C. § 666A et seq.)
6.18.666A1A Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A)) (revised 2/2022)
6.18.666A1A-1 Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds - Agent of Organization or Government Defined (revised 2/2022)
6.18.666A1A-2 Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds - Received Federal Funds Defined (revised 2017)
6.18.666A1A-3 Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds - Stole, Embezzled, Converted, and Misapplied Defined (revised 2/2022)
6.18.666A1A-4 Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds - Belonging to and In the Care, Custody, or Control of Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.666A1A-5 Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds - Determining Value of Property
6.18.666A1B Solicitation of a Bribe by an Agent of a Program Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B)) (revised 2017)
6.18.666A1B-1 Solicitation of a Bribe - Thing of Value Defined
6.18.666A1B-2 Solicitation of a Bribe - Corruptly with Intent to be Influenced Defined (revised 11/2013)
6.18.666A1B-3 Solicitation of a Bribe - Determining Value of Transaction (revised 11/2013)
6.18.666A2 Bribery of an Agent of a Program Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2)) (revised 11/2013)
6.18.666A2-1 Bribery of an Agent - Thing of Value Defined
6.18.666A2-2 Bribery of an Agent - Corruptly with Intent to Influence Defined (revised 11/2013)
6.18.666A2-3 Bribery of an Agent - Determining Value of Transaction (revised 11/2013)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Firearm Offenses (18 U.S.C. §§ 922, 924)
6.18.922A False Statement in Purchase of a Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6))
6.18.922A-1 Firearm Offenses - Dealer Defined
6.18.922A-2 Firearm Offenses - Firearm Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.922A-3 Firearm Offenses - Material Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.922D Sale of Firearm to Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C. § 922(d)(1))
6.18.922D-1 Firearm Offenses - Reasonable Cause to Believe Defined
6.18.922G Felon In Possession of Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)) (non-bifurcated proceeding) (revised 2/2022)
6.18.922G-1 Felon In Possession of Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)) (bifurcated proceeding) (revised 2/2022)
6.18.922G-2 Proof of Prior Conviction (revised 2/2022)
6.18.922G-3 Evidence of Prior Conviction of Defendant Charged with Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)) (revised 2/2021)
6.18.922G-4 Firearm Offenses - Knowing Possession Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.922G-5 Firearm Offenses - In or Affecting Interstate or Foreign Commerce Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.922J Possession of Stolen Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(j))
6.18.922K Possession of Firearm With Serial Number Removed, Obliterated, or Altered (18 U.S.C. § 922(k)) (revised 2/2022)
6.18.924A Possession of a Firearm In Furtherance of Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (revised 2/2021)
6.18.924A-1 "In Furtherance of" Defined
6.18.924B Using or Carrying a Firearm During Any Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)) (revised 2/2022)
6.18.924C Aiding and Abetting 924(c) Violation (by participant in underlying predicate offense) [new instruction added 2/2022]

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Fraud Offenses - Mail, Wire, Bank and Health Care (18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343, 1344, 1347)
6.18.1341 Mail Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1341)
6.18.1341-1 Mail, Wire, or Bank Fraud - "Scheme to Defraud or to Obtain Money or Property" Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.1341-2 Mail, Wire, or Bank Fraud - Unanimity Required
6.18.1341-3 Mail or Wire Fraud - Protected Interests: Honest Services (revised 2022)
6.18.1341-4 Mail or Wire Fraud - "Intent to Defraud" Defined (revised 2/2021)
6.18.1341-5 Mail Fraud - "Use of the Mails" Defined (revised 2022)
6.18.1341-6 Mail Fraud - Each Use of the Mails a Separate Offense
6.18.1343 Wire Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1343) (revised 2017)
6.18.1343-1 Wire Fraud - "Transmits by means of wire, radio, or television communication in interstate commerce" - Defined (revised 2015)
6.18.1343-2 Wire Fraud - Each Transmission by Wire Communication a Separate Offense (revised 2/2021)
6.18.1344 Bank Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1344) (revised 2022)
6.18.1344-1 Bank Fraud - "Intent to Defraud" Defined (revised 2014) (revised 2017)
6.18.1347 Health Care Fraud - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1347) (revised 2015)
6.18.1347-1 Health Care Fraud - "Intent to Defraud" Defined
6.18.1347-2 Health Care Fraud - Affecting Interstate Commerce

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Obstruction of Justice
6.18.1503C Obstruction of Justice (18 U.S.C. §1503)
6.18.1512A2 Obstruction of Justice - Witness Tampering Through Physical Force or Threat of Physical Force (18 U.S.C. § 1512 (a)(2)(A) and (B))
6.18.1512A2-1 Obstruction of Justice - Hindering Communication Through Physical Force or Threat of Physical Force (18 U.S.C. § 1512 (a)(2)(C))
6.18.1512B Obstruction of Justice - Witness Tampering Through Intimidation, Threats, or Corrupt Persuasion (18 U.S.C. § 1512 (b)(1) and (2))
6.18.1512B-1 Obstruction of Justice - Hindering Communication Through Intimidation, Threats, or Corrupt Persuasion (18 U.S.C. § 1512 (b)(3))
6.18.1512E Affirmative Defense - Truth-Seeking Lawful Conduct
6.18.1513B Retaliating Against a Witness, Victim, or Informant (18 U.S.C. § 1513 (b))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Hobbs Act Extortion and Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 1951
6.18.1951 Hobbs Act - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
6.18.1951-1 Hobbs Act - Robbery Defined
6.18.1951-2 Hobbs Act - Extortion by Force, Violence, or Fear
6.18.1951-3 Hobbs Act - “Unlawful Taking by Force, Violence or Fear” Defined
6.18.1951-4 Hobbs Act - “Fear of Injury” Defined
6.18.1951-5 Hobbs Act - Property Defined
6.18.1951-6 Hobbs Act - Extortion Under Color of Official Right
6.18.1951-7 Hobbs Act - Affecting Interstate Commerce Money Laundering

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Money Laundering (18 U.S.C. § 1956)
6.18.1956A Money Laundering - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. §1956(a)(1))
6.18.1956-1 Money Laundering - Conducting a Financial Transaction Defined
6.18.1956-2 Money Laundering - Interstate Commerce Defined
6.18.1956-3 Money Laundering - Proceeds of a Specified Unlawful Activity Defined
6.18.1956-4 Money Laundering - Knowledge that Property Represents Proceeds of Some Form of Unlawful Activity Defined
6.18.1956-5 Money Laundering - Intent to Promote, Intent to Conceal or Disguise, Intent to Avoid Reporting Requirement Defined
6.18.1956-6 Money Laundering - Unanimity Required

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO)
6.18.1962C RICO – Conducting or Participating in the Conduct of the Affairs of an Enterprise Through A Pattern Of Racketeering Activity; Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. §1962(c))
6.18.1962C-1 RICO – “Enterprise” Defined Generally
6.18.1962C-2 RICO – “Enterprise;” Association in Fact Defined
6.18.1962C-3 RICO – “Engaged in, or the Activities of Which Affect, Interstate or Foreign Commerce” Defined
6.18.1962C-4 RICO – “Employed by or Associated with Any Enterprise” Defined
6.18.1962C-5 RICO – “Conduct or Participate, Directly or Indirectly, in the Conduct of Such Enterprise’s Affairs” Defined
6.18.1962C-6 RICO – “Pattern Of Racketeering Activity” Defined
6.18.1962C-7 RICO – “Racketeering Activity” Defined
6.18.1962C-8 RICO – “Unlawful Debt” Defined
6.18.1962C-9 RICO – Verdict Form and Special Interrogatories
6.18.1962D RICO – Conspiracy; Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. §1962(d))
6.18.1963 RICO – Criminal Forfeiture of Property (18 U.S.C.§ 1963)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113)
6.18.2113A Bank Robbery - Unarmed - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 2113(a))
6.18.2113D Bank Robbery - Armed - Elements of the Offense (18 U.S.C. § 2113(d)) (revised 2022)
6.18.2113-1 Bank Robbery - Inference From Possession of Recently Stolen Money

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Controlled Substances
6.21.841A Controlled Substances – Possession with Intent to (Manufacture) (Distribute) (21 U.S.C. § 841(a) & (b))
6.21.841-1 Controlled Substances – Possession Defined
6.21.841-2 Controlled Substances – Distribute Defined
6.21.841-3 Controlled Substances – Controlled Substance Defined
6.21.841-4 Controlled Substances – Knowingly or Intentionally Defined
6.21.841-5 Controlled Substances – Intent to Manufacture or Distribute Defined
6.21.841B Controlled Substances – (Manufacture) (Distribute) a Controlled Substance (21 U.S.C. § 841(a) & (b))
6.21.841C Controlled Substances – Special Interrogatories and Verdict Forms With Respect to Weight
6.21.844 Controlled Substances – Possession (21 U.S.C. § 844)
6.21.846A Controlled Substances – Attempt to (Distribute) (Possess with Intent to Manufacture / Distribute) (Manufacture) (Possess) (21 U.S.C. § 846)
6.21.846B Controlled Substances – Conspiracy to (Distribute) (Possess with Intent to Manufacture / Distribute) (Manufacture) (Possess) (21 U.S.C. § 846)
6.21.853 Criminal Forfeiture of Property (Controlled Substances; 21 U.S.C. § 853)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Unregistered Firearm
6.26.5861 Possession of an Unregistered Firearm (26 U.S.C. § 5861)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir.
Tax Offenses
6.26.7201 Tax Evasion - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7201)
6.26.7201-1 Tax Evasion - Tax Deficiency Defined
6.26.7201-2 Tax Evasion - Computation of Tax Deficiency
6.26.7201-3 Tax Evasion - Affirmative Attempt to Evade or Defeat Defined
6.26.7201-4 Tax Evasion - Willfully Defined
6.26.7203 Failure to File a Tax Return - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7203)
6.26.7203-1 Failure to File a Tax Return - Requirement That a Return Be Filed
6.26.7203-2 Failure to File a Tax Return - Failure To File
6.26.7206 False Income Tax Return - Elements of the Offense (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1))
6.26.7206-1 False Income Tax Return - Making or Subscribing a Return Defined
6.26.7206-2 False Income Tax Return - Return Made Under Penalties of Perjury
6.26.7206-3 False Income Tax Return - Return Was Materially False
6.26.7206-4 False Income Tax Return - Defendant’s Knowledge of Falsity
6.26.7206-5 False Income Tax Return - Unanimity as to Falsity

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 7.
Final Instructions: Additional Bases for Criminal Responsibility

7.01 Attempt
7.02 Accomplice Liability; Aiding and Abetting
7.03 Responsibility for Substantive Offenses Committed by Co-Conspirators (Pinkerton Liability)
7.04 Withdrawal as a Defense to Substantive Offenses Committed by Co-Conspirators
7.05 Causing the Criminal Acts of Another
7.06 Corporate Criminal Responsibility
7.07 Personal Criminal Responsibility of a Corporate Agent
7.08 Accessory After the Fact

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 8.
Final Instructions: Defenses And Theories Of Defense

8.01 Theory of Defense
8.02 Alibi
8.03 Duress (Coercion)
8.04 Justification (Necessity)
8.05 Entrapment
8.06 Insanity
8.07 Voluntary Intoxication (Drug Use)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 3rd Cir. Chapter 9.
Supplemental Instructions

9.01 Retention of Alternate Jurors
9.02 Response To Jury Questions
9.03 Reading of Testimony
9.04 Sending Jury Home Overnight
9.05 Deadlocked Jury – Return for Deliberations
9.06 Deadlocked Jury – Discharge
9.07 Taking the Verdict
9.08 Partial Verdict
9.09 Return To Deliberations After Polling

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir. I.
General and Preliminary Instructions

1.01 Preliminary Instructions
1.02 Note Taking by Jurors (Optional Addition to Preliminary Instruction)
1.03 Introduction to Final Instructions
1.04 Duty to Follow Instructions
1.05 Presumption of Innocence, Burden of Proof, Reasonable Doubt
1.06 Evidence – Excluding What is Not Evidence
1.07 Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States – Defined
1.08 Evidence – Inferences – Direct and Circumstantial
1.09 Credibility of Witnesses
1.10 Character Evidence
1.11 Impeachment by Prior Inconsistencies
1.12 Impeachment by Prior Conviction (Defendant’s Testimony)
1.13 Impeachment by Prior Conviction (Witness Other Than Defendant)
1.14 Impeachment by Evidence of Untruthful Character
1.15 Accomplice – Informer – Immunity
1.16 Accomplice – Co-Defendant – Plea Agreement
1.17 Witness’s Use of Addictive Drugs
1.18 Expert Opinion of Testimony
1.19 On or About

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

1.20 Venue – Conspiracy
1.21 Caution – Consider Only Crime Charged
1.22 Caution – Punishment
1.23 Single Defendant – Multiple Counts
1.24 Multiple Defendants – Single Count
1.25 Multiple Defendants – Multiple Counts
1.26 Duty to Deliberate
1.27 Unanimity of Theory
1.28 Confession – Statement – Voluntariness (Single Defendant)
1.29 Confession – Statement – Voluntariness (Multiple Defendants)
1.30 Entrapment
1.31 Identification Testimony
1.32 Similar Acts
1.33 Possession
1.34 Attempt
1.35 Lesser Included Offense
1.36 Insanity
1.37 Alibi
1.38 Justification, Duress, or Coercion
1.39 Self-Defense – Defense of Third Person

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

1.40 Materiality
1.41 “Knowingly” – To Act
1.42 Deliberate Ignorance
1.43 “Willfully” – To Act
1.44 Interstate Commerce – Defined
1.45 Foreign Commerce – Defined
1.46 Commerce – Defined
1.47 “Affecting Commerce” – Defined
1.48 Cautionary Instruction During Trial – Transcript of Tape-Recorded Conversation
1.49 Transcript of Foreign Language – Tape Recorded Conversation
1.50 Summaries and Charts Not Received in Evidence
1.51 Summaries and Charts Received in Evidence Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 1006
1.52 Summary Witness Testimony and Charts Based on Other Evidence
1.53 Modified “Allen” Charge

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir. II.
SUBSTANTIVE OFFENSE INSTRUCTIONS

2.01A Bringing Aliens to the United States 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i)
2.01B Transporting Aliens Within the United States 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii)
2.01C Concealing or Harboring Aliens 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii)
2.02A Illegal Entry 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(1)
2.02B Eluding Examination or Inspection 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(2)
2.02C Illegal Entry by False or Misleading Representation 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(3)
2.02D Marriage Fraud 8 U.S.C. § 1325(c)
2.03 Illegal Reentry Following Deportation 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a)
2.04 Aiding and Abetting (Agency) 18 U.S.C. 2
2.05 Accessory After the Fact 18 U.S.C. § 3
2.06 Misprision of a Felony 18 U.S.C. § 4
2.07 Forcibly Assaulting a Federal Officer 18 U.S.C. § 111(a)(1) and (b)
2.08A Bankruptcy: Concealment of Assets (Bankruptcy Proceeding Pending) 18 U.S.C. § 152 (First Paragraph)
2.08B Bankruptcy: Presenting or Using a False Claim (Bankruptcy Proceeding Pending) 18 U.S.C. § 152 (Fourth Paragraph)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.09A Bribing a Public Official/Juror 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)
2.09B Receiving Bribe by a Public Official/Juror 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2)
2.09C Illegal Gratuity to a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A)
2.09D Receiving Illegal Gratuity by a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B)
2.10 Bribery or Reward of a Bank Officer 18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(1)
2.11 Conspiracy to Deprive Person of Civil Rights 18 U.S.C. § 241
2.12 Deprivation of Civil Rights 18 U.S.C. § 242
2.13 Conspiracy to Defraud the Government with Respect to Claims 18 U.S.C. § 286
2.14 False Claims Against the Government 18 U.S.C. § 287
2.15A Conspiracy to Commit Offense 18 U.S.C. § 371
2.15B Conspiracy to Defraud 18 U.S.C. § 371 (Second Clause)
2.16 Multiple Conspiracies
2.17 Conspirator's Liability for Substantive Count
2.18 Conspiracy—Withdrawal

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.19 Counterfeiting 18 U.S.C. § 471
2.20 Passing Counterfeit Securities or Obligations 18 U.S.C. § 472
2.21A Forgery Against the United States 18 U.S.C. § 495 (First Paragraph)
2.21B Uttering a Forged Writing to Defraud the United States 18 U.S.C. § 495 (Second Paragraph)
2.22A Forging Endorsement on a Treasury Check, Bond, or Security of the United States 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(1)
2.22B Uttering a Forged Treasury Check, Bond, or Security of the United States 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(2)
2.23A Securities of the States and Private Entities 18 U.S.C. § 513(a)
2.23B Securities of the States and Private Entities 18 U.S.C. § 513(b)
2.24A Smuggling 18 U.S.C. § 545
2.24B Illegal Importation of Merchandise 18 U.S.C. § 545 (Second Paragraph)
2.25 Exportation of Stolen Vehicles 18 U.S.C. § 553(a)(1) (First Paragraph)
2.26 Smuggling Goods from the United States 18 U.S.C. § 554

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.27 Theft of Government Money or Property 18 U.S.C. § 641 (First Paragraph)
2.28 Theft or Embezzlement by Bank Officer or Employee 18 U.S.C. § 656
2.29 Theft from Lending, Credit, and Insurance Institutions 18 U.S.C. § 657
2.30A Theft from Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659 (First Paragraph)
2.30B Buying or Receiving Goods Stolen from Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659 (Second Paragraph)
2.31 Theft Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction 18 U.S.C. § 661
2.32 Theft or Embezzlement from Employee Benefit Plan 18 U.S.C. § 664
2.33A Theft Concerning Programs Receiving Federal Funds 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A)
2.33B Bribery Concerning Programs Receiving Federal Funds (Soliciting a Bribe) 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B)
2.33C Bribery Concerning Programs Receiving Federal Funds (Offering a Bribe) 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.34 Escape 18 U.S.C. § 751(a)
2.35 Aiding Escape 18 U.S.C. § 752(a)
2.36A Dealing in Explosive Materials Without License 18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(1)
2.36B False Statements in Connection with Explosive Materials 18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(2)
2.36C Unlawful Distribution of Explosive Materials 18 U.S.C. § 842(d)
2.36D Possession of Explosives by a Prohibited Person 18 U.S.C. § 842(i)(1)
2.37A Destruction of Government Property by Fire or Explosion 18 U.S.C. § 844(f)(1)
2.37B Arson of Property Used in Interstate Commerce or Used in an Activity Affecting Interstate Commerce 18 U.S.C. § 844(i)
2.38 Threats Against the President and Successors 18 U.S.C. § 871
2.39 Interstate Transmission of Extortionate Communication 18 U.S.C. § 875(b)
2.40 Mailing Threatening Communications 18 U.S.C. § 876(b)
2.41 Misrepresentation of Citizenship 18 U.S.C. § 911

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.42 False Impersonation of Federal Officer or Employee – Demanding or Obtaining Anything of Value 18 U.S.C. § 912
2.43A Dealing in Firearms Without License 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(1)(A)
2.43B False Statement to Firearms Dealer 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6)
2.43C Unlawful Sale or Disposition of Firearm or Ammunition 18 U.S.C. § 922(d)
2.43D Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1); Note on Armed Career Criminal Act 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)
2.44A Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)
2.44B Possessing Firearm in Furtherance of the Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.45 False Statements to Federal Agencies and Agents 18 U.S.C. §§ 1001(a)(2) and (a)(3)
2.46 False Statements in Bank Records 18 U.S.C. § 1005 (Third Paragraph)
2.47 False Statement to a Bank 18 U.S.C. § 1014
2.48A Production of False Document 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1)
2.48B Possession of False Document with Intent to Defraud United States 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(4)
2.48C Aggravated Identity Theft 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1)
2.49A Use of Unauthorized Access Device 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2)
2.49B Possession of Counterfeit or Unauthorized Access Devices 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3)
2.50 False Statements Relating to Health Care Matters 18 U.S.C. § 1035

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.51 Transmission of Wagering Information 18 U.S.C. § 1084
2.52A Murder (First Degree) 18 U.S.C. § 1111
2.52B Murder (Second Degree) 18 U.S.C. § 1111
2.53 Voluntary Manslaughter 18 U.S.C. § 1112
2.54 Kidnapping 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1)
2.55 Hostage Taking 18 U.S.C. § 1203
2.56 Mail Fraud; Money/Property or Honest Services 18 U.S.C. § 1341 [18 U.S.C. § 1346]
2.57 Wire Fraud; Money/Property or Honest Services 18 U.S.C. § 1343 [18 U.S.C. § 1346]
2.58A Bank Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1344(1) [18 U.S.C. § 1346]
2.58B Bank Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1344(2)
2.59 Health Care Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1347(a)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.60 Mailing Obscene Material 18 U.S.C. § 1461
2.61 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Material (by Common Carrier) 18 U.S.C. § 1462
2.62 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Material (For Purpose of Sale or Distribution) 18 U.S.C. § 1465
2.63A Corruptly Obstructing Administration of Justice 18 U.S.C. § 1503(a)
2.63B Obstructing Administration of Justice by Threats or Force 18 U.S.C. § 1503(a)
2.63C Corruptly Influencing a Juror 18 U.S.C. § 1503(a)
2.64 Intimidation to Influence Testimony 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1)
2.65 Destroying, Altering, or Falsifying a Document in a Federal Investigation 18 U.S.C. § 1519

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.66 Misuse of a Passport 18 U.S.C. § 1544 (First and Second Paragraphs)
2.67A Counterfeiting Immigration Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) (First Paragraph, First Clause)
2.67B Use or Possession of Fraudulent Immigration Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) (First Paragraph, Second Clause)
2.67C False Statements in Connection with Immigration Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) (Fourth Paragraph)
2.68 Sex Trafficking 18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1)
2.69 False Declaration Before Grand Jury or Court 18 U.S.C. § 1623
2.70A Theft of Mail Matter 18 U.S.C. § 1708 (First Paragraph)
2.70B Possession of Stolen Mail 18 U.S.C. § 1708 (Third Paragraph)
2.71 Embezzlement/Theft of Mail Matter by Postal Service Employee 18 U.S.C. § 1709

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.72A Providing Contraband in Prison 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(1)
2.72B Possessing Contraband in Prison 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(2)
2.73A Extortion by Force, Violence, or Fear 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act)
2.73B Affecting Commerce by Robbery 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act)
2.73C Extortion under Color of Official Right 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act)
2.74 Interstate and Foreign Travel or Transportation in Aid of Racketeering Enterprises 18 U.S.C. § 1952(a)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.75 Illegal Gambling Business 18 U.S.C. § 1955
2.76A Laundering Monetary Instruments – Proceeds of Unlawful Activity 18 U.S.C. §§ 1956(a)(1)(A)(i) and 1956(a)(1)(B)(i)
2.76B Laundering Monetary Instruments—Property Represented to be Proceeds of Unlawful Activity 18 U.S.C. §§ 1956(a)(3)(A) and 1956(a)(3)(B)
2.76C Conspiracy to Commit Money Laundering (18 U.S.C. §§ 1956 and 1957) 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h)
2.77 Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived from Specified Unlawful Activity 18 U.S.C. § 1957
2.78 Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering 18 U.S.C. § 1959(a)
2.79 Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations 18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.80A Bank Robbery 18 U.S.C. §§ 2113(a) and (d)
2.80B Bank Theft 18 U.S.C. § 2113(b)
2.81 Carjacking 18 U.S.C. § 2119
2.82A Sexual Abuse—Threats or Fear 18 U.S.C. § 2242(1)
2.82B Sexual Abuse—Victim Incapable 18 U.S.C. § 2242(2)
2.82C Sexual Abuse of a Minor 18 U.S.C. § 2243(a)
2.82D Sexual Abuse of a Ward 18 U.S.C. § 2243(b)
2.83 Failure to Register as a Sex Offender 18 U.S.C. § 2250

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.84 Sexual Exploitation of Children – Producing Child Pornography 18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)
2.85A Sexual Exploitation and Other Abuses of Children – Receiving and Distributing Material Involving Sexual Exploitation of Minors 18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(2)
2.85B Sexual Exploitation of Children – Possession of Child Pornography 18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B)
2.85C Sexual Exploitation of Children—Transporting or Shipping of Child Pornography (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1)
2.85D Sexual Exploitation of Children—Receiving or Distributing Child Pornography (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A)
2.85E Sexual Exploitation of Children—Receiving or Distributing Material that Contains Child Pornography 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(B)
2.85F Sexual Exploitation of Children—Possessing or Accessing Child Pornography (Visual Depiction of an Actual Minor) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.86A Stalking 18 U.S.C. § 2261A(1)
2.86B Stalking 18 U.S.C. § 2261A(2)
2.87 Interstate Transportation of a Stolen Motor Vehicle, Vessel, or Aircraft 18 U.S.C. § 2312
2.88 Receipt of a Stolen Motor Vehicle, Vessel, or Aircraft 18 U.S.C. § 2313
2.89 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property 18 U.S.C. § 2314 (First Paragraph)
2.90 Receipt, Possession, or Sale of Stolen Property 18 U.S.C. § 2315 (First Paragraph)
2.91A Trafficking in Counterfeit Goods or Services 18 U.S.C. § 2320(a)(1)
2.91B Trafficking in Goods or Services Bearing a Counterfeit Mark Likely to Cause Confusion, Mistake, or Deception 18 U.S.C. § 2320(a)(2)
2.91C Trafficking in Counterfeit Military Goods or Services 18 U.S.C. § 2320(a)(3)
2.91D Trafficking in Drugs with Counterfeit Marks18 U.S.C. § 2320(a)(4)
2.92A Providing Material Support to Terrorists 18 U.S.C. § 2339A
2.92B Providing Material Support to a Designated Foreign Terrorist Organization 18 U.S.C. § 2339B
2.93 Enticement of a Minor 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)
2.94 Failure to Appear 18 U.S.C. 3146

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.95A Controlled Substance - Possession with Intent to Distribute 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
2.95B Possession with Intent to Distribute Analogue 21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32)(A), 813, 841
2.96 Unlawful Use of Communication Facility 21 U.S.C. § 843(b)
2.97 Controlled Substances – Conspiracy 21 U.S.C. § 846
2.98A Continuing Criminal Enterprise 21 U.S.C. § 848
2.98B Killing While Engaged in a Continuing Criminal Enterprise 21 U.S.C. § 848(c)(1)(A)
2.99 Controlled Substances – Manufacturing Operations 21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1)
2.100 Controlled Substances – Unlawful Importation 21 U.S.C. §§ 952(a) and 960(a)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.101 Exporting Arms Without a License 22 U.S.C. § 2778(c)
2.102 Receiving or Possessing Unregistered Firearms 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
2.103 Tax Evasion 26 U.S.C. § 7201
2.104A False Statements on Income Tax Return 26 U.S.C. § 7206(1)
2.104B Aiding or Assisting in Preparation of False Documents under Internal Revenue Laws 26 U.S.C. § 7206(2)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.105 Reports on Exporting and Importing Monetary Instruments 31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1)
2.106 Structuring Transactions to Evade Reporting Requirements 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
2.107 Bulk Cash Smuggling 31 U.S.C. § 5332(a) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B)
2.108A Use of a Falsely Obtained Social Security Number 42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(A)
2.108B False Representation as to a Social Security Number 42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(A)
2.108C Social Security Card Alteration 42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(C)
2.109A Soliciting or Receiving Kickbacks for Referrals to Federal Health Programs (“Anti-Kickback Statute”) 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)(1)(A)
2.109B Paying or Offering to Pay Kickbacks for Referrals to Federal Health Programs (“Anti-Kickback Statute”) 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)(2)(A)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 5th Cir.

2.110 Interference with Security Screening Personnel 49 U.S.C. 46503
2.111 Interference with Flight Crew Members and Attendants 49 U.S.C. 46504
2.112A Carrying a Concealed Weapon on an Aircraft 49 U.S.C. 46505(b)(1)
2.112B Placing a Loaded Firearm on an Aircraft 49 U.S.C. 46505(b)(2)
2.112C Placing an Explosive Device on an Aircraft 49 U.S.C. 46505(b)(3)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir.

Standard of Appellate Review

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 1.00
General Principles

1.01 Introduction
1.02 Jurors’ Duties
1.03 Presumption of Innocence, Burden of Proof, Reasonable Doubt
1.04 Evidence Defined
1.05 Consideration of Evidence
1.06 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
1.07 Credibility of Witnesses
1.08 Number of Witnesses
1.09 Lawyers’ Objections

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 2.00
Defining the Crime and Related Matters

2.01 Introduction
2.01A Separate Consideration - Single Defendant Charged with Multiple Crimes
2.01B Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with a Single Crime
2.01C Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with Same Crimes
2.01D Separate Consideration - Multiple Defendants Charged with Different Crimes
2.02 Definition of the Crime
2.03 Definition of Lesser Offense
2.04 On or About
2.05 Willfully
2.06 Knowingly
2.07 Specific Intent
2.08 Inferring Required Mental State
2.09 Deliberate Ignorance
2.10 Actual and Constructive Possession
2.10A Actual Possession
2.11 Joint Possession
2.12 Use of the Word “And” in the Indictment

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 3.00
Conspiracy

3.01A Conspiracy to Commit an Offense (18 U.S.C. § 371)--Basic Elements
3.01B Conspiracy to Defraud the United States (18 U.S.C. § 371)--Basic Elements
3.02 Agreement
3.03 Defendant’s Connection to the Conspiracy
3.04 Overt Acts (18 U.S.C. § 371)
3.05 Bad Purpose or Corrupt Motive
3.06 Unindicted, Unnamed or Separately Tried Co-Conspirators
3.07 Venue
3.08 Multiple Conspiracies--Material Variance From the Indictment
3.09 Multiple Conspiracies--Factors in Determining
3.10 Pinkerton Liability for Substantive Offenses Committed by Others
3.11A Withdrawal as a Defense to Conspiracy
3.11B Withdrawal as a Defense to Substantive Offenses Committed by Others
3.11C Withdrawal as a Defense to Conspiracy Based on the Statute of Limitations
3.12 Duration of a Conspiracy
3.13 Impossibility of Success
3.14 Statements by Co-Conspirators

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 4.00
Aiding and Abetting

4.01 Aiding and Abetting
4.01A Causing an Act
4.02 Accessory After the Fact

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 5.00
Attempts

5.01 Attempt-Basic Elements
5.02 Sham Controlled Substance Cases
5.03 Abandonment or Renunciation

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 6.00
Defenses

6.01 Defense Theory
6.02 Alibi
6.03 Entrapment
6.04 Insanity
6.05 Coercion/Duress
6.06 Self-Defense
6.07 Justification
6.08 Fraud – Good Faith Defense
6.09 Entrapment by Estoppel

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 7.00
Special Evidentiary Matters

7.01 Introduction
7.02A Defendant's Election Not to Testify or Present Evidence
7.02B Defendant’s Testimony
7.02C Witness Other than Defendant Invoking the Fifth Amendment
7.03 Opinion Testimony
7.03A Witness Testifying to Both Facts and Opinions
7.04 Impeachment by Prior Inconsistent Statement Not Under Oath
7.05A Impeachment of Defendant by Prior Conviction
7.05B Impeachment of a Witness Other Than Defendant by Prior Conviction
7.06A Testimony of a Paid Informant
7.06B Testimony of an Addict-Informant Under Grant of Immunity or Reduced Criminal Liability
7.07 Testimony of a Witness Under Grant of Immunity or Reduced Criminal Liability
7.07A Testimony of a Witness under Compulsion
7.08 Testimony of an Accomplice
7.09 Character and Reputation of Defendant
7.10 Age of Witness
7.11 Identification Testimony
7.12 Summaries and Other Materials Not Admitted in Evidence
7.12A Secondary-Evidence Summaries Admitted in Evidence
7.13 Other Acts of Defendant
7.14 Flight, Concealment of Evidence, False Exculpatory Statements
7.15 Silence in the Face of Accusation [withdrawn]
7.16 Possession of Recently Stolen Property
7.17 Transcriptions of Recordings
7.18 Separate Consideration--Evidence Admitted Against Certain Defendants Only
7.19 Judicial Notice
7.20 Statement by Defendant
7.21 Stipulations

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 8.00
Deliberation and Verdict

8.01 Introduction
8.02 Experiments, Research, Investigation, and Outside Communications
8.03 Unanimous Verdict
8.03A Unanimity of Theory [withdrawn]
8.03B Unanimity Not Required – Means
8.03C Unanimity Required – Statutory Maximum Penalty Increased, Controlled Substances [withdrawn and replaced with Instruction 14.07A]
8.04 Duty to Deliberate
8.05 Punishment
8.06 Verdict Form
8.07 Lesser Offense, Order of Deliberations, Verdict Form
8.08 Verdict Limited to Charges Against This Defendant
8.09 Court Has No Opinion
8.10 Juror Notes

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 9.00
Supplemental Instructions

9.01 Supplemental Instructions in Response to Juror Questions
9.02 Rereading of Testimony
9.03 Partial Verdicts
9.04 Deadlocked Jury
9.05 Questionable Unanimity After Polling

Elements Instructions

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 10.00
Fraud Offenses

10.01 Mail Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1341)
10.02 Wire Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1343)
10.03A Bank Fraud – Scheme to Defraud a Bank (18 U.S.C. § 1344(1))
10.03B Bank Fraud – Scheme to Obtain Bank Property by Means of False or Fraudulent Representations (18 U.S.C. § 1344(2))
10.04 Fraud – Good Faith Defense
10.05 Health Care Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1347)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 11.00
Money Laundering Offenses

11.01 Money Laundering – Domestic Financial Transaction (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A) (intent to promote the carrying on of specified unlawful activity))
11.02 Money Laundering – Domestic Financial Transaction (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B) (knowing the transaction is designed to conceal facts related to proceeds))
11.03 Money Laundering – International Transportation (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(A) (intent to promote the carrying on of specified unlawful activity))
11.04 Money Laundering – International Transportation (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(B) (knowing that the transportation involves proceeds of some form of unlawful activity and that it is designed to conceal facts related to proceeds))
11.05 Money Laundering – Undercover Investigation (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(3))
11.06 Money Laundering – Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived from Specified Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1957)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 12.00
Firearms Offenses

12.01 Firearms – Possession of Firearm or Ammunition by Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1))
12.02 Firearms – Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i))
12.03 Firearms – Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)(i))
12.04 Aiding and Abetting Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. §§ 924(c)(1)(A)(i) and 2)
12.05 Aiding and Abetting Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. §§ 924(c)(1)(A)(i) and 2)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 13.00
False Statements to the United States Government

13.01 Concealing a Material Fact in a Matter within the Jurisdiction of the United States Government (18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1))
13.02 Making a False Statement in a Matter within the Jurisdiction of the United States Government (18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2))
13.03 Making or Using a False Writing in a Matter within the Jurisdiction of the United States Government (18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(3))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 14.00
Controlled Substances Offenses

14.01 Possession of a Controlled Substance with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
14.02A Distribution of a Controlled Substance (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
14.02B Distribution of a Controlled Substance when Death or Serious Bodily Injury Results (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1); (b)(1)(A) - (C) and (b)(1)(E)(i) & (ii))
14.02C Dispensing or Distribution of a Controlled Substance by a Practitioner (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
14.03A Manufacture of a Controlled Substance (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
14.03B Manufacture of a Controlled Substance when Death or Serious Bodily Injury Results (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1); (b)(1)(A) - (C) and (b)(1)(E)(i) & (ii))
14.03C Manufacture of a Controlled Substance by a Practitioner (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
14.04 Possession of a Controlled Substance (21 U.S.C. § 844)
14.05 Conspiracy (21 U.S.C. § 846)
14.06 Distribution in or near Schools or Colleges (21 U.S.C. § 860(a))
14.07A Unanimity Required: Determining Amount of Controlled Substance (§ 841) and Special Verdict Forms 14.07A-1 and 14.07A-2
14.07B Unanimity Required: Determining Amount of Controlled Substance (§ 846) and Special Verdict Forms 14.07B-1 and 14.07B-2

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 15.00
Identity and Access Device Crimes

15.01 Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1) (producing an identification document, authentication feature, or false identification document))
15.02 Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(3) (possessing with intent to use unlawfully or transfer unlawfully five or more identification documents, authentication features, or false identification documents))
15.03 Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Identification Documents, Authentication Features, and Information (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(6) (possessing an identification document or authentication feature which was stolen or produced without lawful authority))
15.04 Aggravated Identity Theft (18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1))
15.05 Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Access Devices (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) (trafficking in or using one or more unauthorized access devices during a one-year period))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 16.00
Child Exploitation Offenses Section 2251 Offenses (Production)

16.01 Sexual Exploitation of Children: Using a Minor to Engage in Sexually Explicit Conduct to Produce a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2251(a))
16.02 Sexual Exploitation of Children: Transporting a Minor to Engage in Sexually Explicit Conduct to Produce a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2251(a))
16.03 Sexual Exploitation of Children: Permitting a Minor to Engage in Sexually Explicit Conduct to Produce a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2251(b)) Section 2252(a) Offenses
16.04 Material Involving the Sexual Exploitation of Minors: Transporting or Shipping a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(1))
16.05 Material Involving the Sexual Exploitation of Minors: Receiving, Distributing, or Reproducing for Distribution a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(2))
16.06 Material Involving the Sexual Exploitation of Minors: Possessing a Visual Depiction (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B)) Section 2252A(a) Offenses
16.07 Receiving or Distributing Child Pornography (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2))
16.08 Possessing or Accessing Child Pornography (18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)) Section 2422(b) Offense
16.09 Coercion and Enticement: Persuading a Minor to Engage in Prostitution or Unlawful Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)) Section 2423 Offenses
16.10 Transporting a Minor with Intent that the Minor Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2423(a))
16.11 Traveling with Intent to Engage in Illicit Sexual Conduct (18 U.S.C. § 2423(b)) Section 1591 Offense
16.12 Sex Trafficking (18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 17.00
Hobbs Act Offenses

17.01 Hobbs Act - Extortion by Force, Violence, or Fear (18 U.S.C. § 1951(a))
17.02 Hobbs Act - Extortion Under Color of Official Right (18 U.S.C. § 1951(a))
17.03 Hobbs Act - Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 1951(a))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Chapter 18.00
Transmission of a Threat to Kidnap or Injure

18.01 Transmission of a Threat to Kidnap or Injure (18 U.S.C. § 875(c))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 6th Cir. Appendix
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Laundering of monetary instruments – diagrams of offense

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS—FOR USE AT THE BEGINNING OF TRIAL
Functions of Court and Jury
The Charge
Presumption of Innocence/Burden of Proof
The Evidence
Testimony Presented Through Interpreter
Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
Considering the Evidence
Credibility of Witnesses
Number of Witnesses
Juror Note-Taking
Juror Conduct
Conduct of the Trial

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
1.01 Functions of Court and Jury
1.02 The Charge
1.03 Presumption of Innocence/Burden of Proof
1.04 Definition of Reasonable Doubt
1.05 Definition of Crime Charged
1.06 Definition of Felony/Misdemeanor
1.07 Bill of Particulars

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 2
2.01 The Evidence
2.02 Considering the Evidence
2.03 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
2.04 Number of Witnesses
2.05 Defendant’s Failure to Testify or Present Evidence

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 3
3.01 Credibility of Witnesses
3.02 Attorney Interviewing Witness
3.03 Prior Inconsistent Statements
3.04 Prior Inconsistent Statement by Defendant
3.05 Witnesses Requiring Special Caution
3.06 Impeachment by Prior Conviction
3.07 Character Evidence Regarding Witness
3.08 Character Evidence Regarding Defendant
3.09 Statement by Defendant
3.10 Defendant’s Silence in the Face of Accusation
3.11 Evidence of Other Acts by Defendant
3.12 Identification Testimony
3.13 Opinion Testimony
3.13(a) Dual-Capacity Witness Testimony
3.14 Recorded Conversations/Transcripts
3.15 Foreign Language Recordings/English Transcripts
3.16 Summaries Received in Evidence
3.17 Demonstrative Summaries/Charts Not Received in Evidence
3.18 Juror Note-Taking
3.19 Government Investigative Techniques

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 4
4.01 Burden of Proof—Elements
4.02 Burden of Proof in Case Involving Insanity Defense—Elements
4.03 Burden of Proof in Case Involving Coercion Defense—Elements
4.04 Unanimity on Specific Acts
4.05 Date of Crime Charged
4.06 Separate Consideration—One Defendant Charged with Multiple Crimes
4.07 Separate Consideration—Multiple Defendants Charged with Same or Multiple Crimes
4.08 Punishment
4.09 Attempt
4.10 Definition of Knowingly
4.11 Definition of Willfully
4.12 Specific Intent/General Intent
4.13 Definition of Possession
4.14 Possession of Recently Stolen Property

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 5
5.01 Responsibility
5.02 Personal Responsibility of Corporate Agent
5.03 Entity Responsibility—Entity Defendant—Agency
5.04 Entity Responsibility—Entity Defendant—Agency Ratification
5.05 Joint Venture
5.06 Aiding and Abetting/Acting Through Another
5.06(a) Aiding and Abetting
5.06(b) Acting Through Another
5.07 Presence/Activity/Association
5.08(A) Conspiracy—Overt Act Required
5.08(B) Conspiracy—No Overt Act Required
5.09 Conspiracy—Definition of Conspiracy
5.10 Conspiracy—Membership in Conspiracy
5.10(A) Buyer/Seller Relationship
5.10(B) Single Conspiracy vs. Multiple Conspiracies
5.11 Conspirator’s Liability for Substantive Crimes Committed by Co-Conspirators Where Conspiracy Charged—Elements
5.12 Conspirator’s Liability for Substantive Crimes Committed by Co-Conspirators; Conspiracy Not Charged in the Indictment—Elements
5.13 Conspiracy—Withdrawal
5.14(A) Conspiracy—Withdrawal—Statute of Limitations—Elements
5.14(B) Conspiracy—Withdrawal—Statute of Limitations

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 6
6.01 Self Defense/Defense of Others
6.02 Insanity
6.03 Defendant’s Presence
6.04 Entrapment—Elements
6.05 Entrapment—Definitions of Terms
6.06 Reliance on Public Authority
6.07 Entrapment by Estoppel
6.08 Coercion/Duress
6.09(A) Voluntary Intoxication
6.09(B) Diminished Capacity
6.10 Good Faith—Fraud/False Statements/Misrepresentations
6.11 Good Faith—Tax and Other Technical Statute Cases
6.12 Reliance on Advice of Counsel

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir. Chapter 7
7.01 Jury Deliberations
7.02 Verdict Form
7.03 Unanimity/Disagreement Among Jurors

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.
STATUTORY INSTRUCTIONS

7 U.S.C. § 2024(b) Unauthorized Acquisition of Food Stamps—Elements
7 U.S.C. § 2024(b) Definition of “Contrary to Law”
Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

8 U.S.C. § 1324a(a)(1)(A) Unlawful Employment—Elements.155 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i) Bringing Alien to the United States Other than at Designated Place—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii) Alien Transportation—Elements.160 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii) Concealing or Harboring Aliens—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iv) Encouraging Illegal Entry—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(2)(B)(ii) Bringing Alien into United States for Commercial Advantage or Private Financial Gain—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(2)(B)(iii) Bringing Alien into United States Without Immediate Presentation at Designated Port of Entry—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(1) Illegal Entry—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(2) Eluding Examination or Inspection—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(3) Entry by False or Misleading Representation—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1325(c) Marriage Fraud—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) Deported Alien Found in United States—Elements
8 U.S.C. § 1546(a) Use, Possession of Immigration Document Procured by Fraud—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 3 Accessory After the Fact
18 U.S.C. § 111(a) Assaulting a Federal Officer—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 111(a) & 111(b) Definition of “Assault”
18 U.S.C. §§ 111(a) & 111(b) Definition of “Forcibly”
18 U.S.C. § 111(b) Assaulting a Federal Officer Using a Deadly or Dangerous Weapon or Inflicting Bodily Injury—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 111(b) Definition of “Bodily Injury”
18 U.S.C. § 111(b) Definition of “Deadly or Dangerous Weapon”
18 U.S.C. § 115(a)(1)(B) Definition of “Threaten”
18 U.S.C. § 115(a)(1)(B) Threatening A United States Official, United States Judge, or Federal Law Enforcement Officer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 115(c)(1) Definition of “Federal Law Enforcement Officer”
18 U.S.C. § 115(c)(3) Definition of “United States Judge”
18 U.S.C. § 115(c)(4) Definition of “United States Official”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 152(1) Concealment of Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(1) Definition of “Concealment”
18 U.S.C. § 152(2) & (3) False Oath, False Declaration under Penalty of Perjury—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(2) & (3) False Declaration under Penalty of Perjury—Definition of Materiality
18 U.S.C. § 152(4) Presenting or Using a False Claim—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(6) Bribery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(7) Concealment or Transfer of Assets in Contemplation of Bankruptcy or with Intent to Defeat the Provisions of the Bankruptcy Law—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(7) Definition of “In Contemplation of a Bankruptcy Proceeding”
18 U.S.C. § 152(7) Definition of “Transfer”
18 U.S.C. § 152(8) Destruction of Records; False Entries—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 152(9) Withholding Records—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 201 Giving a Bribe—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 201 Intent to Influence
18 U.S.C. § 201 Definition of “Official Act”
18 U.S.C. § 241 Conspiracy Against Civil Rights—Elements.222 18 U.S.C. § 241 Definition of Constitutional Rights
18 U.S.C. § 241 Death
18 U.S.C. § 242 Deprivation of Rights under Color of Law—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 242 Deprivation of Rights Under Color of Law— Definition of Intentionally
18 U.S.C. § 242 Deprivation of Rights Under Color of Law— Definition of Intentionally—For Use in Excessive Force Cases
18 U.S.C. § 242 Definition of Constitutional Rights
18 U.S.C. § 242 Definition of “Color of Law”
18 U.S.C. § 242 Death
18 U.S.C. § 242 Definition of “Bodily Injury”
18 U.S.C. § 286 Conspiracy to Defraud the Government with Respect to Claims—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 287 False, Fictitious, or Fraudulent Claims—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 401 Criminal Contempt
18 U.S.C. § 402 Criminal Contempt
18 U.S.C. § 471 Falsely Making, Forging, Counterfeiting, or Altering a Security or Obligation—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 472 Uttering Counterfeit Obligations or Securities—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 473 Dealing in Counterfeit Obligations or Securities—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 495 Falsely Making, Forging, Counterfeiting, or Altering a Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 495 Uttering or Publishing a False Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 495 Presenting a False Document—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 500 Falsely Making, Forging, Counterfeiting, Engraving, or Printing a Money Order—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Forging or Counterfeiting a Signature or Initials of Any Person Authorized to Issue a Money Order, Postal Note, or Blank—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Forging or Counterfeiting a Signature or Endorsement on a Money Order, Postal Note, or Blank—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Forging or Counterfeiting a Signature on a Receipt or Certificate of Identification—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Falsely Altering a Money Order or Postal Note—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Passing, Uttering, or Publishing Forged or Altered Money Orders or Postal Notes—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Fraudulently Issuing a Money Order or Postal Note—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Theft of a Money Order—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Receipt or Possession of a Stolen Money Order—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 False Presentment of a Money Order or Postal Note—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Theft or Receipt of a Money Order Machine or Instrument—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 500 Definition of “Material”
18 U.S.C. § 500 Definition of “Material Alteration”
18 U.S.C. § 511 Altering or Removing Vehicle Identification Numbers

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 542 Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 542 Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements—Definition of “Fraudulent”
18 U.S.C. § 542 Definition of “Material”
18 U.S.C. § 542 Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements—Definition of Entry
18 U.S.C. § 542 Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements—Definition of Imported Merchandise
18 U.S.C. § 542 Entry of Goods by Means of False Statements—United States Has Been or May Have Been Deprived of Any Lawful Duties—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 641 Theft of Government Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 641 Definition of “Value”
18 U.S.C. § 659 Embezzlement or Theft of Goods from Interstate Shipment—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 659 Possession of Goods Stolen from Interstate Shipment—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A) Theft Concerning Federally Funded Program—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A) Theft Concerning Federally Funded Program—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B) Bribery Concerning Federally Funded Program—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B) Accepting a Bribe—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2) Paying a Bribe

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 666(c) Bona Fide Compensation
18 U.S.C. § 666 Definition of “Agent”
18 U.S.C. § 669(a) Health Care Theft or Embezzlement—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 669(a) Definition of “Health Care Benefit Program”
18 U.S.C. § 751 Escape—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(1) Importing, Manufacturing, or Dealing in Explosive Materials Without a License—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(2) Withholding Information, Making a False Statement, or Furnishing False Identification to Obtain Explosive Materials—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 875(a) Transmission of a Ransom or Reward—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 875(b) Transmission of an Extortionate Threat to Kidnap or Injure a Person—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 875(c) Transmission of a Threat to Kidnap or Injure—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 875(d) Transmisson of an Extortionate Threat to Property or Reputation—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 876(a) Mailing a Demand for Ransom or Reward—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 876(b) Mailing an Extortionate Threat to Kidnap or Injure—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 876(c) Mailing a Threat to Kidnap or Injure—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 876(d) Mailing an Extortionate Threat to Reputation—Elements
Definition of “True Threat”
Definition of “Intent to Extort”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 892 Extortionate Extension of Credit—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 892 Definition of “Debtor”
18 U.S.C. § 892 Definition of Understanding
18 U.S.C. § 894 Extortionate Collection of Debt—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 894 Definition of “Extortionate Means”
Forfeiture—Third Party Interests
18 U.S.C. § 911 Representation of Citizenship of United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 912 Impersonation of an Officer or Employee of the United States

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6) Making a False Statement or Furnishing False Identification to a Licensed Firearms Importer, Manufacturer, Dealer, or Collector in Connection with the Acquisition of a Firearm or Ammunition—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(d) Sale or Transfer of a Firearm or Ammunition to a Prohibited Person—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(d) Definition of “Reasonable Cause to Believe”
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) Unlawful Shipment or Transportation of a Firearm or Ammunition by a Convicted Felon—Elements.353 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) Unlawful Possession or Receipt of a Firearm or Ammunition by a Prohibited Person—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(g) Definitions of “In or Affecting Commerce” and “In Interstate or Foreign Commerce”
18 U.S.C. § 922(g) Definition of “Possession”
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3) Definition of “Unlawful User”
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3) Unlawful Shipment or Transportation of a Firearm or Ammunition by an Unlawful User or Addict of a Controlled Substance—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3) Unlawful Possession or Receipt of a Firearm or Ammunition by an Unlawful User or Addict of a Controlled Substance—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(5) Definition of “Alien Illegally or Unlawfully in the United States”
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(5) Unlawful Possession or Receipt of a Firearm or Ammunition by an Alien Illegally or Unlawfully in the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(5) Unlawful Shipment or Transportation of a Firearm or Ammunition by an Alien Illegally or Unlawfully in the United States—Elements
Definition of “True Threat”
Definition of “Intent to Extort”
18 U.S.C. § 922 Definition of “Ammunition”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) Using or Carrying a Firearm During and in Relation to a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime—Accountability Theory Elements
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of a Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime— Accountability Theory Elements
18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A) Definition of “Advance Knowledge” .381 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) Definition of “Use”
18 U.S.C. § 924(c) Definition of “Carry”
18 U.S.C. § 924(c) Definition of “During”
18 U.S.C. § 924(c) Definition of “In Relation To”
18 U.S.C. § 924(c) Definition of “In Furtherance Of”
18 U.S.C. §§ 922 & 924 Definition of “Firearm”
18 U.S.C. §§ 922 & 924 Definition of “Antique Firearm”
18 U.S.C. §§ 922 & 924 Brandish/Discharge Special Verdict Instructions—Definition of “Brandish”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(1) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(2) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(3) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(4) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(5) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(6) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(7) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(8) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(8) Definition of “Nexus” Instruction
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(8) Definition of Federal “Health Care Fraud Offense”
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(8) Definition of “Conveyance”
18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(8) Property Subject to Forfeiture
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(A) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(C) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(G)(i–iii) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(G)(iv) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(H) Forfeiture Instruction—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(2) Definition of “Proceeds”
18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(2) Definition of ‘‘Traceable To’’

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1) Concealing a Material Fact—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2) Making a False Statement or Representation—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(3) Making or Using a False Writing or Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1) Definition of “Trick, Scheme, or Device”
18 U.S.C. § 1001 Definition of False or Fictitious
18 U.S.C. § 1001 Definition of Fraudulent
18 U.S.C. § 1001 Definition of “Material”
18 U.S.C. § 1001 Definition of “Willfully”
18 U.S.C. § 1001 Department or Agency

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1005, Para. 4 Fraudulently Benefitting from a Loan by a Federally Insured Institution—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1006 Insider Fraud on a Federally Insured Financial Institution—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1007 False Statements to Influence the Fdic—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1014 False Statement to Financial Institution—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1015(a) Making a False Statement in an Immigration Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1015(b) False Denial of Naturalization or Citizenship—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1015(c) Use of Fraudulent Immigration Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1015(d) Making False Certificate of Appearance—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1015(e) False Claim of Citizenship—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1015(f) False Claim of Citizenship in Order to Vote—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1028(a) Offenses and § 1028(b) Penalties
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1) Fraudulent Production of an Identification Document, Authentication Feature, or False Identification Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(2) Fraudulent Transfer of an Identification Document, Authentication Feature, or False Identification Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(3) Fraudulent Possession of Five or more Identification Documents, Authentication Features, or False Identification Documents—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(4) Possession of an Identification Document, Authentication Feature, or False Identification Document with Intent to Defraud the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(5) Fraudulent Production, Transfer, or Possession of a Document—Making Implement or Authentication Feature—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(6) Possession of a Stolen Identification Document or Authentication Feature—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(7) Fraudulent Transfer, Possession, or Use of a Means of Identification—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(8) Trafficking in False or Actual Authentication Features—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Penalty-Enhancing Instructions and Special Verdict Forms
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Penalty-Enhancing Provisions under § 1028(b)
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Special Verdict Form
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(1) Definition of “Authentication Feature”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(2) Definition of “Document-Making Implement”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(3) Definition of “Identification Document”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(4) Definition of “False Identification Document”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(5) Definition of “False Authentication Feature”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(6) Definition of “Issuing Authority”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(7) Definition of “Means of Identification”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(8) Definition of “Personal Identification Card”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(9) Definition of “Produce”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(10) Definition of “Transfer”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(11) Definition of “State”
18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(12) Definition of “Traffic”
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Definition of “Lawful Authority”
18 U.S.C. § 1028 Definition of “Interstate or Foreign Commerce”
18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1) Aggravated Identity Theft—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1028A Definition of “In Relation to”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(1) Production, Use or Trafficking in Counterfeit Access Devices—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2) Trafficking or Use of Unauthorized Access Devices—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3) Possession of Multiple Unauthorized or Counterfeit Access Devices—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(4) Production, Trafficking and Possession of Device-Making Equipment—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(5) Fraudulent Transactions with Another’s Access Device—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(6) Solicitation to Sell Access Device or Information Regarding an Access Device—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(7) Use, Production, Trafficking or Possession of Modified Telecommunication Instrument—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(8) Use, Production, Trafficking or Possession of a Scanning Receiver—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(9) Use, Production, Trafficking or Possession of Hardware or Software Configured to Obtain Telecommunication Services—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(10) Fraudulent Presentation of Evidence of Credit Card Transaction to Claim Unauthorized Payment—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1029 Access Device Fraud—Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(1) Definition of “Access Device”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(2) Definition of “Counterfeit Access Device”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(3) Definition of “Unauthorized Access Device”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(4) Definition of “Produce”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(5) Definition of “Traffic” or “Trafficking”.531 18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(6) Definition of “Device-Making Equipment”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(7) Definition of “Credit Card System Member”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(8) Definition of “Scanning Receiver”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(9) Definition of “Telecommunications Service”
18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(11) Definition of “Telecommunication Identifying Information”
18 U.S.C. § 1029 Definition of “Telecommunications Instrument”
18 U.S.C. § 1029 Definition of “Hardware”
18 U.S.C. § 1029 Definition of “Software”
18 U.S.C. § 1029 Definition of “Interstate or Foreign Commerce”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1029(b)(1) & (b)(2) Attempt and Conspiracy—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(1) Obtaining Information from Computer Injurious to the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)(A), (B), & (C) Obtaining Financial Information by Unauthorized Access of a Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(3) Accessing a Non-Public Government Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(4) Computer Fraud Use by or for Financial Institution or Government—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A) Transmission of Program to Intentionally Cause Damage to a Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(B) Recklessly Causing Damage by Accessing a Protected Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(C) Causing Damage and Loss by Accessing a Protected Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(6) Trafficking in Passwords—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(7)(A) Extortion by Threatening to Damage a Protected Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(7)(B) Extortion by Threatening to Obtain Information from a Protected Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(7)(C) Extortion by Demanding Money in Relation to a Protected Computer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(7)(C) Definition of “In Relation To”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(b) Attempt and Conspiracy—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1030 Computer Fraud and Related Activity—Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(1) Definition of “Computer”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(2) Definition of “Protected Computer”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(3) Definition of “State”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(4) Definition of “Financial Institution”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(5) Definition of “Financial Record”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(6) Definition of “Exceeds Authorized Access”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(7) Definition of “Department of the United States”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(8) Definition of “Damage”
18 U.S.C. § 1030 Definition of “Government Entity”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(10) Definition of “Conviction”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(11) Definition of “Loss”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(12) Definition of “Person”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(13) Definition of “Federal Election”
18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(14) Definition of “Voting System”
18 U.S.C. § 1030 Definition of “Password”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1035 False Statements Related to Health Care Matters: Falsification and Concealment—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1035 False Statements Related to Health Care Matters: False Statement—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1035(a)(1 & 2) Definition of “Health Care Benefit Program”
18 U.S.C. § 1035(a)(1 & 2) Definition of “Material”
18 U.S.C. § 1035(a)(1 & 2) Definition of “Willfully”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1111 First Degree Murder—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1111 Definition of “Malice Aforethought”
18 U.S.C. § 1111 Definition of “Premeditation”
18 U.S.C. § 1111 Second Degree Murder—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 1111, 1112 Jurisdiction
18 U.S.C. §§ 1111, 1112 Conduct Caused Death
18 U.S.C. § 1112 Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 1112 Definitions of Manslaughter
18 U.S.C. § 1112 Voluntary Manslaughter—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1112 Definition of “Heat of Passion”
18 U.S.C. § 1112 Involuntary Manslaughter—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1) Kidnapping
18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1) Kidnapping—Definition of Interstate or Foreign Commerce
18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1) Kidnapping—Definition of Inveigle or Decoy

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Mail/Wire/Carrier Fraud—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346 Types of Mail/Wire/Carrier Fraud
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Definition of “Scheme to Defraud”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Proof of Scheme
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Definition of “Material”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Definition of “Intent to Defraud”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346 Definition of “Honest Services”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346 Receiving a Bribe or Kickback
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346 Offering a Bribe or Kickback
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343 & 1346 Intent to Influence
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Success Not Required
18 U.S.C. § 1343 Wire Communication
18 U.S.C. §§ 1341 & 1343 Use of Mails/Interstate Carrier/ Interstate Communication Facility

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1344(1) Scheme to Defraud a Financial Institution—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1344(1) Definition of “Scheme”
18 U.S.C. § 1344(2) Obtaining Bank Property by False or Fraudulent Pretenses—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1344(2) Definition of Scheme

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1347(a)(1) Health Care Fraud—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1347(a)(1) Definition of “Scheme”
18 U.S.C. § 1347(a)(2) Obtaining Property From a Health Care Benefit Program by False or Fraudulent Pretenses— Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1347(a)(2) Definition of Scheme
18 U.S.C. § 1347(a) Definition of “Health Care Benefit Program”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1461 Mailing Obscene Material—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1462 Bringing Obscene Material into the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1462 Taking or Receiving Obscene Material—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1462 Importing or Transporting Obscene Material—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1465 Production with Intent to Transport/ Distribute/Transmit Obscene Material for Sale or Distribution—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1465 Transportation of Obscene Material for Sale or Distribution—Elements
Definition of Interstate or Foreign Commerce

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1466 Engaging in Business of Producing/Selling Obscene Matter—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466 Engaging in Business of Selling/Transferring Obscene Matter—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466 Engaging in Business of Receiving/Possessing Obscene Matter—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(a)(1) Producing/Distributing/Receiving/ Possessing with Intent to Distribute Obscene Visual Representations of Sexual Abuse of Children—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(a)(2) Producing/Distributing/Receiving/ Possessing with Intent to Distribute Obscene Visual Representations of Sexual Abuse of Children—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(b)(1) Possession of Obscene Visual Representations of Sexual Abuse of Children—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(b)(2) Possession of Obscene Visual Representations of Sexual Abuse of Children—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(f)(1) Definition of “Visual Depiction”
18 U.S.C. § 1466A(f)(3) Definition of “Graphic”
18 U.S.C. § 1466(b) Definition of “Engaged in the Business”.685 18 U.S.C. § 1470 Transfer of Obscene Material to a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1470 Definition of “Obscene”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1503 Obstruction of Justice Generally—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Obstruction of Justice—Clause 2—Injuring Jurors or Their Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Obstruction of Justice—Clause 3—Injuring court officials—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Definition of “Endeavor”
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Influencing Court Officer—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Influencing Juror—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1503 Influencing Witness—Elements
Special Verdict Instructions on § 1503 Offenses Alleged to Have Involved Physical Force or the Threat of Physical Force .703 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1) Witness Tampering—Influencing or Preventing Testimony—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(A) Witness Tampering—Withholding Evidence—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(B) Witness Tampering—Altering or Destroying Evidence—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(C) Witness Tampering—Evading Legal Process—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(2)(D) Witness Tampering—Absence from Legal Proceeding—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(3) Witness Tampering—Hinder, Delay or TABLE OF CONTENTS Prevent Communication Relating to Commission of Offense—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(c)(1) Destroy, Alter or Conceal Document or Object—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1512(c)(2) Otherwise Obstruct Official Proceeding—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 1512 & 1515(a)(1) Definition of Official Proceeding
18 U.S.C. § 1512 Definition of “Corruptly”
18 U.S.C. §§ 1512 & 1515(A)(3) Definition of “Misleading Conduct”
18 U.S.C. § 1512(e) Affirmative Defense
18 U.S.C. §§ 1512 & 1515(A)(4) Definition of “Law Enforcement Officer”
18 U.S.C. § 1519 Obstruction of Justice—Destruction, Alteration, or Falsification of records in Federal investigations and bankruptcy—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1543 Forgery of Passport—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1543 False Use of Passport—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1544 Misuse of a Passport—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1544 Furnishing a False Passport—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) Fraudulent Immigration Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) Making a False Statement on Immigration Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) Presentation of False Statement on Immigration Document—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1546(a) Definition of Material

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1591 Sex Trafficking of a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1591 Benefitting from Sex Trafficking of a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1) Sex Trafficking of a Minor or by Force, Fraud, or Coercion—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1591(e)(1) Definition of “Abuse or Threatened Abuse of Law or Legal Process”
18 U.S.C. § 1591(e)(2) Definition of “Coercion”
18 U.S.C. § 1591(e)(3) Definition of “Commercial Sex Act”
18 U.S.C. § 1591(e)(4) Definition of “Serious Harm”
18 U.S.C. § 1591(e)(5) Definition of “Venture”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1623 False Declarations Before Grand Jury or Court—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1623 Definition of “Materiality”
18 U.S.C. § 1623 Records or Documents
18 U.S.C. § 1623 Sequence of Questions
18 U.S.C. § 1623 Inconsistent Statements
18 U.S.C. § 1623 Recantation

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1701 Obstruction of Mails
18 U.S.C. § 1708 Theft of Mail from Authorized Depository—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1708 Mail Theft on or Next to a Depository—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1708 Buying, Receiving, Concealing, or Unlawfully Possessing Stolen Mail—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1708 Removing Contents of/Secreting/ Embezzling/ Destroying Mail
18 U.S.C. § 1709 Theft of Mail by Officer or Employee—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1831 Economic Espionage (Including Federal Nexus and Knowledge)
18 U.S.C. § 1832 Theft of Trade Secrets (Including Federal Nexus and Knowledge)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1951 Extortion—Non-Robbery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Attempted Extortion—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Extortion—Robbery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Definition of “Robbery”
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Definition of “Color of Official Right”
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Definition of “Extortion”
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Definition of “Property”
18 U.S.C. § 1951 Definition of “Interstate Commerce”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1952 Interstate and Foreign Travel or Transportation in Aid of Racketeering Enterprises—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1952 Definition of “Interstate Commerce”
18 U.S.C. § 1952 Definition of “Unlawful Activity”—Business Enterprise
18 U.S.C. § 1952 Definition of Unlawful Business Activity— Controlled Substances

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(i) Money Laundering—Promoting Unlawful Activity—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(ii) Money Laundering—Tax Violations—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B)(i) Money Laundering—Concealing or Disguising—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B)(ii) Money Laundering—Avoiding Reporting—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(A) Money Laundering—International Promotion—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(B)(i) Money Laundering—International Concealing or Disguising—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Definition of “Proceeds”
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Definition of Knowledge Requirement
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Definition of “Transaction”
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Definitions
18 U.S.C. § 1956 Definition of “Conceal or Disguise”
18 U.S.C. § 1957 Unlawful Monetary Transactions in Criminally Derived Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1957 Definitions

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 1959(a) Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering Activity
18 U.S.C. § 1961(4) Enterprise—Legal Entity
18 U.S.C. § 1961(4) Enterprise—Association in Fact
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) Substantive Racketeering—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1962 Definition of “Interstate Commerce”
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) Pattern Requirement—Substantive Racketeering
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) Subparts of Racketeering Acts
18 U.S.C. § 1962(d) Racketeering Conspiracy—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1962(d) Pattern Requirement—Racketeering Conspiracy
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) & (d) Definition of “Conduct or participate in the conduct of”
18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) & (d) Definition of “Associate”
18 U.S.C. § 1963(a)(1) Forfeiture—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1963(a)(1) Definition of “Interest”
18 U.S.C. § 1963(a)(2) Forfeiture—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1963(a)(3) Forfeiture—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 1963(a)(3) Definition of “Proceeds”
18 U.S.C. § 1963(b) Definition of “Property”
Forfeiture Verdict Form

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2113(a) Bank Robbery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2113(a) Definition of “Intimidation”
18 U.S.C. § 2113(a) Entering to Commit Bank Robbery or Another Felony—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2113(b) Bank Theft—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2113(b) Definition of “Steal”
18 U.S.C. § 2113(c) Possession of Stolen Bank Money or Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2113(d) Armed Bank Robbery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2113(d) Definition of “Assault”
18 U.S.C. § 2113(d) Definition of “Put in Jeopardy the Life of” a Person
18 U.S.C. § 2113(d) Definition of “Dangerous Weapon or Device”
18 U.S.C. § 2113(e) Kidnapping or Murder During a Bank Robbery—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2114(a) Assault with Intent to Rob Mail Matter, Money, or Other Property of the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2114(a) Robbery or Attempted Robbery of Mail Matter, Money, or Other Property of the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2114(a) Wounding or Putting a Life in Jeopardy During a Robbery or Attempted Robbery of Mail Matter, Money, or Other Property of the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2114(b) Receipt, Possession, Concealment, or Disposal of Stolen Mail Matter, Money, or Other Property of the United States—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2241(a) Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2241(b)(1) Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Rendering Victim Unconscious—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2241(b)(2) Aggravated Sexual Abuse— Administration of Drug, Intoxicant or Other Substance—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2241(c) Aggravated Sexual Abuse of Child—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2241(c) Aggravated Sexual Abuse of a Minor Twelve to Sixteen—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2241(c) Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Rendering Victim Unconscious, Minor Twelve to Sixteen—Elements .875 18 U.S.C. § 2241(c) Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Administration of Drug, Intoxicant or Other Substance, Minor Twelve to Sixteen—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2243(a) Sexual Abuse of Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 2243(a), 2423(b) & 2241(c) Crossing State Line with Intent to Engage in Sexual Act with Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2243(b) Sexual Abuse of Person in Official Detention—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2243(b) Definition of “Official Detention”
18 U.S.C. § 2243(c)(1) Defense of Reasonable Belief of Minor’s Age
18 U.S.C. §§ 2242, 2244(a) Abusive Sexual Contact—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 2244(a)(2) Abusive Sexual Contact—Incapacitated Victim—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2244(b) Abusive Sexual Contact Without Permission—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2246(2) Definition of “Sexual Act”
18 U.S.C. § 2246(3) Definition of “Sexual Contact”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2250(A) Failure to Register/Update as Sex Offender—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251(a) Sexual Exploitation of Child—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251A(a) Selling of Children—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251(b) Sexual Exploitation of Child—Permitting or Assisting by Parent or Guardian—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251(c) Sexual Exploitation of Child—Conduct Outside of the United States—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251(d) Publishing of Child Pornography—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2251A(b) Purchasing or Obtaining Children

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1) Mailing, Transporting or Shipping Material Containing Child Pornography—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A) Receipt or Distribution of Child Pornography—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(B) Receipt or Distribution of Material Containing Child Pornography—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(3)(A) Reproduction of Child Pornography for Distribution—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(4)(A) Sale or Possession with Intent to Sell of Child Pornography in U.S. Territory—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(4)(B) Sale or Possession with Intent to Sell of Child Pornography in Interstate or Foreign Commerce—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(A) Possession of or Access with Intent to View Child Pornography in U.S. Territory—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)(B) Possession of or Access with Intent to View Child Pornography in Interstate Commerce—Elements
18 U.S.C. §§ 2252A(a)(6)(A), (B) & (C) Providing Child Pornography to a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(7) Production with Intent to Distribute and Distribution of Adapted Child Pornography—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(c) Affirmative Defense to Charges under 18 U.S.C. §§ 2252A(a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3)(A), (a)(4) or (a)(5)
18 U.S.C. § 2252A(d) Affirmative Defense to Charge under 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(5)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2256(1) Definition of “Minor”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(2)(A) Definition of “Sexually Explicit Conduct”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(3) Definition of “Producing”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(6) Definition of “Computer”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(7) Definition of “Custody or Control”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(8) Definition of “Child Pornography”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(9) Definition of “Identifiable Minor”
18 U.S.C. § 2256(11) Definition of “Indistinguishable”
18 U.S.C. § 2260(a) Production of Sexually Explicit Depictions of a Minor—Importation—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2260(b) Use of a Visual Depiction—Importation—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2312 Transportation of Stolen Vehicle—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2312 Definition of “Stolen”
18 U.S.C. § 2313 Sale or Receipt of Stolen Vehicles—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2314 Transportation of Stolen or Converted Goods or Goods Taken by Fraud—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2314 Interstate Travel to Execute or Conceal Fraud—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2314 Interstate Transportation of Falsely Made, Forged, Altered or Counterfeited Securities or Tax Stamps—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2314 Interstate Transportation of a Traveler’s Check Bearing a Forged Countersignature—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2314 Interstate Transportation of Tools Used in Making, Forging, Altering, or Counterfeiting Any Security or Tax Stamps—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2315 Receipt of Stolen Property—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2315 Receipt of Counterfeit Securities or Tax Stamps—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2315 Definition of Interstate or Foreign Commerce
18 U.S.C. § 2325 Definition of “Telemarketing” Applicable to Enhanced Penalties under 18 U.S.C. § 2326

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2339A Definition of “Material Support or Resources”
18 U.S.C. § 2339A Providing Material Support to Terrorists—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2339B Providing Material Support or Resources to Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

18 U.S.C. § 2421 Transportation for Prostitution/Sexual Activity—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2422(a) Enticement—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) Enticement of a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2423(a) Transportation of Minors with Intent to Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2423(b) Interstate Travel with Intent to Engage in a Sexual Act with a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2423(c) Foreign Travel with Intent to Engage in a Sexual Act with a Minor—Elements
18 U.S.C. § 2423(f) Definition of “Illicit Sexual Conduct”
18 U.S.C. § 2423(g) Defense
18 U.S.C. § 2425 Use of Interstate Facilities to Transmit Information About a Minor—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) Distribution of a Controlled Substance—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) Definition of “Distribution”
21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) Possession with Intent to Distribute—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 841(c)(1) Possession of Listed Chemical with Intent to Manufacture—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 841(c)(2) Possession/Distribution of Listed Chemical for Use in Manufacture—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) & (c) Definition of “Possession”
21 U.S.C. § 846 Attempted Distribution of Controlled Substance—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 846 Attempted Possession with Intent to Distribute—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) Definition of “Controlled Substance”
Drug Quantity/Special Verdict Instructions
21 U.S.C. § 843(b) Use of Communication Facility in Aid of Narcotics Offense—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 843(b) Definition of “Facilitate”
21 U.S.C. § 844 Simple Possession—Elements

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

21 U.S.C. § 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise—Continuing Series of Offenses
21 U.S.C. § 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise—Five or More Persons
21 U.S.C. § 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise—Organizing, Managing, Supervising
21 U.S.C. § 848 Continuing Criminal Enterprise—Substantial Income or Resources

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1) Maintaining Drug-Involved Premises—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1) Maintaining Drug-Involved Premises— Limiting Instruction
21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(2) Maintaining Drug-Involved Premises—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 859 Distribution of Controlled Substance to Person under 21—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 853 Drug Forfeiture—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 853(b) Definition of “Property”
21 U.S.C. § 853(d) Rebuttable Presumption
21 U.S.C. §§ 841(b)(1)(A), (B) or (C) Definition of “Serious Bodily Injury”
21 U.S.C. §§ 841(b)(1)(A), (B) or (C) Where death or serious bodily injury results—Special verdict form

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

Introductory Forfeiture Instruction
Forfeiture Allegations Instruction
Forfeiture Burden of Proof Instruction
Forfeiture—Third Party Interests
Separate Consideration—Forfeiture Allegations
Separate Consideration—Multiple Defendants

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

21 U.S.C. §§ 952(a) & (b); 960(a) Importation of Controlled Substances—Elements
21 U.S.C. § 951(a)(2) Definition of Customs Territory of the United States
21 U.S.C. § 952(a) Definition of “Controlled Substance”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

22 U.S.C. § 2778 Importing/Exporting Weapons Without a License
22 U.S.C. § 2778(c) Willfully—Definition

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

26 U.S.C. § 5861(a) Failure to Pay Tax or Register—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 5861(d) Receiving or Possessing an Unregistered Firearm—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 5861(h) Receipt or Possession of a Firearm with an Obliterated, Removed, Changed, or Altered Serial Number—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 5861(j) Transporting, Delivering or Receiving an Unregistered Firearm—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 5845 Definitions of Firearm-Related Terms

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

26 U.S.C. § 7201 Attempt to Evade or Defeat Tax—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 7201 Unanimity as to Acts of Evasion
26 U.S.C. § 7201 No Need for Tax Assessment
26 U.S.C. § 7203 Failure to File Tax Return—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 7203 When Person Is Obligated to File Return.1058 26 U.S.C. § 7203 Tax Return Must Contain Sufficient Information
26 U.S.C. § 7206(1) Fraud and False Statements—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 7206(2) Aiding and Abetting in Submitting False and Fraudulent Return—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 7206(2) Knowledge of Taxpayer Irrelevant
26 U.S.C. § 7206 Definition of “Material”
26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206 Knowledge of Contents of Return
26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206 Funds or Property from Unlawful Sources
26 U.S.C. § 7212 Corruptly Endeavoring to Obstruct or Impede Due Administration of Internal Revenue Laws—Elements
26 U.S.C. § 7212 Good Faith

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3) Structuring Financial Transactions—Elements
31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3) Definition of Structuring Financial Transactions

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 7th Cir.

42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(3) Making or Causing to Be Made a False Statement or Representation of Material Fact for Use in Determining a Federal Benefit—Elements
42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(A) Use of a Falsely Obtained Social Security Number—Elements
42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(A) & (B) Definition of “Intent to Deceive”
42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(B) Use of a False Social Security Number—Elements
42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(C) Social Security Card Violations—Elements
42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(C) Definition of “Counterfeit”
42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b) Criminal Penalties for Acts Involving Federal Health Care Programs—Illegal Remunerations

Mod. Crim. Jury 8th Cir.

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 1.00
PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE OPENING STATEMENTS
0.01 Instructions Before Voir Dire
0.02 Instructions at End of Voir Dire
1.01 General: Nature of Case; Nature of Indictment; Burden of Proof; Presumption of Innocence; Duty of Jury; Cautionary
1.02 Elements of the Offense—Preliminary
1.03 Evidence; Limitations
1.04 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
1.05 Credibility of Witnesses
1.06A No Transcript Available—Notetaking
1.06B Questions by Jurors
1.07 Bench Conferences and Recesses
1.08 Conduct of the Jury
1.09 Outline of Trial

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 2.00
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE DURING TRIAL
2.01 Duties of Jury—Recesses
2.02 Stipulated Testimony
2.03 Stipulated Facts
2.04 Judicial Notice (Fed. R. Evid. 201)
2.05 Wiretap or Other Recorded Evidence
2.06A Transcript of Recorded Conversation
2.06B Transcript of Foreign Language; Recorded Conversation
2.07 Statement by Defendant
2.08 Defendant's Prior Similar Acts—Where Introduced to Prove an Issue Other Than Identity (Fed. R. Evid. 404(B))
2.08A Defendant's Prior Similar Acts in Sexual Assault and Child Molestation Cases (Fed. R. Evid. 413 and 414)
2.09 Defendant's Prior Similar Acts—Where Introduced to Prove Identity (Fed. R. Evid. 404(B))
2.10 Cross-Examination of Defendant's Character Witness
2.11 Dismissal, During Trial, of Some Charges Against Single Defendant
2.12 Disposition, During Trial, of All Charges Against One or More Codefendant[s]
2.13 Disposition, During Trial, of One or More but Less Than All Charges Against the Codefendant[s]
2.14 Evidence Admitted Against Only One Defendant
2.15 Statement of One Defendant in Multi-Defendant Trial
2.16 Defendant's Testimony— Impeachment by Prior Conviction
2.17 Defendant's Testimony— Impeachment by Otherwise Inadmissible Statement (Harris v. New York)
2.18 Impeachment of Witness—Prior Conviction
2.19 Witness Who Has Pleaded Guilty
2.20 Defendant's Previous Trial
2.21 Defendant's Photographs—“Mug Shots”
2.22 Discharge of Defense Counsel During Trial
2.23 Defendant's Self-Representation
2.24 Defendant’s Prior Conviction – Element of Charged Offense (Where No Evidence Has Been Introduced Under Fed. R. Evid. 404(B))
2.25 Duties of Jury – At the Close of the Case

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 3.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE IN EVERY TRIAL (BOILERPLATE)
3.01 Introduction
3.02 Duty of Jury
3.03 Evidence; Limitations
3.04 Credibility of Witnesses
3.05 Description of Charge; Indictment Not Evidence; Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof (Single Defendant, Single Count)
3.06 Description of Charges; Indictment Not Evidence; Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof (Single Defendant, Multiple Counts)
3.07 Description of Charges; Indictment Not Evidence; Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof (Multiple Defendants, Single Count)
3.08 Description of Charges; Indictment Not Evidence; Presumption of Innocence; Burden of Proof (Multiple Defendants, Multiple Counts)
3.09 Elements of Offense—Burden of Proof
3.10 Lesser-Included Offense
3.11 Reasonable Doubt
3.12 Election of Foreperson; Duty to Deliberate; Punishment Not a Factor; Communications with Court; Cautionary; Verdict Form
3.13 Venue
3.14 Date of Crime Charged

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 4.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: CONSIDERATION OF PARTICULAR KINDS OF EVIDENCE
4.01 Defendant's Decision Not to Testify
4.02 Character and Reputation, for Truthfulness, Witnesses (Including the Defendant)
4.03 Defendant's Character “Standing Alone”
4.04 Testimony Under Grant of Immunity or Plea Bargain
4.05A Testimony of Accomplice
4.05B Credibility—Cooperating Witness
4.06 Testimony of Informer
4.07 Common Scheme—Acts or Declarations of Participant
4.08 Eyewitness Testimony
4.09 Influencing Witness, Etc
4.10 Opinion Evidence—Expert Witness
4.11 Demonstrative Summaries Not Received in Evidence
4.12 Rule 1006 Summaries
4.13 Specific Inferences
4.14 Silence in the Face of Accusation
4.15 False Exculpatory Statements
4.16 Missing Witness
4.17 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 5.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY
5.01 Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(A))
5.02 Causing an Offense to Be Committed (18 U.S.C. § 2(B))
5.03 Corporate Responsibility
5.04 Personal Responsibility of Corporate Agent
5.05 Accessory After the Fact (18 U.S.C. § 3)
5.06A-1 Conspiracy: Elements (18 U.S.C. § 371)
5.06A-2 Conspiracy: Elements (18 U.S.C. § 371) Explained
5.06B Conspiracy: Single/Multiple Conspiracies
5.06C Conspiracy: Withdrawal
5.06D Conspiracy: Co-Conspirator Acts and Statements
5.06E Conspiracy: “Co-Conspirator Liability” (Pinkerton Charge)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 6.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: ELEMENTS OF OFFENSES
6.8.1326 Deported/Removed Alien Reentering the United States Without Consent
6.8.1326(b) Deported/Removed Alien Reentering the United States Without Consent After an Aggravated Felony
6.15.77q(a) and 78j(b) Securities Fraud (15 U.S.C. § 77Q(a), 15 U.S.C. § 78J(b), and 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.04 Misprision of a Felony (18 U.S.C. § 4)
6.18.111 Assault On a Federal Officer with a Dangerous or Deadly Weapon (18 U.S.C. § 111)
6.18.113(1)-(2) Assault with Intent to Commit Murder, Aggravated Sexual Abuse, Sexual Abuse, or Any Other Felony (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(1)-(2))
6.18.113(3) Assault with a Dangerous Weapon (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(3))
6.18.113(4) Assault by Striking, Beating, or Wounding (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(4))
6.18.113(5) Simple Assault (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(5))
6.18.113(6) Assault Resulting in Serious Bodily Injury (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(6))
6.18.113(7) Assault Resulting in Substantial Bodily Injury to Person Under 16 (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(7))
6.18.113(8) Assault by Strangulation or Suffocation (18 U.S.C. § 113(A)(8))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.152A Bankruptcy Fraud— Concealment of Assets (18 U.S.C. § 152(1))
6.18.152B Bankruptcy Fraud—Making a False Statement (18 U.S.C. § 152(2–4))
6.18.157 Bankruptcy Fraud Scheme to Commit (18 U.S.C. § 157)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.201A Bribery of Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(B)(1))
6.18.201B Receiving Bribe by Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(B)(2))
6.18.201C Bribing a Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(B)(3))
6.18.201D Soliciting Bribe by Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(B)(4))
6.18.201E Illegal Gratuity to Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(C)(1)(A))
6.18.201F Receiving Illegal Gratuity by Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(C)(1)(B))
6.18.228 Failure to Pay Child Support Obligation (18 U.S.C. § 228)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.241 Conspiracy to Deprive a Person of Civil Rights (18 U.S.C. § 241)
6.18.242 Deprivation of Civil Rights (18 U.S.C. § 242)
6.18.287 Making a False Claim Against the United States (18 U.S.C. § 287)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.471 Counterfeiting (18 U.S.C. § 471)
6.18.472 Passing Counterfeit Obligations (18 U.S.C. § 472)
6.18.495A Forgery (18 U.S.C. § 495) (First Paragraph)
6.18.495B Uttering a Forged Writing (18 U.S.C. § 495) (Second Paragraph)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.641 Theft of Government Money or Property (18 U.S.C. § 641)
6.18.656 Embezzlement and Misapplication of Bank Funds (18 U.S.C. ' 656)
6.18.659A Theft From Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. § 659) (First Paragraph)
6.18.659B Purchase, Receipt or Possession of Property Stolen From an Interstate Shipment (18 U.S.C. § 659) (Second Paragraph)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.666A Theft Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(A)(1)(A))
6.18.666B Solicitation or Acceptance of a Bribe by an Agent of an Organization Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B))
6.18.666C Bribery of an Agent of a Program Receiving Federal Funds (18 U.S.C. § 666(A)(2))
6.18.751 Escape From Custody (18 U.S.C. § 751(A))
6.18.844 Arson of Property Used in or Affecting Interstate Commerce (No Personal Injury Involved) (18 U.S.C. § 844(I))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.875A Interstate Transmission of a Ransom Demand (18 U.S.C. § 875(A))
6.18.875B Interstate Transmission of an Extortionate Threat (18 U.S.C. § 875(B))
6.18.875C Interstate Transmission of a Threat (18 U.S.C. § 875(C))
6.18.875D Interstate Transmission of an Extortionate Threat to Injure Property or Reputation (18 U.S.C. § 875(D))
6.18.912 Impersonation of a Federal Officer or Employee—[Acting As] [Demanding Something of Value] (18 U.S.C. § 912)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.922A Felon or Other Prohibited Person in Possession of Firearm or Ammunition (18 U.S.C. § 922(G))
6.18.922B Drug User in Possession of Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3))
6.18.922C Domestic Violence Misdemeanant in Possession of Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9))
6.18.922D Possession or Sale of a Stolen Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(J))
6.18.924 Making a False Statement During a Firearm Purchase (18 U.S.C. § 924(A)(1)(A))
6.18.924C-1 Firearms—Possession in Furtherance of a Crime of Violence/ Drug Trafficking Offense (18 U.S.C.§ 924(C))
6.18.924C-2 Firearms—Use or Carry a Firearm During a Crime of Violence/Drug Trafficking Offense (18 U.S.C.§ 924(C))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1001A Concealing a Material Fact From a Governmental Agency (18 U.S.C. § 1001(A)(1))
6.18.1001B False Statement to a Federal Agency (18 U.S.C. § 1001)
6.18.1001C Using a False Document (18 U.S.C. § 1001)
6.18.1005 False Entry in Bank Records (18 U.S.C. § 1005) (Third Paragraph)
6.18.1006A False Entries in Federal Credit Institution Records (18 U.S.C. § 1006) (First Paragraph)
6.18.1006B Participation in Federal Credit Institution Transactions (18 U.S.C. § 1006, Third Paragraph)
6.18.1014 False Statement to a Financial Institution (18 U.S.C. § 1014)
6.18.1028A Aggravated Identity Theft (18 U.S.C. § 1028a(A)(1))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1030A Computer Fraud [Obtaining National Security Information] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(1))
6.18.1030B Computer Fraud [Obtaining Confidential Information] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(2))
6.18.1030B(A) Special Verdict Form (Interrogatories to Follow Finding of Guilt) (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(2))
6.18.1030C Computer Fraud [Accessing a Nonpublic Computer] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(3))
6.18.1030D Computer Fraud [Accessing a Computer to Defraud] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(4))
6.18.1030E Computer Fraud [Transmission of Program to Cause Damage to a Computer] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(5)(A))
6.18.1030E(a) Special Verdict Form (Interrogatories to Follow Finding of Guilt) (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(5)(A)) 333
6.18.1030F Computer Fraud [Causing Damage to a Computer] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(5)(B) and (C))
6.18.1030F(a) Special Verdict Form (Interrogatories to Follow Finding of Guilt) (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(5)(B) and (C)
6.18.1030G Computer Fraud [Trafficking in Passwords] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(6))
6.18.1030H Computer Fraud [Threatening to Damage a Protected Computer or Information] (18 U.S.C. § 1030(A)(7))
6.18.1030I Computer Fraud— Supplemental Instructions

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1071 Concealing a Person From Arrest (18 U.S.C. § 1071)
6.18.1111 Introductory Comments to Homicide Instructions
6.18.1111A Murder, First Degree, Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States (18 U.S.C. § 1111)
6.18.1111A-1 “Malice Aforethought” Defined
6.18.1111A-2 “Premeditation” Defined
6.18.1111A-3 Heat of Passion or Sudden Quarrel Caused by Adequate Provocation, Defined
6.18.1111B Murder, Second Degree, Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States (18 U.S.C. § 1111)
6.18.1112A Voluntary Manslaughter, Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
6.18.1112B Involuntary Manslaughter, Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of the United States (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
6.18.1114A Murder, First Degree, Federal Victim (18 U.S.C. § 1114)
6.18.1114B Murder, Second Degree, Federal Victim (18 U.S.C. § 1114)
6.18.1114C Voluntary Manslaughter, Federal Victim (18 U.S.C. § 1114)
6.18.1114D Involuntary Manslaughter, Federal Victim (18 U.S.C. § 1114)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1153 Indian Person Defined
6.18.1163 Embezzlement and Theft From Indian Tribal Organization (18 U.S.C. § 1163)
6.18.1201 Kidnapping (18 U.S.C. § 1201(A)(1))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1341 Mail Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1341)
6.18.1343 Wire Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1343)
6.18.1344 Bank Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1344)
6.18.1346 Deprivation of the Intangible Right of Honest Services (18 U.S.C. § 1346)
6.18.1347 Health Care Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1347)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1503A Corruptly Endeavoring to Influence a Juror (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
6.18.1503B Influencing a Juror by Threats (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
6.18.1503C Obstruction of Justice (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
6.18.1510 Obstruction of Criminal Investigations (18 U.S.C. § 1510(A))
6.18.1512 Tampering with a Witness (18 U.S.C. § 1512(B)(1))
6.18.1513 Retaliating Against a Witness (18 U.S.C. § 1513)
6.18.1519 Destroying, Altering, or Falsifiying a Document in a Federal Investigation (18 U.S.C. § 1519)
6.18.1591 Sex Trafficking of Children or by Force, Fraud, or Coercion (18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1621 Perjury (18 U.S.C. § 1621)
6.18.1622 Subornation of Perjury (18 U.S.C. § 1622)
6.18.1623 False Declaration Before Court or Grand Jury (18 U.S.C. § 1623)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1708A Mail Theft (18 U.S.C. § 1708) (First Paragraph)
6.18.1708B Possession of Stolen Mail (18 U.S.C. § 1708) (Third Paragraph)
6.18.1709A Embezzlement of Mail (18 U.S.C. § 1709) (First Clause)
6.18.1709B Theft of Mail by Postal Service Employee (18 U.S.C. § 1709) (Second Clause)
6.18.1791A Providing Contraband to a Federal Prisoner (18 U.S.C. § 1791(A)(1))
6.18.1791B Possession of Contraband by a Federal Prisoner (18 U.S.C. § 1791(A)(2))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1951 Interference with Commerce by Means of Extortion (18 U.S.C. § 1951 (Hobbs Act))
6.18.1951A Interference with Commerce by Means of Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 1951) (Hobbs Act)
6.18.1951B Interference with Commerce by Means of Committing or Threatening Physical Violence (18 U.S.C. § 1951) (Hobbs Act)
6.18.1952 Interstate and Foreign Travel or Transportation or Use of a Facility of Interstate or Foreign Commerce in Aid of Racketeering Enterprises (18 U.S.C. § 1952(A))
6.18.1955 Illegal Gambling Business (18 U.S.C. § 1955)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1956A Money Laundering—Financial Transaction to Promote Specified Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(1)(A)(I))
6.18.1956B Money Laundering—Financial Transaction to Conceal Proceeds (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(1)(B)(I))
6.18.1956C Money Laundering—Financial Transaction to Avoid Reporting Requirements (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(1)(B)(II))
6.18.1956D Money Laundering—Movement of Monetary Instruments and Funds to Promote Specified Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(2)(A))
6.18.1956E Money Laundering—Movement of Monetary Instruments and Funds to Conceal Proceeds (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(2)(B)(I))
6.18.1956F Money Laundering—Movement of Monetary Instruments and Funds to Avoid Reporting Requirements (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(2)(B)(II))
6.18.1956G Money Laundering “Sting”— Financial Transaction with Intent to Promote Specified Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(3)(A))
6.18.1956H Money Laundering “Sting”— Financial Transaction with Intent to Conceal Nature of Property (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(3)(B))
6.18.1956I Money Laundering “Sting”— Financial Transaction with Intent to Avoid Transaction Reporting Requirement (18 U.S.C. § 1956(A)(3)(C))
6.18.1956J Supplemental Instructions
6.18.1956K Conspiracy to Launder Money (18 U.S.C. § 1956(H))
6.18.1957 Engaging in Monetary Transactions in Property Derived From Specified Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1957)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.1962A RICO-Participation in the Affairs Through a Pattern of Racketeering Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1962(C))
6.18.1962B RICO—Conspiracy (18 U.S.C. § 1962(D))
6.18.1962C RICO—Conspiracy—Agreement Explained
6.18.1962D “Enterprise” Defined
6.18.1962E “Conduct/Participation” Defined
6.18.1962F RICO—Pattern of Racketeering
6.18.1962G Sample Verdict Form—Rico (18 U.S.C. § 1962(C))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.2113A Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(A)) (First Paragraph)
6.18.2113B Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(D))
6.18.2113C Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(E))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.2119A Carjacking (No Serious Bodily Injury or Death) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(1))
6.18.2119B Carjacking (Serious Bodily Injury) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(2))
6.18.2119C Carjacking (Death Resulting) (18 U.S.C. § 2119(3))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.2250 Failure to Register (18 U.S.C. § 2250(a))
6.18.2251(a) Sexual Exploitation of a Child by a Person Other Than Parent or Guardian (18 U.S.C. § 2251(A))
6.18.2251(b) Sexual Exploitation of a Child by a Parent or Guardian (18 U.S.C. § 2251(B))
6.18.2251(c) Sexual Exploitation of a Child Outside the United States (18 U.S.C. § 2251(C))
6.18.2251(d)(1) Sexual Exploitation of a Child—Notice or Advertisement to Acquire (18 U.S.C. § 2251(D))
6.18.2251(d)(2) Sexual Exploitation of a Child—Notice or Advertisements to Furnish (18 U.S.C. § 2251(D))
6.18.2252 Receipt, Possession or Distribution of Material Containing Child Pornography (18 U.S.C. §§ 2252a(A)(2)(A) and (B) and (A)(5)(B))
6.18.2252A “Lascivious” Explained
6.18.2252B “Interstate Commerce” Defined
6.18.2252C “Computer” Defined
6.18.2252A(g) Child Exploitation Enterprise (18 U.S.C. § 2252a(G))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.2261A Stalking (18 U.S.C. § 2261A)
6.18.2312 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Vehicle (18 U.S.C. § 2312)
6.18.2313 Receipt or Sale of a Stolen Motor Vehicle or Aircraft (18 U.S.C. § 2313)
6.18.2314 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property (18 U.S.C. § 2314) (First Paragraph)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.18.2421 Transportation for Prostitution (18 U.S.C. § 2421)
6.18.2422A Persuading or Coercing to Travel to Engage in Prostitution (18 U.S.C. § 2422(A))
6.18.2422B Persuading or Coercing a Minor to Engage in Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2422(B))
6.18.2423A Transportation of Minor to Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2423(A)
6.18.6102 Fraudulent Receipt of Veterans Affairs Benefits (18 U.S.C. § 6102(B))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.21.841A Controlled Substances—Possession with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
6.21.841A.1 (Short) Controlled Substances—Possession with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. § 841(A)(1)) (Apprendi Affected Possession)
6.21.841A.1 (Long) Controlled Substances—Possession with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. § 841(A)(1)) (Apprendi-Affected Possession)
6.21.841A.1(a) Verdict Form; with Lesser-Included Offense
6.21.841A.1(b) Special Verdict Form (Interrogatories to Follow Finding of Guilt)
6.21.841B Controlled Substances— Distribution (21 U.S.C. § 841(A)(1))
6.21.841C Controlled Substances Distribution Resulting in Death or Serious Bodily Injury (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
6.21.841D Controlled Substances – Possession with Intent to Distribute – Controlled Substance Analogue (21 U.S.C. §§ 802(32), 813, and 841(A)(1))
6.21.843A Controlled Substances—Acquiring or Obtaining a Controlled Substance by Misrepresentation, Fraud, Forgery, Deception, or Subterfuge (21 U.S.C. § 843(a)(3))
6.21.843B Controlled Substances—Use of a Communications Facility (21 U.S.C. § 843(B))
6.21.846A Conspiracy (21 U.S.C. § 846)
6.21.846A.1 Conspiracy (21 U.S.C. § 846) (Apprendi-Affected Conspiracy)
6.21.846B Attempt (21 U.S.C. § 846)
6.21.848A Controlled Substances— Continuing Criminal Enterprise (21 U.S.C. § 848(C))
6.21.848B Felony Violations of Federal Narcotic Laws (21 U.S.C. § 848(C)(1))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.21.853 Criminal Forfeiture of Property
6.21.856A Establishment of Manufacturing Operations— Maintaining Any Place for Manufacturing (21 U.S.C. § 856(A)(1))
6.21.856B Establishment of Manufacturing Operations—Managing or Controlling a Manufacturing Place for Compensation (21 U.S.C. § 856(A)(2))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.26.5861 Firearms—Possession of Unregistered Firearms (26 U.S.C. § 5861(D))
6.26.7201 Tax Evasion (26 U.S.C. § 7201)
6.26.7202 Failure to Collect, Account Truthfully for, or Pay Over Employment Taxes (26 U.S.C. § 7202)
6.26.7203 Failure to File Tax Return (26 U.S.C. § 7203)
6.26.7206 False Income Tax Return (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir.

6.33.1311(A) Knowing Discharge of Pollutant in Violation of the Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1311)
6.38.6102 Fraudulent Receipt of Veterans Affairs Benefits (38 U.S.C. § 6102(B))
6.42.408 Falsely Representing a Social Security Account Number 42 U.S.C. § 408(A)(7)(B)
6.42.1320 Soliciting or Receiving Kickbacks in Connection with Medicare or Federal Health Care Program Payments (42 U.S.C. § 1320a7b(B)(1)(A))
6.49.46504 Assaulting or Intimidating a Flight Crew of an Aircraft in the United States (49 U.S.C. § 46504)
6.49.46505(b) Attempting to Board Aircraft with Concealed Weapon or Explosive Device (49 U.S.C. § 46505)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 7.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: CONSIDERATION OF MENTAL STATE
7.01 Specific Intent
7.02 Willfully
7.03 Knowingly
7.04 Deliberate Ignorance/Willful Blindness
7.05 Proof of Intent or Knowledge

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 8.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: DEFINITIONS
8.01 Attempt
8.02 Possession: Actual, Constructive, Sole, Joint

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 9.00
FINAL INSTRUCTIONS: DEFENSES AND THEORIES OF DEFENSE
9.01 Entrapment
9.01a Entrapment by Estoppel
9.02 Coercion or Duress
9.03 Insanity (18 U.S.C. § 17)
9.04 Self Defense — Defense of Third Person
9.05 Theory of Defense
9.06 Intoxication; Drug Use
9.07 Alibi
9.08a Good Faith (Fraud Cases)
9.08b Good Faith (Tax Cases)
9.09 Advice of Counsel

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 10.00
SUPPLEMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS
10.01 Response to Questions Necessitating Supplemental Instructions
10.02 Duty to Deliberate (“Allen” Charge)
10.03 Return to Deliberations After Polling
10.04 Partial Verdict

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 11.00
VERDICT FORMS
11.01 General Verdict
11.02 General Verdict—with Lesser-Included Offense
11.03 Sample Special Verdict Form (Interrogatories to Follow Finding of Guilt)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 8th Cir. Chapter 12.00
HOMICIDE—DEATH PENALTY—SENTENCING (18 U.S.C. §§ 3591 ET SEQ.)
12.01 Introduction to Preliminary Instructions
12.02 Burden of Proof
12.03 Evidence
12.04 Introduction to Final Instructions
12.05 Finding As to Defendant's Age (18 U.S.C. § 3591) (Homicide)
12.06 Finding of Requisite Mental State[s] (18 U.S.C. § 3591)
12.07 Statutory Aggravating Factors (18 U.S.C. § 3592)
12.07A Death or Injury Resulting in Death During the Commission of an Offense Listed Under 18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(1)
12.07B Defendant's Prior Conviction of a Violent Felony Involving a Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(2))
12.07C Defendant's Prior Conviction of an Offense Resulting in Death for Which a Sentence of Life Imprisonment or Death Was Authorized by Statute (18 U.S.C. §§ 3592(C)(3), (D)(1))
12.07D Defendant's Prior Conviction of Two or More Offenses Involving the Infliction of Serious Bodily Injury or Death (18 U.S.C. §§ 3592(C)(4), (D)(2))
12.07E Creation of a Grave Risk of Death to One or More Persons in Addition to the Victim (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(5); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(5))
12.07F Commission of the Offense in an Especially Heinous Cruel or Depraved Manner (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(6))
12.07G Procurement of Commission of the Offense by Payment of Something of Pecuniary Value (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(7); 21 U.S.C. §§ 848(N)(6) and (7))
12.07H Commission of the Offense for Pecuniary Gain (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(8); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(7))
12.07I Commission of the Offense After Substantial Planning and Premeditation (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(9); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(8))
12.07J Defendant's Prior Convictions for Two or More Felony Drug Distribution Offenses (18 U.S.C. §§ 3592(C)(10), (D)(2); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(4))
12.07K Vulnerable Victim (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(11); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(9))
12.07L Previous Conviction for a Federal Narcotics Violation for Which a Sentence of Five or More Years May Be Imposed, or Prior Conviction for a Continuing Criminal Enterprise (18 U.S.C. §§ 3592(C)(12), (D)(3); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(10))
12.07M Continuing Criminal Enterprise Involving Drug Sales to Minors (18 U.S.C. §§ 3592(C)(13), (D)(5)(6) and (7); 21 U.S.C. § 848(N)(11); 21 U.S.C. §§ 802(8) (11))
12.07N Commission of the Offense Against a High Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(14))
12.07O Defendant's Previous Conviction for Sexual Assault, Child Molestation (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(15))
12.07P Multiple Killings or Attempted Killings (18 U.S.C. § 3592(C)(16); 18 U.S.C. § 3591(A)(2)(A))
12.08 Nonstatutory Aggravating Factors
12.09 Mitigating Factors
12.10 Mitigating Factors Enumerated (18 U.S.C. § 3592(A))
12.11 Weighing Aggravation and Mitigation
12.12 Consequences of Deliberations (18 U.S.C. § 3594)
12.13 Justice Without Discrimination (18 U.S.C. § 3593(F))
12.14 Defendant's Right Not to Testify
12.15 to 12.19 [Reserved for Future Use]
12.20 Special Verdict (18 U.S.C. § 3593(D); 21 U.S.C. § 848(K), (Q))
12.21 Concluding Instruction
12.22 Special Verdict Form

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir.

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 1.
PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS
1.1 Duty of Jury
1.2 The Charge—Presumption of Innocence
1.3 What is Evidence
1.4 What is Not Evidence
1.5 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
1.6 Ruling on Objections
1.7 Credibility of Witnesses
1.8 Conduct of the Jury
1.9 No Transcript Available to Jury
1.10 Taking Notes
1.11 Outline of Trial
1.12 Jury to Be Guided by English Translation/Interpretation
1.13 Separate Consideration for Each Defendant
1.14 Questions to Witnesses by Jurors During Trial
1.15 Pro Se Defendant
1.16 Bench Conferences and Recesses

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 2.
INSTRUCTIONS DURING COURSE OF TRIAL
2.1 Cautionary Instructions
2.2 Stipulated Testimony
2.3 Stipulations of Fact
2.4 Judicial Notice
2.5 Deposition as Substantive Evidence
2.6 Transcript of Recording in English
2.7 Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language
2.8 Disputed Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language
2.9 Foreign Language Testimony
2.10 Other Crimes, Wrongs, or Acts of Defendant
2.11 Similar Acts in Sexual Assault and Child Molestation Cases (Fed. R. Evid. 413 and 414)
2.12 Evidence for Limited Purpose
2.13 Photos of Defendant, “Mugshots”
2.14 Dismissal of Some Charges Against Defendant
2.15 Disposition of Charge Against Codefendant
2.16 Defendant’s Previous Trial

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 3.
CONSIDERATION OF PARTICULAR EVIDENCE
Introductory Comment
3.1 Statements by Defendant or Codefendants
3.2 Silence in the Face of Accusation
3.3 Other Crimes, Wrongs, or Acts of Defendant
3.4 Character of Defendant
3.5 Character of Victim
3.6 Impeachment, Prior Conviction of Defendant
3.7 Character of Witness for Truthfulness
3.8 Impeachment Evidence—Witness
3.9 Testimony of Witnesses Involving Special Circumstances—Immunity, Benefits, Accomplice, Plea
3.10 Government’s Use of Undercover Agents and Informants
3.11 Eyewitness Identification
3.12 Child Witness
3.13 Deported Material Witness
3.14 Opinion Evidence, Expert Witness
3.15 Dual Role Testimony
3.16 Charts and Summaries Not Admitted into Evidence
3.17 Charts and Summaries Admitted into Evidence
3.18 Flight/Concealment of Identity
3.19 Lost or Destroyed Evidence
3.20 Untimely Disclosure of Exculpatory or Impeachment Evidence

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 4.
RESPONSIBILITY
4.1 Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(a))
4.2 Aiding and Abetting (18 U.S.C. § 2(b))
4.3 Accessory After the Fact
4.4 Attempt
4.5 Specific Intent
4.6 Willfully
4.7 Maliciously
4.8 Knowingly
4.9 Deliberate Ignorance
4.10 Presumptions
4.11 Advice of Counsel
4.12 Corruptly
4.13 Intent to Defraud

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 5.
SPECIFIC DEFENSES
Introductory Comment
5.1 Alibi
5.2 Entrapment
5.3 Sentencing Entrapment
5.4 Entrapment by Estoppel Defense
5.5 Entrapment Defense—Whether Person Acted as Government Agent
5.6 Insanity
5.7 Duress, Coercion, or Compulsion (Legal Excuse)
5.8 Necessity (Legal Excuse)
5.9 Justification (Legal Excuse)
5.10 Self-Defense
5.11 Diminished Capacity
5.12 Mere Presence
5.13 Public Authority or Government Authorization Defense

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 6.
JURY DELIBERATIONS
Introductory Comment
6.0 Cover Sheet
6.1 Duties of Jury to Find Facts and Follow Law
6.2 Charge Against Defendant Not Evidence—Presumption of Innocence—Burden of Proof
6.3 Defendant’s Decision Not to Testify
6.4 Defendant’s Decision to Testify
6.5 Reasonable Doubt—Defined
6.6 What is Evidence
6.7 What is Not Evidence
6.8 Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
6.9 Credibility of Witnesses
6.10 Activities Not Charged
6.11 Separate Consideration of Multiple Counts—Single Defendant
6.12 Separate Consideration of Single Count—Multiple Defendants
6.13 Separate Consideration of Multiple Counts—Multiple Defendants
6.14 Lesser Included Offense
6.15 Possession—Defined
6.16 Corporate Defendant
6.17 Foreign Language Testimony
6.18 On or About—Defined
6.19 Duty to Deliberate
6.20 Consideration of Evidence—Conduct of the Jury
6.21 Use of Notes
6.22 Jury Consideration of Punishment
6.23 Verdict Form
6.24 Communication with Court
6.25 Deadlocked Jury
6.26 Script for Post-Allen Charge Inquiry
6.27 Specific Issue Unanimity
6.28 Readback or Playback
6.29 Continuing Deliberations After Juror is Discharged and Not Replaced
6.30 Resumption of Deliberations After Alternate Juror is Added
6.31 Post-Discharge Instruction
6.32 Venue

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 7.
ALIEN OFFENSES
7.1 Alien—Bringing or Attempting to Bring to the United States (Other than Designated Place) (8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i))
7.2 Alien—Illegal Transportation or Attempted Transportation (8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii))
7.3 Alien—Harboring or Attempted Harboring (8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii))
7.4 Alien—Encouraging Illegal Entry (8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iv))
7.5 Alien—Bringing or Attempting to Bring to The United States (Without Authorization) (8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(2)(B)(i)-(iii))
7.6 Alien—Deported Alien Reentering United States Without Consent (8 U.S.C. § 1326(a))
7.7 Alien—Deported Alien Reentering United States Without Consent—Attempt (8 U.S.C. § 1326(a))
7.8 Alien—Deported Alien Found in United States (8 U.S.C. § 1326(a))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 8.
ASSAULT AND THREAT OFFENSES
8.1 Assault on Federal Officer or Employee (18 U.S.C. § 111(a))
8.2 Assault on Federal Officer or Employee [With a Deadly or Dangerous Weapon] [Which Inflicts Bodily Injury] (18 U.S.C. § 111(b))
8.3 Assault on Federal Officer or Employee—Defenses
8.4 Assault with Intent to Commit Murder or Other Felony (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(1), (2))
8.5 Assault with Dangerous Weapon (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(3))
8.6 Assault by Striking or Wounding (18 U.S.C § 113(a)(4))
8.7 Simple Assault of Person Under Age 16 (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(5))
8.8 Assault Resulting in Serious Bodily Injury (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(6))
8.9 Assault of Person Under Age 16 Resulting in Substantial Bodily Injury (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(7))
8.10 Assault by Strangulation or Suffocation (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(8))
8.11 Assault of Spouse, Intimate Partner, or Dating Partner (18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(7)) 172
8.12 Threats Against the President (18 U.S.C. § 871)
8.13 Transmitting a Communication Containing a Threat to Kidnap or Injure (18 U.S.C. § 875(c))
8.14 Mailing Threatening Communications—Threats to Kidnap or Injure (18 U.S.C. § 876(c))
8.15 Threatening to Assault, Kidnap, or Murder a United States Official, United States Judge, Federal Law Enforcement Officer, or Other Official (18 U.S.C. § 115(a)(1)(B))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 9.
BANK ROBBERY AND HOBBS ACT OFFENSES
9.1 Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(a), (d))
9.2 Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(b), (c))
9.3 Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113(e))
9.4 Attempted Bank Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 2113)
9.5 Hobbs Act—Extortion or Attempted Extortion by Force (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
9.6 Hobbs Act—Extortion or Attempted Extortion by Nonviolent Threat (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
9.7 Hobbs Act—Extortion or Attempted Extortion Under Color of Official Right (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
9.8 Hobbs Act—Robbery or Attempted Robbery (18 U.S.C. § 1951)
9.9 Hobbs Act—Affecting Interstate Commerce

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 10.
BRIBERY
10.1 Official Act— Defined (18 U.S.C. § 201(a)(3))
10.2 Bribery of Federal Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1))
10.3 Receiving Bribe by Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2))
10.4 Bribery of Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(3))
10.5 Receiving Bribe by Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(4))
10.6 Illegal Gratuity to Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A))
10.7 Receiving Illegal Gratuity by Public Official (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B))
10.8 Illegal Gratuity to Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(2))
10.9 Receiving Illegal Gratuity by Witness (18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(3))
10.10 Receiving Commissions or Gifts for Procuring Loans(18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(2))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 11.
CONSPIRACY
11.1 Conspiracy—Elements
11.2 Conspiracy to Defraud the United States (18 U.S.C. § 371 “Defraud Clause”) . 211
11.3 Multiple Conspiracies
11.4 Conspiracy—Knowledge of and Association with Other Conspirators
11.5 Withdrawal from Conspiracy
11.6 Conspiracy—Liability for Substantive Offense Committed by Co-Conspirator (Pinkerton Charge)
11.7 Conspiracy—Sears Charge

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 12.
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES OFFENSES
12.1 Controlled Substance—Possession with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
12.2 Determining Amount of Controlled Substance
12.3 Controlled Substance—Attempted Possession with Intent to Distribute (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846)
12.4 Controlled Substance—Distribution or Manufacture (21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1))
12.5 Controlled Substance—Conspiracy to Distribute or Manufacture (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a), 846)
12.6 Buyer-Seller Relationship
12.7 Controlled Substance—Attempted Distribution or Manufacture (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846)
12.8 Controlled Substance—Distribution to Person Under 21 Years (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 859)
12.9 Controlled Substance—Attempted Distribution to Person Under 21 Years (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846, 859)
12.10 Controlled Substance—Distribution in or Near School (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 860)
12.11 Controlled Substance—Attempted Distribution in or Near School (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846, 860)
12.12 Controlled Substance—Employment of Minor to Violate Drug Law (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 861(a)(1))
12.13 Controlled Substance—Attempted Employment of Minor to Violate Drug Laws (21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846, 861(a)(1))
12.14 Controlled Substance—Possession of Listed Chemical with Intent to Manufacture (21 U.S.C. § 841(c)(1))
12.15 Controlled Substance—Possession or Distribution of Listed Chemical (21 U.S.C. § 841(c)(2))
12.16 Illegal Use of Communication Facility (21 U.S.C. § 843(b))
12.17 Controlled Substance—Continuing Criminal Enterprise (21 U.S.C. § 848)
12.18 Controlled Substance—Maintaining Drug-Involved Premises (21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1))
12.19 Controlled Substance—Unlawful Importation (21 U.S.C. §§ 952, 960)
12.20 Controlled Substance—Manufacture for Purpose of Importation (21 U.S.C. §§ 959, 960(a)(3))
12.21 (Controlled Substance—Statutory Enhancement Based on Prior Serious Drug Felony or Serious Violent Felony)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 13.
COUNTERFEITING
13.1 Counterfeiting (18 U.S.C. § 471)
13.2 Passing or Attempting to Pass Counterfeit Obligations (18 U.S.C. § 472)
13.3 Connecting Parts of Genuine Instruments (18 U.S.C. § 484)
13.4 Falsely Making, Altering, Forging, or Counterfeiting a Writing to Obtain Money from United States (18 U.S.C. § 495)
13.5 Uttering or Publishing False Writing (18 U.S.C. § 495)
13.6 Transmitting or Presenting False Writing to Defraud United States (18 U.S.C. § 495)
13.7 Forging Endorsement on Treasury Check, Bond, or Security of United States (18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(1))
13.8 Passing or Attempting to Pass Forged Endorsement on Treasury Check, Bond, or Security of United States (18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(2))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 14.
FIREARMS OFFENSES
14.1 Firearms
14.2 Firearms—Fugitive from Justice Defined (18 U.S.C. § 921(a)(15))
14.3 Firearms—Dealing, Importing, or Manufacturing Without License (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(1)(A), (B))
14.4 Firearms—Shipment or Transportation to a Person Not Licensed as a Dealer, Importer, Manufacturer, or Collector (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(2))
14.5 Firearms—Transporting or Receiving in State of Residence (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(3))
14.6 Firearms—Unlawful Transportation of Destructive Device, Machine Gun, Short-Barreled Shotgun, or Short-Barreled Rifle (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(4))
14.7 Firearms—Unlawful Disposition by Unlicensed Dealer(18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(5))
14.8 Firearms—False Statement or Identification in Acquisition or Attempted Acquisition (18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6))
14.9 Firearms—Unlawful Sale or Delivery (18 U.S.C. § 922(b)(1)-(3))
14.10 Firearms—Unlawful Sale or Delivery Without Specific Authority(18 U.S.C. § 922(b)(4))
14.11 Firearms—Unlawful Sale (18 U.S.C. § 922(d))
14.12 Firearms—Delivery to Carrier Without Written Notice (18 U.S.C. § 922(e))
14.13 Firearms—Unlawful Receipt (18 U.S.C. § 922(g))
14.14 Firearms—Unlawful Shipment or Transportation (18 U.S.C. § 922(g))
14.15 Firearms—Unlawful Possession (18 U.S.C. § 922(g))
14.16 Firearms—Unlawful Possession—Convicted Felon (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1))
14.17 Firearms—Unlawful Possession—Defense of Justification
14.18 Firearms—Transportation or Shipment of Stolen Firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(i))
14.19 Firearms—Transportation, Shipment, Possession, or Receipt in Commerce with Removed or Altered Serial Number (18 U.S.C. § 922(k))
14.20 Firearms—Shipment or Transportation by Person Under Indictment for Felony(18 U.S.C. § 922(n))
14.21 Firearms—Receipt by Person Under Indictment for Felony(18 U.S.C. § 922(n))
14.22 Firearms–Using, Carrying, or Brandishing in Commission of Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c))
14.23 Firearms—Possession in Furtherance of Crime of Violence or Drug Trafficking Crime (18 U.S.C. § 924(c))
14.24 Firearms—Unlawful Possession of Body Armor (18 U.S.C. § 931(a))
14.25 Firearms—Possession of Unregistered Firearm (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d))
14.26 Firearms—Destructive Devices— Component Parts (26 U.S.C. § 5861(d))
14.27 Firearms—Possession Without Serial Number (26 U.S.C. § 5861(i))
14.28 Transportation of an Explosive or Attempted Transportation of an Explosive (18 U.S.C. § 844(d))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 15.
FRAUD, ACCESS DEVICE, AND COMPUTER OFFENSES
15.1 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents —Production (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1))
15.2 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents —Transfer (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(2))
15.3 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Possession of Five or More Documents (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(3))
15.4 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Possession of Identification Document to Defraud United States (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(4))
15.5 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Document-Making Implements (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(5))
15.6 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Possession (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(6))
15.7 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Possessing Another’s Means of Identification (18 U.S.C. § 1028 (a)(7))
15.8 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Trafficking (18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(8))
15.9 Fraud in Connection with Identification Documents—Aggravated Identity Theft(18 U.S.C. § 1028A)
15.10 Counterfeit Access Devices—Producing, Using, or Trafficking (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(1))
15.11 Unauthorized Access Devices—Using or Trafficking(18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2))
15.12 Access Devices—Unlawfully Possessing Fifteen or More(18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3))
15.13 Device-Making Equipment—Illegal Possession or Production (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(4))
15.14 Access Devices—Illegal Transactions (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(5))
15.15 Access Devices—Unauthorized Solicitation (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(6))
15.16 Access Device—Defined (18 U.S.C. § 1029)
15.17 Telecommunications Instrument—Illegal Modification(18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(7))
15.18 Use or Control of Scanning Receiver (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(8))
15.19 Illegally Modified Telecommunications Equipment—Possession or Production(18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(9))
15.20 Credit Card Transaction Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(10))
15.21 Without Authorization—Defined
15.22 Obtaining Information by Computer— Injurious to United States or Advantageous to Foreign Nation (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(1))
15.23 Obtaining Information by Computer—From Financial Institution or Government Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)(A), (B))
15.24 Obtaining Information by Computer—“Protected” Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2)(C))
15.25 Unlawfully Accessing Nonpublic Computer Used by the Government (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(3))
15.26 Computer Fraud—Use of Protected Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(4))
15.27 Intentional Damage to a Protected Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A))
15.28 Reckless Damage to a Protected Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(B))
15.29 Damage to a Protected Computer Causing Loss (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(C))
15.30 Trafficking in Passwords (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(6)(A), (B))
15.31 Threatening to Damage a Computer (18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(7))
15.32 Mail Fraud—Scheme to Defraud or to Obtain Money or Property by False Promises (18 U.S.C. § 1341)
15.33 Scheme to Defraud—Vicarious Liability(18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343, 1344, 1346)
15.34 Mail Fraud—Scheme to Defraud—Deprivation of Intangible Right of Honest Services (18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1346)
15.35 Wire Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1343)
15.36 Bank Fraud—Scheme to Defraud Bank (18 U.S.C. § 1344(1))
15.37 Bank Fraud—Scheme to Deprive Bank of Intangible Right of Honest Services(18 U.S.C. §§ 1344(1), 1346)
15.38 Attempted Bank Fraud—Scheme to Deprive Bank of Intangible Right of Honest Services (18 U.S.C. §§ 1344(1), 1346)
15.39 Bank Fraud—Scheme to Defraud by False Promises (18 U.S.C. § 1344(2))
15.40 Attempted Bank Fraud—Scheme to Defraud by False Promises(18 U.S.C. § 1344)
15.41 False Statement to a Bank or Other Federally Insured Institution(18 U.S.C. § 1014)
15.42 Health Care Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1347)
15.43 Immigration Fraud—Forged, Counterfeited, Altered, or Falsely Made Immigration Document (18 U.S.C. § 1546(a))
15.44 Immigration Fraud—Use or Possession of Immigration Document Procured by Fraud (18 U.S.C. § 1546(a))
15.45 Immigration Fraud—False Statement on Immigration Document (18 U.S.C. § 1546(a))
15.46 Bankruptcy Fraud—Scheme or Artifice to Defraud (18 U.S.C. § 157)
15.47 Securities Fraud (15 U.S.C. §§ 78j(b), 78ff; 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5)
15.48 Sale of Unregistered Securities (15 U.S.C. § 77e)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 16.
HOMICIDE
16.1 Murder—First Degree (18 U.S.C. § 1111)
16.2 Murder—Second Degree (18 U.S.C. § 1111)
16.3 Manslaughter—Voluntary (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
16.4 Manslaughter—Involuntary (18 U.S.C. § 1112)
16.5 Attempted Murder (18 U.S.C. § 1113)
16.6 Killing or Attempting to Kill Federal Officer or Employee(18 U.S.C. § 1114)
16.7 Murder for Hire (18 U.S.C. § 1958)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 17.
KIDNAPPING
17.1 Kidnapping—Interstate Transportation (18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1))
17.2 Kidnapping—Within Special Maritime and Territorial Jurisdiction of United States (18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(2))
17.3 Kidnapping—Foreign Official or Official Guest (18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(4))
17.4 Kidnapping—Federal Officer or Employee (18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(5))
17.5 Attempted Kidnapping—Foreign Official or Official Guest(18 U.S.C. § 1201(d))
17.6 Attempted Kidnapping—Federal Officer or Employee (18 U.S.C. § 1201(d))
17.7 Hostage Taking (18 U.S.C. § 1203(a))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 18.
MONEY LAUNDERING AND RACKETEERING OFFENSES
18.1 Travel Act—Interstate or Foreign Travel in Aid of Racketeering Enterprise (18 U.S.C. § 1952(a)(3))
18.2 Illegal Gambling Business (18 U.S.C. § 1955)
18.3 Financial Transaction or Attempted Transaction to Promote Unlawful Activity(18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A))
18.4 Laundering or Attempting to Launder Monetary Instruments (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B))
18.5 Transporting or Attempting to Transport Funds to Promote Unlawful Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(A))
18.6 Transporting or Attempting to Transport Monetary Instruments for the Purpose of Laundering (18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(B))
18.7 Money Laundering (18 U.S.C. § 1957)
18.7A Money Laundering Conspiracy (18 U.S.C. § 1956(h))
18.8 Violent Crime or Attempted Violent Crime in Aid of Racketeering Enterprise (18 U.S.C. § 1959)
18.9 Racketeering Enterprise—Enterprise Affecting Interstate Commerce—Defined(18 U.S.C. § 1959)
18.10 Racketeering Activity—Defined (18 U.S.C. § 1959)
18.11 Racketeering Enterprise—Proof of Purpose (18 U.S.C. § 1959)
18.12 RICO—Racketeering Act—Charged as Separate Count in Indictment (18 U.S.C. § 1961(1))
18.13 RICO—Racketeering Act—Not Charged as Separate Count in Indictment (18 U.S.C. § 1961(1))
18.14 RICO—Pattern of Racketeering Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1961(5))
18.15 RICO—Using or Investing Income from Racketeering Activity (18 U.S.C. § 1962(a))
18.16 RICO—Acquiring Interest in Enterprise (18 U.S.C. § 1962(b))
18.17 RICO—Conducting Affairs of Commercial Enterprise or Union (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c))
18.18 RICO—Conducting Affairs of Association–in–Fact (18 U.S.C. § 1962(c))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 19.
OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE
19.1 Obstruction of Justice—Influencing Juror (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
19.2 Obstruction of Justice—Injuring Juror (18 U.S.C. § 1503)
19.3 Obstruction of Justice—Omnibus Clause of 18 U.S.C. § 1503
19.4 Obstruction of Justice—Destruction, Alteration, or Falsification of Records in Federal Investigations and Bankruptcy (18 U.S.C. § 1519)
19.5 Obstruction of Justice—Official Proceeding (18 U.S.C. § 1512(c))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 20.
SEXUAL ABUSE, SEXUAL EXPLOITATION, AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY OFFENSES
20.1 Aggravated Sexual Abuse (18 U.S.C. § 2241(a))
20.2 Attempted Aggravated Sexual Abuse (18 U.S.C. § 2241(a))
20.3 Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Administration of Drug, Intoxicant, or Other Substance (18 U.S.C. § 2241(b)(2))
20.4 Attempted Aggravated Sexual Abuse—Administration of Drug, Intoxicant, or Other Substance (18 U.S.C. § 2241(b)(2))
20.5 Aggravated Sexual Abuse of Child (18 U.S.C. § 2241(c))
20.6 Attempted Aggravated Sexual Abuse of Child (18 U.S.C. § 2241(c))
20.7 Sexual Abuse—By Threat (18 U.S.C. § 2242(1))
20.8 Attempted Sexual Abuse—By Threat (18 U.S.C. § 2242(1))
20.9 Sexual Abuse—Incapacity of Victim (18 U.S.C. § 2242(2))
20.10 Attempted Sexual Abuse—Incapacity of Victim (18 U.S.C. § 2242(2))
20.11 Sexual Abuse of Minor (18 U.S.C. § 2243(a))
20.12 Attempted Sexual Abuse of Minor (18 U.S.C. § 2243(a))
20.13 Sexual Abuse of Person in Official Detention (18 U.S.C. § 2243(b))
20.14 Attempted Sexual Abuse of Person in Official Detention(18 U.S.C. § 2243(b))
20.15 Sexual Abuse—Defense of Reasonable Belief of Minor’s Age (18 U.S.C. § 2243(c)(1))
20.16 Abusive Sexual Contact—General (18 U.S.C. § 2244(a))
20.17 Abusive Sexual Contact—Without Permission (18 U.S.C. § 2244(b))
20.18 Sexual Exploitation of Child (18 U.S.C. § 2251(a))
20.19 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Permitting or Assisting by Parent or Guardian (18 U.S.C. § 2251(b))
20.20 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Transportation of Visual Depiction into United States (18 U.S.C. § 2251(c))
20.21 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Notice or Advertisement Seeking or Offering (18 U.S.C. § 2251(d))
20.22 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Transportation of Child Pornography (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(1))
20.23 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Possession of Child Pornography (18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(4)(B))
20.24 Sexual Exploitation of Child—Defense of Reasonable Belief of Age
20.25 Sex Trafficking of Children or by Force, Fraud, or Coercion (18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(1))
20.26 Sex Trafficking of Children or by Force, Fraud, or Coercion—Benefitting from Participation in Venture (18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)(2))
20.27 Transportation or Attempted Transportation for Prostitution or Criminal Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2421)
20.28 Persuading or Coercing to Travel to Engage in Prostitution or Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2422(a))
20.29 Using or Attempting to Use the Mail or a Means of Interstate Commerce to Persuade or Coerce a Minor to Travel to Engage in Prostitution or Sexual Activity(18 U.S.C. § 2422(b))
20.30 Transportation of Minor for Prostitution or Criminal Sexual Activity (18 U.S.C. § 2423(a))
20.31 Engaging in Illicit Sexual Conduct Abroad (18 U.S.C. § 2423(c))
20.32 Transfer of Obscene Material to a Minor (18 U.S.C. § 1470)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 21.
SMUGGLING
21.1 Smuggling or Attempting to Smuggle Goods (18 U.S.C. § 545)
21.2 Smuggling or Attempting to Smuggle Goods from the United States(18 U.S.C. § 554)
21.3 Passing or Attempting to Pass False Papers Through Customhouse(18 U.S.C. § 545)
21.4 Importing Merchandise Illegally (18 U.S.C. § 545)
21.5 Receiving, Concealing, Buying, or Selling Smuggled Merchandise(18 U.S.C. § 545)

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 22.
TAX AND BULK SMUGGLING OFFENSES
22.1 Attempt to Evade or Defeat Income Tax (26 U.S.C. § 7201)
22.2 Willful Failure to Pay Tax or File Tax Return (26 U.S.C. § 7203)
22.3 Filing False Tax Return (26 U.S.C. § 7206(1))
22.4 Aiding or Advising False Income Tax Return (26 U.S.C. § 7206(2))
22.5 Filing False Tax Return (Misdemeanor) (26 U.S.C. § 7207)
22.6 Willfully—Defined (26 U.S.C. §§ 7201, 7203, 7206, 7207)
22.7 Forcible or Attempted Rescue of Seized Property (26 U.S.C. § 7212(b))
22.8 Failure to Report Exporting or Importing Monetary Instruments (31 U.S.C. §§ 5316(a)(1), 5324(c))
22.9 Bulk Cash Smuggling (31 U.S.C. § 5332(a))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 23.
THEFT AND STOLEN PROPERTY OFFENSES
23.1 Theft of Government Money or Property (18 U.S.C. § 641)
23.2 Receiving Stolen Government Money or Property (18 U.S.C. § 641)
23.3 Theft, Embezzlement, or Misapplication of Bank Funds (18 U.S.C. § 656)
23.4 Embezzlement or Misapplication by Officer or Employee of Lending, Credit or Insurance Institution (18 U.S.C. § 657)
23.5 Theft from Interstate or Foreign Shipment (18 U.S.C. § 659)
23.6 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Vehicle, Vessel, or Aircraft(18 U.S.C. § 2312)
23.7 Sale or Receipt of Stolen Vehicle, Vessel, or Aircraft (18 U.S.C. § 2313)
23.8 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property (18 U.S.C. § 2314)
23.9 Sale or Receipt of Stolen Goods, Securities, and Other Property(18 U.S.C. § 2315)
23.10 Mail Theft (18 U.S.C. § 1708)
23.11 Attempted Mail Theft (18 U.S.C. § 1708)
23.12 Possession of Stolen Mail (18 U.S.C. § 1708)
23.13 Embezzlement of Mail by Postal Employee (18 U.S.C. § 1709)
23.14 Economic Espionage (18 U.S.C. § 1831)
23.15 Theft of Trade Secrets (18 U.S.C. § 1832)
23.16 Trade Secret—Defined (18 U.S.C. § 1839(3))

Mod. Crim. Jury Instr. 9th Cir. Chapter 24.
OTHER OFFENSES
24.1 Misprision of Felony (18 U.S.C. § 4)
24.2 Arson or Attempted Arson (18 U.S.C. § 81)
24.3 Conspiracy to Commit Arson (18 U.S.C. § 81)
24.4 Escape from Custody (18 U.S.C. § 751(a))
24.5 Attempted Escape (18 U.S.C. § 751(a))
24.6 Assisting Escape (18 U.S.C. § 752(a))
24.7 Extortionate Credit Transactions (18 U.S.C. § 892)
24.8 False Impersonation of Citizen of United States (18 U.S.C. § 911)
24.9 False Impersonation of Federal Officer or Employee (18 U.S.C. § 912)
24.10 False Statement to Government Agency (18 U.S.C. § 1001)
24.11 False Statement to a Bank or Other Federally Insured Institution(18 U.S.C. § 1014)
24.12 Harboring or Concealing Person from Arrest (18 U.S.C. § 1071)
24.13 Harboring or Concealing Escaped Prisoner (18 U.S.C. § 1072)
24.14 Determination of Indian Status for Offenses Committed Within Indian Country(18 U.S.C. § 1153)
24.15 Perjury—Testimony (18 U.S.C. § 1621)
24.16 Subornation of Perjury (18 U.S.C. § 1622)
24.17 False Declaration Before Grand Jury or Court (18 U.S.C. § 1623)
24.18 Failure to Appear (18 U.S.C. § 3146(a)(1))
24.19 Failure to Surrender (18 U.S.C. § 3146(a)(2))
24.20 Failure to Appear or Surrender—Affirmative Defense (18 U.S.C. § 3146(c))
24.21 Excavating or Trafficking in Archaeological Resources (16 U.S.C. § 470ee(a), (b)(2)) 554
24.22 Lacey Act—Import or Export of Illegally Taken Fish, Wildlife, or Plants (16 U.S.C. §§ 3372, 3373(d)(1)(A))
24.23 Lacey Act—Commercial Activity in Illegally Taken Fish, Wildlife, or Plants (16 U.S.C. §§ 3372, 3373(d)(1)(B))
24.24 Lacey Act—Defendant Should Have Known That Fish, Wildlife, or Plants Were Illegally Taken (16 U.S.C. §§ 3372, 3373(d)(2))
24.25 Lacey Act—False Labeling of Fish, Wildlife, or Plants (16 U.S.C. §§ 3372(d), 3373(d)(3))
24.26 Soliciting or Receiving Kickbacks in Connection with Medicare or Federal Health Care Program Payments (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)(1)(A))
24.27 False Entry in Bank Records (18 U.S.C. § 1005)
24.28 Forced Labor (18 U.S.C. § 1589(a)))

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir. Chapter 1
GENERAL MATTERS
1.01 Preliminary Instructions Before Trial
1.02 Note-Taking by Jurors
1.03 Introduction to Final Instructions
1.04 Duty to Follow Instructions
1.05 Presumption of Innocence—Burden of Proof—Reasonable Doubt
1.05.1 Preponderance of Evidence
1.06 Evidence—Defined
1.07 Evidence—Direct and Circumstantial—Inferences
1.08 Credibility of Witnesses
1.08.1 Non-Testifying Defendant
1.09 Evidence of Good Character
1.09.1 Evidence of Reputation for Honesty
1.10 Impeachment by Prior Inconsistencies
1.11 Impeachment by Prior Conviction
1.12 Impeachment by Prior Conviction
1.13 Impeachment by Evidence of Untruthful Character
1.14 Accomplice—Informant—Immunity
1.15 Accomplice—Co-Defendant—Plea Agreement
1.16 Witness’s Use of Addictive Drugs
1.17 Expert Witness

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

1.18 On or About
1.19 Caution—Consider Only Crime Charged
1.20 Caution—Punishment
1.21 Multiple Defendants—Single Count
1.22 Multiple Defendants—Multiple Counts
1.23 Duty to Deliberate—Verdict Form
1.24 Unanimity of Theory
1.25 Voluntariness of Statement by Defendant
1.26 Confession-Statement—Voluntariness by Defendant
1.27 Entrapment
1.28 Self-Defense or Defense of Another
1.29 Identification Testimony
1.30 Similar Acts
1.31 Actual or Constructive Possession

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

1.32 Attempt
1.33 Lesser Included Offense
1.34 Insanity
1.35 Defendant’s Non-Involvement (Alibi)
1.36 Coercion or Duress
1.37 Knowingly—Deliberate Ignorance
1.38 Willfully—To Act
1.39 Interstate and Foreign Commerce—Defined 18 U.S.C. § 10
1.39.1 Interstate and Foreign Commerce—Effect on 18 U.S.C. § 10
1.40 Cautionary Instruction During Trial
1.41 Summaries and Charts
1.42 Modified Allen Instruction
1.43 Partial Verdict Instruction
1.44 Communication with the Court

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir. Chapter 2
SUBSTANTIVE OFFENSES
2.01 Food Stamps—Unauthorized Use 7 U.S.C. § 2024(b)
2.02 Bringing in an Alien 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i)
2.02.1 Bringing in An Alien 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(2)
2.03 Alien—Illegal Transportation 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii) 78
2.04 Alien—Concealment 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii)
2.05 Reentry of Deported Alien 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.06 Aid and Abet 18 U.S.C. § 2(a)
2.07 Accessory After the Fact 18 U.S.C. § 3
2.08 Misprision of a Felony 18 U.S.C. § 4
2.09 Assaulting a Federal Officer 18 U.S.C. § 111
2.10 Bankruptcy Fraud (Property Concealment) 18 U.S.C. § 152(1)
2.10.1 Bankruptcy Fraud (Scheme or Artifice to Defraud) 18 U.S.C. § 157(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.11 Bribery of a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)
2.12 Receiving a Bribe by a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2)
2.13 Illegal Gratuity to a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A)
2.14 Receiving an Illegal Gratuity by a Public Official 18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B)
2.15 Bribery or Reward of a Bank Officer 18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.16 Conspiracy to Deprive Person of Civil Rights 18 U.S.C. § 241
2.17 Deprivation of Civil Rights 18 U.S.C. § 242
2.18 False Claims Against the Government 18 U.S.C. § 287
2.19 Conspiracy 18 U.S.C. § 371
2.20 Conspiracy: Evidence of Multiple Conspiracies
2.21 Conspirator’s Liability for Substantive Count
2.22 Withdrawal Instruction

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.23 Counterfeiting 18 U.S.C. § 471
2.24 Passing Counterfeit Obligations or Securities 18 U.S.C. § 472
2.24.1 Importation, Possession or Concealment of Counterfeit Obligations or Securities 18 U.S.C. § 472
2.25 Forgery 18 U.S.C. § 495
2.26 Passing a Forged Writing 18 U.S.C. § 495

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.27 Forgery of Endorsement on United States Treasury Check, Bond, or Security 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(1)
2.28 Passing a Forged United States Treasury Check, Bond, or Security 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(2)
2.29 Smuggling 18 U.S.C. § 545 (First Paragraph)
2.30 Unlawful Importation 18 U.S.C. § 545 (Second Paragraph)
2.31 Theft of Government Property 18 U.S.C. § 641
2.32 Embezzlement and Misapplication of Bank Funds 18 U.S.C. § 656
2.33 Theft from Interstate or Foreign Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659 (Paragraph One)
2.34 Buying, Receiving, Possessing Goods Stolen from Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659 (Paragraph Two)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.35 Escape 18 U.S.C. § 751(a)
2.36 Threats Against the President 18 U.S.C. § 871
2.37 Interstate Transmission of Extortionate Communication 18 U.S.C. § 875(b)
2.37.1 Interstate Transmission of Threatening Communication 18 U.S.C. § 875(c)
2.38 Mailing Threatening Communications 18 U.S.C. § 876 (Second Paragraph)
2.39 Misrepresentation of Citizenship 18 U.S.C. § 911
2.40 False Impersonation of Federal Officer or Employee—Demanding or Obtaining Anything of Value 18 U.S.C. § 912

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.41 Dealing in Firearms Without License 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(1)(A)
2.42 False Statement to Firearms Dealer 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6)
2.43 Unlawful Sale or Disposition of Firearm 18 U.S.C. § 922(d)
2.44 Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1)
2.45 Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)
2.45.1 Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)
2.45.2 Aiding and Abetting Using/Carrying a Firearm During Commission of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 2(a); 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)
2.45.3 Aiding and Abetting Possession of a Firearm in Furtherance of a Drug Trafficking Crime or Crime of Violence 18 U.S.C. § 2(a); 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.46 Concealment of a Material Fact 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(1)
2.46.1 False Statement 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(2)
2.46.2 Using a False Writing 18 U.S.C. § 1001(a)(3)
2.47 False Statements in Bank Records 18 U.S.C. § 1005 (Third Paragraph)
2.48 False Statement to a Bank 18 U.S.C. § 1014

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.49 False Identification Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(3)
2.50.1 Fraud in Connection with Counterfeit Access Devices 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(1)
2.50.2 Use of Unauthorized Access Device 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2)
2.51 Transmission of Wagering Information 18 U.S.C. § 1084 186

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.52 First Degree Murder 18 U.S.C. § 1111
2.52.1 First Degree Murder (Felony Murder) 18 U.S.C. § 1111
2.53 Murder in the Second Degree 18 U.S.C. § 1111
2.54 Voluntary Manslaughter 18 U.S.C. § 1112
2.54.1 Involuntary Manslaughter 18 U.S.C. § 1112
2.55 Kidnapping 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.56 Mail Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1341
2.57 Wire Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1343
2.58 Bank Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1344
2.59 Mailing Obscene Material 18 U.S.C. § 1461
2.60 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Material 18 U.S.C. § 1462
2.61 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Material for Sale or Distribution 18 U.S.C. § 1465

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.62 Corruptly Obstructing Administration of Justice 18 U.S.C. § 1503(a)
2.63 Obstructing Administration of Justice by Threats or Force 18 U.S.C. § 1503(a)
2.64 Corruptly Influencing a Juror 18 U.S.C. § 1503
2.65 Witness Tampering 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1)
2.66 False Declaration (Perjury) Before a Court or Grand Jury 18 U.S.C. § 1623(a)
2.67 Mail Theft 18 U.S.C. § 1708
2.68 Possession of Stolen Mail 18 U.S.C. § 1708 (Third Paragraph)
2.69 Embezzlement/Theft of Mail Matter by Postal Service Employee 18 U.S.C. § 1709

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.70 [Robbery] [Extortion] by Force, Violence, or Fear 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act)
2.71 Extortion Under Color of Official Right 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) (Hobbs Act)
2.72 Illegal Gambling Business 18 U.S.C. § 1955
2.73 Money Laundering Using Illegal Proceeds to Promote Illegal Activity 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(i)
2.73.1 Money Laundering Concealing Illegal Proceeds 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B)(i)
2.73.2 Money Laundering “Sting” Concealing Purported Proceeds of Illegal Activity 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(3)(B)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.74 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act 18 U.S.C. § 1962(a) (Introductory Paragraph)
2.74.1 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act
2.74.2 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.74.3 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.74.4 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.74.5 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.74.6 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.74.7 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section A”
2.75 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act 18 U.S.C. § 1962(b) (Introductory Paragraph)
2.75.1 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.75.2 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.75.3 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.75.4 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.75.5 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.75.6 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section B”
2.76 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act 18 U.S.C. § 1962(c) (Introductory Paragraph)
2.76.1 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.2 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.3 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.4 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.5 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.6 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”
2.76.7 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act—“Section C”

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.77 Bank Robbery 18 U.S.C. § 2113
2.78 Bank Theft 18 U.S.C. § 2113(b)
2.79 Carjacking 18 U.S.C. § 2119
2.80 Transportation of Stolen Vehicles 18 U.S.C. § 2312
2.81 Receipt or Sale of a Stolen Motor Vehicle or Aircraft 18 U.S.C. § 2313
2.82 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property 18 U.S.C. § 2314 (First Paragraph)
2.83 Sale or Receipt of Stolen Property 18 U.S.C. § 2315 (First Paragraph)
2.84 Failure to Appear 18 U.S.C. § 3146

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.85 Controlled Substances—Possession with Intent to Distribute 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
2.85.1 Distribution of a Controlled Substance 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
2.85.2 Controlled Substance Analogues Possession with Intent to Distribute 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
2.85.3 Controlled Substance Analogues Distribution of a Controlled Substance Analogue 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
2.86 Unlawful Use of Communications Facility 21 U.S.C. § 843(b)
2.87 Controlled Substances—Conspiracy 21 U.S.C. § 846
2.88 Continuing Criminal Enterprise 21 U.S.C. § 848
2.89 Controlled Substances—Maintaining Drug Involved Premises 21 U.S.C. § 856(a)(1)
2.90 Controlled Substances—Unlawful Importation 21 U.S.C. § 952(a) and § 960(a)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

2.91 Possession of an Unregistered Firearm 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
2.92 Tax Evasion 26 U.S.C. § 7201
2.93 False Statements on Income Tax Return 26 U.S.C. § 7206(1)
2.94 Aiding or Assisting in Preparation of False Documents Under Internal Revenue Service Laws 26 U.S.C. § 7206(2)
2.95 Reports on Exporting and Importing Monetary Instruments 31 U.S.C. § 5316(a)(1)
2.96 Structuring Transactions to Evade Reporting Requirements 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
2.97 Assimilative Crimes Act—Elements 18 U.S.C. § 13

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir. Chapter 3
DEATH PENALTY INSTRUCTIONS
3.01 Sentencing Choices and Responsibility
3.02 Summary of Deliberative Process
3.03 Evidence
3.04 Special Findings Form
3.05 Age at Time of Offense
3.06 Intent Requirement
3.07 Aggravating and Mitigating Factors Generally

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

3.08 Statutory Aggravating Factors
3.08.1 Death Occurring During Commission of Another Crime
3.08.2 Previous Conviction of Violent Felony Involving Firearm
3.08.2.1 Firearm Defined
3.08.2.2 Firearm Silencer and Firearm Muffler Defined
3.08.2.3 Destructive Device Defined
3.08.3 Previous Conviction of Offense for Which a Sentence of Death or Life Imprisonment Was Authorized
3.08.4 Previous Conviction of Other Serious Offenses
3.08.4.1 Exclusions to the Term “Felony”
3.08.5 Grave Risk of Death to Additional Persons
3.08.6 Heinous, Cruel, or Depraved Manner of Committing the Offense
3.08.7 Procurement of the Offense by Payment
3.08.8 Pecuniary Gain
3.08.9 Substantial Planning and Premeditation
3.08.10 Conviction for Two Felony Drug Offenses
3.08.11 Victim’s Vulnerability
3.08.12 Conviction for Serious Federal Drug Offense
3.08.13 Continuing Criminal Enterprise Involving Drug Sales to Minors
3.08.14 High Public Officials
3.08.15 Prior Conviction of Sexual Assault or Child Molestation
3.08.16 Multiple Killings or Attempted Killings

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 10th Cir.

3.09 Non-Statutory Aggravating Factors
3.10 Mitigating Factors
3.10.1 Impaired Capacity
3.10.2 Duress
3.10.3 Minor Participation
3.10.4 Equally Culpable Defendants
3.10.5 No Prior Criminal History
3.10.6 Disturbance
3.10.7 Victim’s Consent
3.10.8 Other Mitigating Factors
3.11 Weighing Aggravation and Mitigation
3.12 Right to Justice Without Discrimination

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.
PRELIMINARY INSTRUCTIONS
P1 Criminal Cases
P2 Anonymous Jury

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.
BASIC INSTRUCTIONS
B1 Face Page - Introduction
B2.1 Duty to Follow Instructions and the Presumption of Innocence
B2.2 Duty to Follow Instructions and the Presumption of Innocence when a Defendant does not Testify
B3 Definition of Reasonable Doubt
B4 Consideration of Direct and Circumstantial Evidence; Argument of Counsel; Comments by the Court
B5 Credibility of Witnesses
B6.1 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements
B6.2 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements or Felony Conviction
B6.3 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements (Defendant with no Felony Conviction Testifies)
B6.4 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements (Defendant with Felony Conviction Testifies)
B6.5 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements or Felony Conviction (Defendant with no Felony Conviction Testifies)
B6.6 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Inconsistent Statements or Felony Conviction (Defendant with Felony Conviction Testifies)
B6.7 Impeachment of Witnesses because of Bad Reputation for (or Opinion about) Truthfulness
B7 Expert Witness
B8 Introduction to Offense Instructions
B8.1 Conjunctively Charged Counts
B9.1A On or About; Knowingly; Willfully - Generally
B9.1B On or About; Knowingly; Willfully - Intentional Violation of a Known Legal Duty
B9.2 On or About a Particular Date; Knowingly
B10.1 Caution: Punishment (Single Defendant, Single Count)
B10.2 Caution: Punishment (Single Defendant, Multiple Counts)
B10.3 Caution: Punishment (Multiple Defendants, Single Count)
B10.4 Caution: Punishment (Multiple Defendants, Multiple Counts)
B11 Duty to Deliberate
B12 Verdict

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
S1.1 Testimony of Accomplice, Informer, or Witness with Immunity
S1.2 Testimony of Accomplice or Codefendant with Plea Agreement
S1.3 Testimony of Accomplice, Witness Using Addictive Drugs, or Witness with Immunity
S2.1 Confession or Statement of a Single Defendant
S2.2 Confession or Statement of Multiple Defendants
S3 Identification Testimony
S4.1 Similar Acts Evidence (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.)
S4.2 Similar Acts Evidence - Identity
S5 Note-taking
S6 Possession
S7 Aiding and Abetting (Agency) (18 U.S.C. § 2)
S8 Deliberate Ignorance as Proof of Knowledge
S9 Good-Faith Defense to Willfulness (as under the Internal Revenue Code)
S10.1 Lesser Included Offense (Single)
S10.2 Lesser Included Offense (Multiple)
S11 Attempt(s)
S12 Character Evidence
S13.1 Entrapment
S13.2 Entrapment: Evaluating Conduct of Government Agents
S14 Alibi
S15 Insanity
S16 Duress and Coercion (Justification or Necessity)
S17 Good-Faith Defense to Charge of Intent to Defraud
S18 Good-Faith Reliance upon Advice of Counsel
S19 Evidence of Flight

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.
OFFENSE INSTRUCTIONS
O1.1 Forcibly Assaulting a Federal Officer: Without Use of a Deadly Weapon - Felony Offense 18 U.S.C. § 111(a)(1)
O1.2 Forcibly Assaulting a Federal Officer: With Use of a Deadly Weapon or Inflicting Bodily Injury 18 U.S.C. § 111(b)
O2 Concealment of Property Belonging to the Estate of a Bankruptcy Debtor 18 U.S.C. § 152(1)
O3 Presenting or Using a False Claim in a Bankruptcy Proceeding 18 U.S.C. § 152(4)
O4 Embezzlement of a Bankruptcy Estate 18 U.S.C. § 153
O5.1 Bribery of Public Official or Juror 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)
O5.2 Receipt of a Bribe by a Public Official or Juror 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2)
O6.1 Bribery of a Bank Officer 18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(1)
O6.2 Receipt of a Bribe or Reward by a Bank Officer 18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(2)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O7 Failure to Pay Child Support 18 U.S.C. § 228(a)(3)
O8 Deprivation of Rights (without Bodily Injury, Kidnapping, Sexual Assault, or Death) 18 U.S.C. § 242
O9 Damage to Religious Property 18 U.S.C. § 247 (a)(1) & (d)(2)
O10.1 Freedom of Access to Reproductive Health Services: Intimidation or Injury of a Person 18 U.S.C. § 248(a)(1)
O10.2 Freedom of Access to Reproductive Health Services: Damage to a Facility 18 U.S.C. § 248(a)(3)
O11.1 Conspiracy to Defraud the Government with Respect to Claims 18 U.S.C. § 286
O11.2 False Claims Against the Government 18 U.S.C. § 287
O12 Presenting False Declaration or Certification 18 U.S.C. § 289
O13.1 General Conspiracy Charge 18 U.S.C. § 371
O13.2 Multiple Objects of a Conspiracy - for use with General Conspiracy Charge 18 U.S.C. § 371
O13.3 Multiple Conspiracies - for use with General Conspiracy Charge 18 U.S.C. § 371
O13.4 Withdrawal from a Conspiracy - for use with General Conspiracy Charge 18 U.S.C. § 371
O13.5 Pinkerton Instruction, [Pinkerton v. U.S., 328 U.S. 640 (1946)]
O13.6 Conspiracy to Defraud the United States 18 U.S.C. § 371 (Second Clause)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O14 Counterfeiting 18 U.S.C. § 471
O15.1 Possession of Counterfeit Notes 18 U.S.C. § 472
O15.2 Counterfeit Notes: Passing or Uttering 18 U.S.C. § 472
O16 Counterfeit Notes: Dealing 18 U.S.C. § 473
O17 Counterfeit Notes: Possession of Notes Made after the Similitude of Genuine Notes 18 U.S.C. § 474(a)
O18.1 Forgery: Endorsement of a Government Check 18 U.S.C. § 495 or 510(a)(1)
O18.2 Forgery: Uttering a Forged Endorsement 18 U.S.C. § 495 or 510(a)(2)
O18.3 Counterfeit or Forged Securities 18 U.S.C. § 513(a)
O19 Criminal Street Gangs 18 U.S.C. § 521

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O20 Smuggling 18 U.S.C. § 545
O21 Theft of Government Money or Property 18 U.S.C. § 641
O22 Theft or Embezzlement by Bank Employee 18 U.S.C. § 656
O23.1 Theft from Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659
O23.2 Buying or Receiving Goods Stolen from an Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C. § 659
O24.1 Theft Concerning Programs Receiving Federal Funds 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A)
O24.2 Bribery Concerning a Program Receiving Federal Funds 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B)
O24.3 Bribery of Agent of Entity Receiving Benefits Under a Federal Assistance Program 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2)
O25 Escape 18 U.S.C. § 751(a)
O26 Instigating or Assisting an Escape 18 U.S.C. § 752(a)
O27 Making Threats by Mail or Telephone 18 U.S.C. § 844(e)
O28 Federal Arson Statute 18 U.S.C. § 844(i)
O29 Threats Against the President 18 U.S.C. § 871

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O30.1 Interstate Transmission of a Demand for Ransom for Return of Kidnapped Person 18 U.S.C. § 875(a)
O30.2 Interstate Transmission of an Extortionate Threat to Kidnap or Injure 18 U.S.C. § 875(b)
O30.3 Interstate Transmission of Threat to Kidnap or Injure 18 U.S.C. § 875(c)
O30.4 Interstate Transmission of an Extortionate Communication 18 U.S.C. § 875(d)
O31.1 Mailing Threatening Communications (First Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 876
O31.2 Mailing Threatening Communications (Second Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 876
O31.3 Mailing Threatening Communications (Third Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 876
O31.4 Mailing Threatening Communications (Fourth Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 876
O32 False Impersonation of a Citizen 18 U.S.C. § 911
O33 False Impersonation of an Officer of the United States 18 U.S.C. § 912

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O34.1 Dealing in Firearms without a License 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(1)(A)
O34.2 Transfer of Firearm to Nonresident 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(5)
O34.3 False Statement to Firearms Dealer 18 U.S.C. § 922(a)(6)
O34.4 Failure of Firearms Dealer to Keep Proper Record of Sale 18 U.S.C. § 922(b)(5)
O34.5 Sale of Firearm to Convicted Felon 18 U.S.C. § 922(d)(1)
O34.6 Possession of Firearm by a Convicted Felon 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1)
O34.7 False Entry in a Record by a Firearms Dealer 18 U.S.C. § 922(m)
O34.8 Possession of a Machine Gun 18 U.S.C. § 922(o)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

1 False Statement in Required Information Kept by a Firearms Dealer 18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(1)(A)
O35.2 Using or Carrying a Firearm During a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
O35.3 Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug-Trafficking Crime 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
O35.4 Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm in Furtherance of a Violent Crime or Drug Trafficking Crime 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)
O35.5 Aiding and Abetting: Possessing a Firearm 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
O35.6 Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying a Firearm 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
O35.7 Aiding and Abetting: Using or Carrying and Possessing a Firearm 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
O35.8 Brandishing 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
O35.9 Discharge of Firearm 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)
O35.10 Weapons Listed in 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(B)
O36 False Statement to a Federal Agency 18 U.S.C. § 1001
O37 False Entry in Bank Records 18 U.S.C. § 1005
O38 False Statements in Department of Housing and Urban Development and Federal Housing Administration Transactions 18 U.S.C. § 1010
O39 False Statement to a Federally Insured Institution 18 U.S.C. § 1014

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

1 False Identification Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(3)
O40.2 False Identification Documents 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(4)
O40.3 Aggravated Identity Theft 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1)
O41.1 Fraudulent Use of Counterfeit Credit Card or Other Access Devices 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(1)
O41.2 Fraudulent Use of Unauthorized Credit Card or Other Access Devices 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(2)
O42.1 Computer Fraud: Injury to the United States 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(1)
O42.2 Computer Fraud: Obtaining Financial Information 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(2) & (c)(2)(B)
O42.3 Computer Fraud: Causing Damage to Computer or Program 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(5)(A) & (B)
O42.4 Computer Fraud: Trafficking in Passwords 18 U.S.C. § 1030(a)(6)(A) & (B)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O43 Major Fraud Against the United States 18 U.S.C. § 1031
O44 Transmission of Wagering Information 18 U.S.C. § 1084
O45.1 First Degree Murder: Premeditated Murder 18 U.S.C. § 1111
O45.2 First Degree Murder (Felony Murder) 18 U.S.C. § 1111
O45.3 Second Degree Murder 18 U.S.C. § 1111
O46.1 Voluntary Manslaughter 18 U.S.C. § 1112
O46.2 Involuntary Manslaughter 18 U.S.C. § 1112
O47 Attempted Murder 18 U.S.C. § 1113
O48 Killing or Attempting to Kill a Federal Officer or Employee 18 U.S.C. § 1114
O49 Kidnapping 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O50.1 Mail Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1341
O50.2 Mail Fraud: Depriving Another of Intangible Right of Honest Services 18 U.S.C. §§ [1341] & 1346
O50.3 Mail Fraud: Depriving Another of an Intangible Right of Honest Services 18 U.S.C. §§ [1341] and 1346 Private Employee
O50.4 Mail Fraud: Depriving Another of an Intangible Right of Honest Services 18 U.S.C. §§ [1341] and 1346 Independent Contractor or Other Private Sector Contractual Relationship Besides Employer/Employee
O51 Wire Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1343
O52 Bank Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1344
O53.1 Health Care Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1347
O53.2 Obstruction of Criminal Investigations of Health Care Offenses, 18 U.S.C. § 1518
O54 Conspiracy to Commit [Mail] Fraud 18 U.S.C. § 1349
O55 Mailing Obscene Material 18 U.S.C. § 1461
O56 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Materials by Common Carrier 18 U.S.C. § 1462
O57 Interstate Transportation of Obscene Materials for Purpose of Sale or Distribution 18 U.S.C. § 1465
O58.1 Obstruction of Justice: Omnibus Clause 18 U.S.C. § 1503
O58.2 Corruptly Influencing a Juror 18 U.S.C. § 1503
O58.3 Threatening a Juror 18 U.S.C. § 1503
O59.1 Killing a Witness 18 U.S.C. § 1512(a)(1)(A)
O59.2 Tampering with a Witness 18 U.S.C. § 1512(b)(1)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O60 False Statement in Application and Use of Passport 18 U.S.C. § 1542
O60.1 Misuse of a Passport 18 U.S.C. § 1544
O61 Possession or Use of False Visa 18 U.S.C. § 1546(a)
O62 Involuntary Servitude and Peonage 18 U.S.C. §§ 1581 & 1584
O63 Sex Trafficking of Children by Force, Fraud, or Coercion 18 U.S.C. § 1591(a)
O64 False Declaration Before a Grand Jury 18 U.S.C. § 1623(a)
O65 Obstruction of Correspondence - Taking of Mail 18 U.S.C. § 1702
O66.1 Theft of Mail (First Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 1708
O66.2 Possession of Stolen Mail (Third Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 1708
O67 Theft of Mail Matter by Postal Service Employee 18 U.S.C. § 1709
O68.1 Providing Contraband to a Federal Prisoner 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(1)
O68.2 Possession of Contraband by a Federal Prisoner 18 U.S.C. § 1791(a)(2)
O69 False Statement Regarding Federal Workers' Compensation Benefits 18 U.S.C. § 1920

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O70.1 Interference with Commerce by Extortion - Hobbs Act: Racketeering (Force or Threats of Force) 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a)
O70.2 Interference with Commerce by Extortion - Hobbs Act: Racketeering (Color of Official Right) 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a)
O70.3 Interference with Commerce by Extortion - Hobbs Act: Racketeering (Robbery) 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a)
O71 Interstate Travel in Aid of Racketeering 18 U.S.C. § 1952(a)(3)
O72 Interstate Transportation of Wagering Paraphernalia 18 U.S.C. § 1953
O73 Illegal Gambling Business 18 U.S.C. § 1955
O74.1 Money Laundering: Promoting Unlawful Activity 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(A)(i)
O74.2 Money Laundering: Concealing Proceeds of Specified Unlawful Activity or Avoiding Transaction Reporting Requirement 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(1)(B)(i) & (ii)
O74.3 Money Laundering: International Transportation of Monetary Instruments 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(A)
O74.4 Money Laundering Sting 18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(3)(A) or (a)(3)(B) or (a)(3)(c)
O74.5 Money Laundering Conspiracy 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h)
O74.6 Money Laundering 18 U.S.C. § 1957
O75.1 RICO - Substantive Offense 18 U.S.C. § 1962(c)
O75.2 RICO - Conspiracy Offense 18 U.S.C. § 1962(d)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O76.1 Bank Robbery (Subsection (a) Only) 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a)
O76.2 Bank Robbery (Subsections (a) and (d) Alleged in Separate Counts) 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a) & (d)
O76.3 Bank Robbery (Subsections (a) and (d) Alleged in the Same Count) 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a) & (d)
O76.4 Bank Robbery (Subsection (e) Only) 18 U.S.C. § 2113(e)
O77 Armed Postal/U.S. Property Robbery 18 U.S.C. § 2114(a)
O78 Motor Vehicles: "Carjacking" 18 U.S.C. § 2119

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O79.1 Aggravated Sexual Abuse: By Force or Threat 18 U.S.C. § 2241(a)
O79.2 Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Crossing a State Line with the Intent to Engage in a Sexual Act with Child Under 12 18 U.S.C. § 2241(c)
O79.3 Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Sexual Act with a Child Under 12 18 U.S.C. § 2241(c)
O79.4 Aggravated Sexual Abuse: Sexual Act with Child Between 12 and 16 18 U.S.C. § 2241(c)
O80 Sexual Abuse of a Minor 18 U.S.C. § 2243(a)
O81.1 Abusive Sexual Contact 18 U.S.C. § 2244(a)(3)
O81.2 Abusive Sexual Contact: Sexual Contact with Child Under 12 18 U.S.C. §§ 2244(a)(3) and 2244(c)
O82 Sexual Exploitation of Children Producing Child Pornography 18 U.S.C. § 2251(a)
O82.1 Advertising Child Pornography 18 U.S.C. § 2251(d)
O83.1 Transporting or Shipping Material Involving Sexual Exploitation of Minors 18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(1)
O83.2 Receiving and Distributing Material Involving Sexual Exploitation of Minors 18 U.S.C. § 2252(a)(2)
O83.3A Child Pornography: Transporting or Shipping (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1)
O83.3B Child Pornography: Transporting or Shipping (Computer or Digital Image that Appears Indistinguishable from Actual Minor but may not be of an Actual Person) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(1)
O83.4A Child Pornography: Receiving, Possessing and Distributing (Visual Depiction of Actual Minor) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A) & (5)(B)
O83.4B Child Pornography: Receiving, Possessing and Distributing (Computer or Digital Image that Appears Indistinguishable from Actual Minor but may not be of an Actual Person) 18 U.S.C. § 2252A(a)(2)(A) & (5)(B)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O84 Transportation of Explosive, Biological, Chemical or Radioactive or Nuclear Materials 18 U.S.C. § 2283(a)
O85 Transportation of Terrorists 18 U.S.C. § 2284(a)
O86 Interstate Transportation of a Stolen Motor Vehicle 18 U.S.C. § 2312
O87 Sale or Receipt of a Stolen Motor Vehicle 18 U.S.C. § 2313
O88.1 Interstate Transportation of Stolen Property 18 U.S.C. § 2314
O88.2 Causing Interstate Travel in Execution of a Scheme to Defraud 18 U.S.C. § 2314
O89 Sale or Receipt of Stolen Property (First Paragraph) 18 U.S.C. § 2315
O90 Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction Against Person or Property in the United States 18 U.S.C. § 2332(a)(2)
O91.1 Providing Material Support to Terrorists 18 U.S.C. § 2339A
O91.2 Providing Material Support or Resources to Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations 18 U.S.C. § 2339B

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O92.1 Inducement of Juvenile to Travel to Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity 18 U.S.C. § 2422(a)
O92.2 Coercion and Enticement of a Minor to Engage in Sexual Activity 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)
O92.3 Attempted Coercion and Enticement of a Minor to Engage in Sexual Activity 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b)
O93.1 Transportation with Intent to Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity 18 U.S.C. § 2423(a)
O93.2 Travel with Intent to Engage in Illicit Sexual Conduct 18 U.S.C. § 2423(b)
O93.3 Engaging in Illicit Sexual Conduct in a Foreign Place 18 U.S.C. § 2423(c)
O93.4 Facilitating Travel of Another to Engage in Illicit Sexual Conduct 18 U.S.C. § 2423(d)
O94 Failure to Appear (Bail Jumping) 18 U.S.C. § 3146

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O95 Unlawful Possession of Food Stamps 7 U.S.C. § 2024(b)
O96.1 Bringing Aliens into the United States 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i)
O96.2 Unlawfully Transporting Aliens 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii)
O96.3 Concealing or Harboring Aliens 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii)
O96.4 Conspiracy to Encourage or Induce Aliens to Enter the United States 8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(v)(I)
O97 Illegal Entry by Deported Alien 8 U.S.C. § 1326

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O98 Controlled Substances: Possession with Intent to Distribute 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
O99 Controlled Substances: Unlawful Use of Communications Facility 21 U.S.C. § 843(b)
O100 Controlled Substances: Conspiracy 21 U.S.C. § 846 and/or 21 U.S.C. § 963
O101.1 Withdrawal as a Defense to Conspiracy - Quantity of Drugs
O101.2 Withdrawal as a Defense to Conspiracy Based on the Statute of Limitations
O102.1 Controlled Substances: Continuing Criminal Enterprise 21 U.S.C. § 848
O102.2 Controlled Substances: Continuing Criminal Enterprise - Murder 21 U.S.C. § 848(e)
O103 Possession of Controlled Substance Near Schools or Public Housing 21 U.S.C. § 860
O104 Controlled Substances: Importation 21 U.S.C. § 952(a)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O105 Possession or Transfer of Non-Tax-Paid Distilled Spirits 26 U.S.C. §§ 5604(a)(1) & 5301(d)
O106.1 Possession or Unregistered Firearm 26 U.S.C. § 5861(d)
O106.2 Possession of Firearm having Altered or Obliterated Serial Number 26 U.S.C. § 5861(h)
O106.3 Possession or Receipt of Firearm not Identified by a Serial Number 26 U.S.C. § 5861(i)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O107.1 Tax Evasion: General Charge 26 U.S.C. § 7201
O107.2 Net Worth Method
O107.3 Bank Deposits Method
O107.4 Cash Expenditures Method
O108 Failure to File a Tax Return 26 U.S.C. § 7203
O109.1 Filing a False Tax-Related Document 26 U.S.C. § 7206(1)
O109.2 Aiding or Assisting in Preparation of False Documents Under Internal Revenue Laws 26 U.S.C. § 7206(2)
O110 False Tax Return, List, Account, or Statement 26 U.S.C. § 7207
O111 Impeding Internal Revenue Service 26 U.S.C. § 7212(a)

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

O112 Evading a Currency-Transaction Reporting Requirement by Structuring Transaction 31 U.S.C. § 5324(a)(3)
O113 Knowingly Discharge Pollutant in Violation of the Clean Water Act 33 U.S.C. §§ 1311(a) & 1319(c)(2)(A)
O114 Fraudulent Receipt of V.A. Benefits 38 U.S.C. § 6102(b)
O115 Falsely Representing a Social Security Number 42 U.S.C. § 408(a)(7)(B)
O116 Forceful Intimidation Because of Race: Occupancy of Dwelling (No Bodily Injury) 42 U.S.C. § 3631
O117.1 Controlled Substances: Possession on Vessel of the United States or Subject to the Jurisdiction of the United States 46 U.S.C. § 70503(a)
O117.2 Controlled Substances: Possession on Vessel by United States Citizen or Resident Alien 46 U.S.C. § 70503(a)
O118 Assaulting or Intimidating a Flight Crew of an Aircraft in United States without Dangerous Weapon 49 U.S.C. § 46504
O119 Attempting to Board Air Craft with Concealed Weapon or Explosive Device 49 U.S.C. § 46505(b)
O120 Procurement of Citizenship or Naturalization Unlawfully 18 U.S.C. § 1425

Pattern Crim. Jury Instr. 11th Cir.

T1.1 Cautionary Instruction Similar Acts Evidence (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.)
T1.2 Cautionary Instruction Similar Acts Evidence - Identity (Rule 404(b), Fed. R. Evid.)
T2 Explanatory Instruction - Prior Statement or Testimony of a Witness
T3 Explanatory Instruction - Transcript of Tape Recorded Conversation
T4 Explanatory Instruction - Role of Interpreters
T5 Modified Allen Charge
T6 Forfeiture Proceedings (To be given before supplemental evidentiary proceedings or supplemental arguments of counsel

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